Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Ur-Text of Jadidism: Abū Naṣr Qūrṣāwī’s Irshād and the Historiography of Muslim Modernism in Russia

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient

The conventional historiography of Jadidism begins with Abū l-Naṣr Qūrṣāwī’s (1776-1812) rejection of taqlīd and embrace of ijtihād, which was furthered by Shihāb al-Dīn Marjānī (1818-89), leading to the flowering of Jadidism proper at the beginning of the twentieth century. Beginning in the late 1950s, Qūrṣāwī’s Irshād li-l-ʿibād was put forward by Tatar academics seeking to support the narrative as the specific source of his views on ijtihād. The discussion of ijtihād in this text does not, however, conform to the Jadids’ conception of it, and the attempts to locate Jadidist ideals in it rely on highly anachronistic and specious interpretations. Based on the study of the relevant Soviet historiography and its sources, I argue that this narrative is not supported by the works of Qūrṣāwī or Marjānī but comes ultimately from Jadidist writings from the 1920s.

Affiliations: 1: University of Oxford nathan.spannaus@qeh.ox.ac.uk

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685209-12341394
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Abdullin Iakhia. G. Tatarskaia prosvetitel’skaia mysl’ 1976 Kazan Tatarskoe Knizhnoe Izd-vo
2. Abdullin Iakhia. G. Iz istorii tatarskoi obschestvennoi mysli 1979 Kazan IIaLI, AN SSSR
3. Abdullin Iakhia. G. , Khairullin A. "Mäg”rifätchelek khäräkäte karlıgachı" Qazan Utları 1977 Vol 1 144 145
4. Algar Hamid , Rasulev Shaykh Zaynullah Gross Jo-Ann "The Last Great Naqshbandi Shaykh of the Volga-Urals Region" Muslims in Central Asia: Expressions of Identity and Change 1992 Durham, NC Duke University Press 112 133
5. Ali-Karamali Shaista , Dunne Fiona "The Ijtihād Controversy" Arab Law Quarterly 1994 Vol 9 3 238 257 [Crossref]
6. Arsharuni A.M. , Gabidullin Kh. Ocherki panislamizma i pantiurkizma 1931 Moscow Izd-vo Bezbozhnik
7. Ashurov G. Adle Chahryar , et al "Intellectual and Political Ferment" History of Civilizations of Central Asia 2005 Vol vol. 6 Paris UNESCO 185 212 Towards the Contemporary Period: From the Mid-Nineteenth to the End of the Twentieth Century
8. ʿAynī Ṣadr al-Dīn Tārīkh-i amīrān-i manghitīya-yii Bukhārā 1923 Tashkent Turkestanskoe Gosudarstvennoe Izd-vo
9. ʿAynī Ṣadr al-Dīn Aini Sadriddin Ta”rikhi inqilobi Bukhoro 1926/1987 Dushanbe Adib
10. ʿAynī Ṣadr al-Dīn Tārīkh-i inqilāb-i fikrī dar Bukhārā 1381/2002 Tehran Sorush
11. ʿAbdallāh Baṭṭāl Qāzān tūrklarī: tārīkhī wa-siyāsī gūrūshlar 1925 Istanbul Āmidī Maṭbaʾasī
12. Batyev S.G. "Tatarskii dzhadidizm i ego èvoliutsiia" Istoriia sssr 1964 Vol 4 53 63
13. Bennigsen Alexandre , Broxup Marie The Islamic Threat to the Soviet State 1983 London Croom Helm
14. Bobrovnikov Vladimir Lieven Dominic "Islam in the Russian Empire" The Cambridge History of Russia 2006 Vol vol. 2 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 202 226 Imperial Russia, 1689-1917 [Crossref]
15. Bustanov Al’frid K. Knizhnaia kul’tura sibirskikh musul’man 2013 Moscow Izd-vo Mardzhani
16. Bustanov Alfrid , Kemper Michael Bustanov Alfrid , Kemper Michael "From Mirasism to Euro-Islam: The Translation of Islamic Legal Debates into Tatar Secular Cultural Heritage" Islamic Authority and the Russian Language: Studies on Texts from European Russia, the North Caucasus and West Siberia 2012 Amsterdam Pegasus 29 54
17. Carrère d’Encausse Hélène Hoare Quentin Islam and the Russian Empire: Reform and Revolution in Central Asia 1988 London I.B. Tauris Paris: A. Colin. 1966, in French
18. Dallal Ahmad "The Origins and Objectives of Islamic Revivalist Thought, 1750-1850" Journal of the American Oriental Society 1993 Vol 113 3 341 359 [Crossref]
19. Dallal Ahmad "Appropriating the Past: Twentieth-Century Reconstruction of Pre-Modern Islamic Thought" Islamic Law and Society 2000 Vol 7 3 325 358 [Crossref]
20. Davletshin Tamurbek Sovetskii Tatarstan: Teoriia i praktika leninskoi natsional’noi politiki 1974 London Our World
21. Devlet Nadir Rusya türklerinin milli mücadele tarihi (1905-1917) 1985 Ankara Türk Kültürünnü Araştirma Enstitüsü
22. DeWeese Devin Kemper Michael , Conermann Stephan "Ahmad Yasavi and the Divan-i hikmat in Soviet scholarship" The Heritage of Soviet Oriental Studies 2011 New York Routledge 262 290
23. Dinorshoev M. "Philosophy, Logic and Cosmology" History of Civilizations of Central Asia 2003 Vol vol. 5 Paris UNESCO 747 758 Development in Contrast: From the Sixteenth to the Mid-Nineteenth Century
24. Dudoignon Stéphane A. "Djadidisme, mirasisme, islamisme" Cahiers du Monde Russe 1996 Vol 37 1-2 12 40
25. Dudoignon Stéphane A. Kocaoğlu Timur " Qadimiya as a Historiographical Category: The Question of Social and Ideological Cleavages between “Reformists” and “Traditionalists” among the Muslims of Russia and Central Asia, in the Early 20th Century" Reform Movements and Revolutions in Turkistan 2001 Haarlem SOTA 159 177
26. Dudoignon Stéphane A. Tsugitaka Sato "Faction Struggles among the Bukharan Ulama during the Colonial, the Revolutionary and the Early Soviet Periods (1868-1929): A Paradigm for History Writing?" Muslim Societies: Historical and Comparative Aspects 2004 New York RoutledgeCurzon 62 96
27. Dudoignon Stéphane A. Dudoignon Stéphane A. , et al "Echoes to Al-Manar among the Muslims of the Russian Empire: A Preliminary Research Note on Riza al-Din b. Fakhr al-Din and the Šura (1908-1918)" Intellectuals in the Modern Islamic World: Transmission, Transformation, Communication 2006 London Routledge 85 116
28. Fadel Mohammed "The Social Logic of Taqlid and the Rise of the Mukhtasar" Islamic Law and Society 1996 Vol 3 2 193 233 [Crossref]
29. Fakhr al-Dīn Riḍāʾ al-Dīn Āthār 1903 Orenburg Tipografiia G.I. Karimova pt. 3
30. Fedtke Gero von Kügelgen Anke , Kemper Michael , Frank Allen J. "Jadids, Young Bukharans, Communists and the Bukharan Revolution: From an Ideological Debate in the Early Soviet Union" Muslim Culture in Russia and Central Asia from the 18th to the Early 20th Centuries 1998 Vol vol. 2 Berlin Klaus Schwarz 483 512 Inter-Regional and Inter-Ethnic Relations
31. Frank Allen J. Muslim Religious Institutions in Imperial Russia: The Islamic World of Novouzensk District and the Kazakh Inner Horde, 1780-1910 2001 Leiden Brill
32. Frank Allen J. "Islamic Shrine Catalogues and Communal Geography in the Volga-Ural Region: 1788-1917" Journal of Islamic Studies 1996 Vol 7 2 265 286 [Crossref]
33. Frank Allen J. Bukhara and the Muslims of Russia: Sufism, Education, and the Paradox of Islamic Prestige 2012 Leiden Brill [Crossref]
34. Gainullin M.Kh. Tatar ädäbiyatı xix yöz 1957 Kazan Tatarstan Kitap Näshriyatı
35. Gainullin M.Kh. Borıngı tatar ädäbiyatı 1963 Kazan Tatarstan Kitap Näshriyatı
36. Gainullin M.Kh. Tatarskaia literatura i publitsistika nachala xx veka 1966 Kazan Tatarskoe Knizhnoe Izd-vo
37. Gainullin M.Kh. Tatarskaia literatura i publitsistika nachala xx veka 1983 2nd ed. Kazan Tatarstan Knizhnoe Izd-vo
38. Gesink Indira Falk "“Chaos on the Earth”: Subjective Truths versus Communal Unity in Islamic Law and the Rise of Militant Islam" The American Historical Review 2003 Vol 108 3 710 733 [Crossref]
39. Gesink Indira Falk Islamic Reform and Conservatism: Al-Azhar and the Evolution of Modern Sunni Islam 2009 London Tauris
40. Gubaidullin G. "K voprosu ob ideologii Gasprinskogo (1929)" Gasırlar Awazı/Ekho Vekov 1998 Vol 4 3-4 98 118
41. Hahn Gordon M. Russia’s Islamic Threat 2007 New Haven Yale University Press
42. Haj Samira Reconfiguring Islamic Tradition: Reform, Rationality, and Modernity 2009 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press
43. Hallaq Wael Authority, Continuity and Change in Islamic Law 2001 New York Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
44. Haykel Bernard Revival and Reform in Islam: The Legacy of Muhammad al-Shawkani 2003 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
45. Iskhakov D.M. Problemy stanovleniia i transformatsiia tatarskoi natsii 1997 Kazan Master Lain
46. Iskhakov D.M. Mukhametshin R.M. "Dzhadidizm" Islam v srednem povolzh’e: Istoriia i sovremennost’: Ocherki 2001 Kazan Master Lain 128 135
47. Iuzeev Aidar Mirovozzrenie Sh. Mardzhani i arabo-muṣūl’manskaia filosofiia 1992 Kazan RAN IIaLI
48. Iuzeev Aidar Yuzeev Aidar Johnson Julie , et al "Islam and the Emergence of Tatar National Identity" Religion and Identity in Modern Russia: The Revival of Orthodoxy and Islam 2005 Burlington, VT Ashgate 91 104
49. Jackson Sherman "Taqlīd, Legal Scaffolding and the Scope of Legal Injunctions in Post-Formative Theory: Mutlaq and ʿAmm in the Jurisprudence of Shihab al-Din al-Qarafi" Islamic Law and Society 1996 Vol 3 2 165 192 [Crossref]
50. Jackson Sherman Islamic Law and the State: The Constitutional Jurisprudence of Shihab al-Din al-Qarafi 1996 Leiden Brill
51. Kanlidere Ahmet Reform within Islam: The Tajdid and Jadid Movement Among the Kazan Tatars (1809-1917): Conciliation or Conflict? 1997 Istanbul Eren
52. Kanlidere Ahmet "The Trends of Thought among the Tatars and Bashkirs: Religious Reformism and Secular Jadidism vs. Qadimism (1883-1910)" Journal of Central Asian and Caucasian Studies 2010 Vol 5 9 48 63
53. al-Kawtharī Muḥammad Zāhid Maqālāt al-Kawtharī 1388/1968 Cairo Maṭbaʿat al-Anwār 1953
54. al-Kawtharī Muḥammad Zāhid Ḥusn al-taqāḍī fī sīrat al-Imām Abī Yūsuf al-Qāḍī wa-ṣafḥa min Ṭabaqāt al-fuqahāʾ Homs R. Ḥākimī
55. Kemper Michael "Entre Boukhara et la Moyenne-Volga: ʿAbd an-Nasir al-Qūrṣāwī (1776-1812) en conflit avec les oulémas traditionalistes" Cahiers du Monde Russe 1996 Vol 37 1-2 41 51
56. Kemper Michael Sufis und Gelehrte in Tatarien und Baschkirien, 1789-1889: Der islamische Diskurs unter russischer Herrschaft 1998 Berlin Klaus Schwarz
57. Kemper Michael von Kügelgen Anke , Muminov Aširbek , Kemper Michael "Şihabaddin al-Marğani über Abu n-Nasr al-Qūrṣāwīs Konflikt mit den Gelehrten bucharas" Muslim Culture in Russia and Central Asia 2000 Vol vol. 3 Berlin Klaus Schwarz 353 383 Arabic, Persian and Turkic Manuscripts (15th-19th Centuries)
58. Kemper Michael "The Soviet Discourse on the Origin and Class Character of Islam, 1923-1933" Die Welt des Islams 2009 Vol 49 1 48 [Crossref]
59. Khabutdinov A.Iu Lidery natsii 2003 Kazan Tatarskoe Knizhnoe Izd-vo
60. Khairullin A.N. Abdullin Ia. "Mesto G. Kursavi v istorii obschestvennoi mysli" Iz istorii tatarskoi obschestvennoi mysli 1979 Kazan IIaLI, AN SSSR
61. Khakimov Rafael "Islam’s Modernization: How Plausible Is It?" Russia in Global Affairs 2003 Vol 2 3 126 139
62. Khakimov Rafael Gde nasha Mekka?: manifest evroislama 2003 Kazan Magarif
63. Khakimov Rafael Dzhadidizm (reformirovannyi Islam) 2010 Kazan Institut Istorii AN RT
64. Khalid Adeeb The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia 1998 Berkeley University of California Press
65. Khalid Adeeb "What Jadidism Was, and What It Wasn’t: The Historiographical Adventures of a Term" Central Eurasian Studies Review 2006 Vol 5 2 3 6
66. Klimovich Liutsian Islam v tsarskoi Rossii: Ocherki 1936 Moscow Gosudarstvennoe Antireligioznoe Izd-vo
67. Lapidus Ira A History of Islamic Societies 2002 2nd ed. Cambridge Cambridge University Press
68. Lazzerini Edward "Ğadidism at the Turn of the Twentieth Century: A View from Within" Cahiers du Monde Russe et Soviétique 1975 Vol 16 2 245 277 [Crossref]
69. Lazzerini Edward "Tatarovedenie and the “New Historiography” in the Soviet Union: Revising the Interpretation of the Tatar-Russian Relationship" Slavic Review 1981 Vol 40 4 625 635 [Crossref]
70. Lazzerini Edward "Ethnicity and the Uses of History: The Case of the Volga Tatars and Jadidism" Central Asian Survey 1982 Vol 1 2 61 69 [Crossref]
71. Maraş Ibrahim Türk Dünyasinda Dinî Yenileşme (1850-1917) 2002 Istanbul Ötüken
72. Mardin Şerif Butterworth Charles , Zartman I. William "An Islamic Political Formula in Transformation: Islam, Identity, and Nationalism in the History of the Volga Tatars" Between the State and Islam 2001 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 59 89
73. Marjānī Shihāb al-Dīn Nāẓūrat al-ḥaqq fī farḍiyyat al-ʿishāʾ wa-in lam yaghib al-shafaq 1870 Kazan n.p
74. Marjānī Shihāb al-Dīn Kitāb al-Ḥikma al-bāligha al-jāniyya fī sharḥ al-ʿaqāʾid al-ḥanafiyya 1888 Kazan Maṭbaʿat Wiyāchislāf
75. von Mende Gerhard Der Nationale Kampf der Russlandtürken 1936 Berlin Weidmannsche Buchhandlung
76. Mohammatshin Rafyq Dudoignon Stéphane A. "The Tatar Intelligentsia and the Clergy, 1917-1937" Devout Societies vs. Impious States?: Transmitting Islamic Learning in Russia, Central Asia and China, through the Twentieth Century 2004 Berlin Klaus Schwarz 29 38
77. Qūrṣāwī Abū l-Naṣr ʿAbd al-Naṣīr Al-Sharḥ al-jadīd li-l-ʿAqāʾid al-nasafiyya St. Petersburg, Institut Vostochnykh Rukopisei MS A1241: fols. 92b-147a
78. Qūrṣāwī Abū l-Naṣr ʿAbd al-Naṣīr Al-Irshād li-l-ʿibād 1903 Kazan Lito-Tipografiia I.N. Kharitonova Reprinted with introduction and Russian translation as Abu-n-Nasr ʿAbd an-Nasir al-Kursavi, Nastavlenie liudei na put’ istiny, introd. and trans. Gul’nara Idiiatullina. Kazan: Tatarskoe Knizhnoe Izd-vo, 2005
79. Azade-Ayşe Rorlich The Volga Tatars: A Profile in National Resilience 1986 Stanford, CA Hoover Institution Press
80. ʿAbdraḥmān Saʿdī Tātār adabiyyātī tārīkhī 1926 Kazan Tātārstān Dawlat Nashriyātī Bāsmāsī
81. Ḍiyāʾ Ṣadr-i Shukurov Rustam Allworth Edward , Shakuri Muhammadjon , Shukurov Rustam The Personal History of a Bukharan Intellectual: The Diary of Muḥammad-Sharif-i Sadr-i Ziya 2004 Leiden Brill
82. Ḍiyāʾ Ṣadr-i Shakūrī Bukhārāyī Muḥammadjān Rūznāma-yi Ṣadr-i Ḍiyāʾ 1382/2003 Tehran Markaz Asnād wa Khadamāt-i Pizhūhishī
83. al-Sanūsī Muḥammad ʿAlī ibn Ghalbūn M.A. "Īqāẓ al-wasnān fī l-ʿamal bi-l-ḥadīth wa-l-Qurʾān" al-Majmūʿa al-mukhtāra 1990 Manchester n.p
84. Schamiloglu Uli Kocaoglu Timur "Ictihad or Millat? Reflections on Bukhara, Kazan, and the Legacy of Russian Orientalism" Reform Movements and Revolutions in Turkistan: 1900-1924 2001 Haarlem SOTA 347 368
85. al-Shawkānī Muḥammad b. ʿAlī Al-Qawl al-mufīd fī adallat al-ijtihād wa-l-taqlīd 1411/1991 Cairo Dār al-Kutub al-Miṣrī and Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-Lubnānī
86. al-Shawkānī Muḥammad b. ʿAlī Al-Irshād al-fuḥūl ilā taḥqīq al-ḥaqq min ʿilm al-uṣūl Riyadh Dār al-Fāḍila 2 vols n.d.
87. Shorish M. Mobin Lemercier-Quelquejay Ch. , Veinstein G. , Wimbush S.E. "Traditional Islamic Education in Central Asia prior to 1917" Passé Turco-Tatar, Présent Soviétique: études offertes à Alexandre Bennigsen 1986 Paris Peeters 317 344
88. Somuncuoğlu B. Tümen " Kazan Dergisi (1970-1980)" Türkiye Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 2009 Vol 13 1 71 90
89. Spannaus Nathan "Formalism, Puritanicalism, Traditionalism: Approaches to Islamic Legal Reasoning in the 19th-Century Russian Empire" The Muslim World 2014 Vol 104 3 354 378 [Crossref]
90. Spannaus Nathan "Šihab al-Din al-Marğani on the Divine Attributes: A Study in Kalam in the 19th Century" Arabica 2015 Vol 62 74 98
91. Spannaus Nathan Preserving Islamic Tradition: Abu Nasr Qūrṣāwī and the Beginnings of Modern Reformism New York Oxford University Press Forthcoming
92. Tahir Mahmud "Abunnasir Kursavi 1776-1812" Central Asian Survey 1989 Vol 8 2 155 158 [Crossref]
93. Temir Ahmet "Abdunnasir Kursavi (1771/1772 [sic]-1812)" Kazan Dergisi 1971 Vol 4 44 45
94. Urazaev F.Ia Mekhanizmy sokhraneniia ėtnokul’turnoi identichnosti tatarskogo naroda (konets xx-nachalo xxi vv.) 2012 Kazan Izd-vo IaZ
95. Validov Dzhamaliutdin Ocherk istorii obrazovannosti i literatury Tatar 1923 Moscow and Petrograd Gosudarstvennoe Izd-vo
96. Validov Dzhamaliutdin "Dzh. Validi: “U menia raznoglasiia s sovvlast’iu”" Gasırlar Awazı/Ekho Vekov 1996 Vol 2 1 2
97. Vikør Knut Sufi and Scholar on the Desert Edge: Muhammad b. ʿAli al-Sanusi and His Brotherhood 1995 London Hurst
98. Weismann Itzchak The Naqshbandiyya: Orthodoxy and Activism in a Worldwide Sufi Tradition 2007 New York Routledge
99. Weiss Bernard "Interpretation in Islamic Law: The Theory of Ijtihād" The American Journal of Comparative Law 1978 Vol 26 2 [Crossref]
100. Yemelianova Galina M. Russia and Islam: A Historical Survey 2002 New York Palgrave [Crossref]
101. Zaman Muhammad Qasim Modern Islamic Thought in a Radical Age 2012 Cambridge Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
102. Zarcone Thierry "Philosophie et théologie chez les djadids [La question du raisonnement indépendant (iǧtihad)]" Cahiers du Monde Russe 1996 Vol 37 1-2 53 63
103. Zenkovsky Serge A. Pan-Turkism and Islam in Russia 1960 Cambridge, MA Harvard University Press
104. Zysow Aron Weiss Bernard G. "Muʿtazilism and Maturidism in Hanafi Legal Theory" Studies in Islamic Legal Theory 2002 Leiden Brill 235 266
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15685209-12341394
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685209-12341394
2016-02-11
2017-12-11

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation