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l’oracle et l’hoplite:les élites sacerdotales et l’effort de guerre sous les dynasties égyptiennes indigenes

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image of Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient

Abstract This work proposes a new interpretation of the Chapter 10 of the so called Demotic Chronicle, an oracular text written in Egyptian Demotic and dated from the end of the IVth century BC. A gloss concerning the rule of Nektanebo I denounces the fiscal reforms of the Crown to finance the containment of the Achaemenid assaults against Egypt. This passage finds an echo with the reform of the Egyptian tax system undertaken by the Athenian Chabrias quoted by the Pseudo Aristotle. Both show that the necessity of the payment of a mercenary army drove to an improvement of taxation which prefigures the Ptolemaic reforms of the IIId century B.C.

Affiliations: 1: Collège de France Chaire d’histoire et civilisation du monde achéménide et de l’Empire d’Alexandre 11, place Marcelin BerthelotF-75231 Paris Cedex 05 damien.aguṭ


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