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The Criticism of Powerful Women by Western Han Dynasty Portent Experts

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Western Han portent experts investigated unusual natural phenomena that they considered signs of Heaven's will. Beginning as a marginal method of historical analysis and cosmological theory, portent studies matured into a standard form of political discourse and critique. Landmark research on portents by influential scholars such as Dong Zhongshu, Jing Fang, and Liu Xiang provided sophisticated metaphysical justifications for excluding certain women from political life. This article discusses the development of Western Han portent studies to demonstrate how a new politicized ideology of gender emerged from these historical and cosmological researches. Durant la période Han occidentale, les experts en divination s'intéressaient aux phénomènes naturels qu'ils interprétaient comme des manifestations de la volonté céleste. Les études divinatoires commencèrent comme une méthode marginale d'analyse historique et comme une théorie cosmologique ; elles se muèrent en un discours politique et critique. Des études importantes sur les signes divinatoires par des lettrés influent tels que Dong Zhongshu, Jin Fang et Liu Xiang fournirent des justification métaphysiques pour l'exclusion de certaines femmes de la vie politique. Cet article analyse le développement des études divinatoires durant la période Han occidentale et montre comment une nouvelle idéologique politiques des sexes a émergé de ces recherches historiques et cosmologiques.


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