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image of Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient

From the beginning of the sixteenth century the Spanish in the Philippines documented their triumph over the native population, but failed to appreciate the way in which the latter understood the conduct of war. This essay focuses on the conflict between local and Spanish forces in 1570 which historians usually interpret as a Spanish victory. A closer reading of the sources, however, reveals the complexities of the local situation. By discussing indigenous forms of warfare the essay places the Spanish 'triumph' in the context of the indigenous rules underlying pangangayao, the native game of warfare.

Les documents rédigés dès le début du XVIe siècle par les Espagnols font état de leur « triomphe » sur les populations locales. Ils ne font en revanche aucune mention, faute peut être d'en avoir une compréhension suffisante, de la manière dont la guerre était alors conçue par les autochtones. Cet article traite tout particulièrement du con it de 1570 entre les indigènes et les Espagnols que les historiens lisent généralement comme une victoire ibérique. Mais une lecture minutieuse des sources nous révèle la complexité de la situation. On s'efforce donc ici de s'intéresser à la perception locale du conflit et de replacer le « triomphe espagnol » dans la perspective du pangangayao, l'art autochtone de la guerre.


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