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Indian Muslim Merchants in Mozambique and South Africa: Intra-regional Networks In Strategic Association with State Institutions, 1870s-1930s

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This paper puts focus on Indian Muslim merchants who extended their intra-regional networks over to Mozambique and South Africa from the late-nineteenth century. Through the analysis of market niches secured by these merchants in various consumer products and services in rivalry with larger European capitalists and indigenous players, I emphasize the importance of their strategic association with the colonial state, its institutions and sociopolitical structure as de fined by the state; more specifically, with the trading license, officially induced racial divisions, nationality, customs duties. Their business based on appropriation of as well as complicity with the states was different from that of Indian traders and bankers until the early modern times which had been largely steered along with privileges and acknowledgements in official monopoly regime. Cette contribution traite des marchands musulmans indiens qui, à partir de la fin du XIXième siècle, ont étendu leurs réseaux intra régionaux jusqu'au Mozambique et à l'Afrique du Sud. En analysant les niches de marché qu'ils se constituent, variété des produits de consommation et de services, en concurrence avec de grands capitalistes européens et desautochtones en présence, il sera mis l'accent sur l'importance de leur association stratégique avec l'Etat colonial, ses institutions et sa structure socio-politique telles que l'Etat les dé finit; et plus particulièrement avec l'obtention de la licence commerciale qui induit officiellement des divisions raciales, de nationalité et de droits de douane. Leurs activités fondées sur l'appropriation et la connivence avec les états, sont différentes de celles menées par les commerçants et banquiers indiens jusqu'à l'aube des temps modernes qui ont connu privilèges et reconnaissance dans le régime officiel de monopole.

Affiliations: 1: Kobe City University of Foreign Studies, Kobe, Japan


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