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Mais le Cadi Tranche-t-il?

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J. Berque has argued that the main task of the Muslim judge is to encourage agreement between parties to a dispute. In this essay, I test his thesis in the light of information relating to Muslim judges in the Mālikī West between the 3d/9th and 8th/14th centuries. After discussing the relationship between a court judgment, arbitration, and transaction, I analyze the competence and jurisdiction of the judge in an effort to determine whether or not he did in fact settle disputes and enforce his judgments. Jacques Berque estime que l'essentiel du travail du cadi musulman est de favoriser la conclusion d'accords entre les parties en litige. L'objet de cette étude est d'examiner cette thèse à la lumière des données relatives au cadi malikite en Occident musulman médiéval. Dans un premier moment, nous avons évoqué la relation entre qadā' (juridiction), arbitrage et transaction. Dans un second moment, nous avons parlé de la compétence du cadi en matière de jugement et de son exécution pour savoir s'il tranche les litiges et travaille à l'exécution de ses sentences.

Affiliations: 1: Institut superieur de la civilisation islamique, 11 rue Jamaa al-Hawa – Place du leader, 1008 Tunis, TUNISIA


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