Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Myths of South Asian Stasis

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Trade with India in Late-Eighteenth-Century French Thought

image of Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient

During the eighteenth century, European trade with Asia was characterized by the importation of sophisticated manufactured goods in exchange for silver. The features of Euro-Asian trade testify to the vitality of the Indian, Chinese, and Japanese economies in the period before the Great Divergence. Many European observers, however, mistook them for symptoms of economic stasis, purportedly caused by Oriental despotism. Investigating French descriptions of the South Asian economy articulated in debates concerning both the export of silver and competition with South Asian textiles, this article reads Orientalist stereotypes about economic dysfunction as responses to the challenges posed by the Subcontinent’s dynamism and as part of the rhetorical strategies by which European divergence from Asia could be imagined, anticipated, and pursued.

Affiliations: 1: Northwestern University and the École des Hautes Études en Science Sociales


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Agmon Dana"Striking Pondicherry: Religious Disputes and French Authority in and Indian Colony of the Ancien Regime" French Historical Studies 2014Vol 37 3 437 467
2. Agnani Sunil Wolff Larry, Cipolloni Marco"Doux Commerce, Douce Colonisation: Diderot and the Two Indies of the French Enlightenment" The Anthropology of the Enlightenment 2007 Palo Alto Stanford University Press 65 84
3. D’Alpigny le Pileur Essai sur les moyens de perfectionner l’art de la teinture 1770 Paris Costard
4. Althusser Louis Montesquieu, la politique et l’histoire 1959 Paris Presses Universitaires de France
5. Ames Glenn Colbert, Mercantilism and the French Quest for Asian Trade 1996 DeKalb Northern Illinois University Press
6. Anderson Perry Lineages of the Absolutist State 1974 London New Left Books
7. Anonymous Etat actuel de l’Inde 1787 London Chez Madame veuve Laurent Prault
8. Aravamudan Srinivas Enlightenment Orientalism: Resisting the Rise of the Novel 2012 Chicago University of Chicago Press
9. Archives Parlementaires de 1787 à 1860 1862Vol vol. 12 Paris Dupont
10. Ballesteros Pascale Gourguet"Des indiennes aux mousselines: Chronique d’un mouvement de mode, 1750-1800" Le Coton et la mode: 1,000 ans d’aventures 2000 Paris Somogy Éditions d’Art 136 151
11. Bell David The Cult of the Nation in France: Inventing Nationalism, 1680-1800 2001 Cambridge MA Harvard University Press
12. Bell David, Baggio Pauline"Le caractère national et l’imagination républicain au xviii siècle" Annales, histoire, sciences sociales 2002Vol 57 4 867 888
13. Benot Yves Diderot: De l’athéisme à l’anticolonialisme 1970 Paris Maspero
14. Berg Maxine Berg Maxine, Eger Elizabeth"Asian Luxuries and the Making of the European Consumer Revolution" Luxury in the Eighteenth Century: Debates, Desires and Delectable Goods 2003 London Palgrave Macmillan 228 244
15. Berg Maxine Luxury and Pleasure in Eighteenth-Century Britain 2005 Oxford Oxford University Press
16. Bernier François Tinguely Frédéric"Lettre à Monseigneur Colbert, de l’étendue de l’IHindoustan, circulation de l’or et de l’argent pour venir s’y abîmer, richesses, forces, justice et cause principale de la décadence des états d’Asie" Un libertin dans l’Inde moghole: Les Voyages de François Bernier (1656-1669) 2008 [1665] Paris Chandeigne 197 233
17. Berthollet Claude-Louis Eléments de l’art de teinture 1791 Paris Didot
18. Berinstain Valérie, Cardon Dominique, Tchakaloff Thierry Nicolas Indiennes et Palampores à l’Ile Bourbon au xviiie siècle 1994 Saint Louis, La Réunion Maison Française du Meuble Créole
19. Bowen H.V."Sinews of Trade and War: The Supply of Commodity Exports to the East India Company During the Late Eighteenth Century" Economic History Review 2002Vol 55 466 486
20. Charles Loïc, Lefebvre Frédéric, Théré Christine Le Cercle de Vincent de Gournay Savoirs économiques et pratiques administratives en France au milieu du XVIIIe siècle 2011 Paris Institut Nation d’Etudes Démographiques
21. Chassagne Serge Oberkampf: Un entrepreneur capitaliste au Siècle des Lumières 1980 Paris Aubier
22. Chassagne Serge, Chapman S.D. European Textile Printers in the Eighteenth-Century: A Study of Peel and Oberkampf 1981 London Heinemann Educational Books
23. Cheney Paul Revolutionary Commerce: Globalization and the French Monarchy 2010 Cambridge MA Harvard University Press
24. Cole Charles Colbert and a Century of French Mercantilism. 1964 [1939] Hamden CT Archon Books
25. Conan Jules La dernière compagnie française des Indes. 1942 Paris Librairie des Sciences Politiques et Sociales
26. Crépon Marc Les géographes de l’esprit: Enquête sur la caractérisation des peuples de Leibniz à Hegel 1996 Paris Payot
27. Curtin Philip Economic Change in Precolonial Africa: Senegambia in the Era of the Slave Trade. 1975 Madison University of Wisconsin Press
28. Davis Walter W."China, the Confucian Ideal and the European Age of Enlightenment" Journal of the History of Ideas 1983Vol 44 523 548
29. Delormois L’art de faires les indiennes 1780 Paris
30. Depitre Edgar La toile peinte en France au XVIIe et au XVIIIe siècles: Industrie, commerce, prohibitions 1912 Paris M. Rivière
31. Dermigny Louis Cargaisons indiennes: Solier et Ce, 1781-1793 1960 Paris École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales
32. Dew Nicholas Orientalism in Louis XIV’s France 2009 Oxford Oxford University Press
33. Dewerpe Alain, Gaulupeau Yves Le fabrique des prolétaires: Les ouvriers de la manufacture d’Oberkampf à Jouy-en-Josas (1760-1815) 1990 Paris Presses de l’École Normale Supérieure
34. Dobie Madeleine Foreign Bodies: Gender, Language, and Culture in French Orientalism 2001 Palo Alto Stanford University Press
35. Dobie Madeline Trading Places: Colonization and Slavery in Eighteenth Century French Culture 2010 Ithaca NY Cornell University Press
36. D’Souza Florence Quand la France découvrit l’Inde: Les écrivains-voyageurs français en Inde (1757-1818) 1995 Paris L’Harmattan
37. Duchet Michel Anthropologie et histoire au siècle des lumières 1971 Paris Maspero
38. Duchet Michel Diderot et l’Histoire des Deux Indes, ou l’Ecriture fragmentaire 1978 Paris A-G. Nizet
39. Fairlie Susan"Dyestuffs in the Eighteenth Century" The Economic History Review 1965Vol 17 3 488 510
40. Flaix Alexandre Legoux de Essai historique, géographique et politique sur l’Hindoustan: Avec le tableau de notre commerce 1807 Paris Pougin
41. Frank André Gunder Reorient: Global Economy in the Asian Age 1999 Berkeley University of California Press
42. Fukusawa Katsumi Toilerie et commerce du Levant d’Alep à Marseille. 1987 Paris Editions de CNRS
43. Gottmann Felicia"French-Asian Connections: the Compagnies des Indes, France’s Eastern Trade and New Directions in Historical Scholarship" The Historical Journal 2013 JuneVol 56 537 552
44. Grant Sarah Toiles de Jouy: French Printed Cottons, 1760-1800. 2010 London V&A
45. Gril-Mariotte Aziza, Warner Pamela J."Topical Themes from the Oberkampf Textile Manufactory, Jouy-en-Josas, France, 1760-1821" Studies in the Decorative Arts 2009-10 Fall-WinterVol 17 1 162 197
46. Grosrichard Alain, Heron Liz, Dolar Mladen The Structure of the Seraglio: European Fantasies of Asiatic Despotism 1997 [1979] London Blackwell Verso
47. Guerlac Henry"Some French Antecedents of the Chemical Revolution" Chymie 1969Vol 5 73 112
48. Guy Basil The French Image of China Before and After Voltaire 1963 Geneva Institut et Musée Voltaire
49. Haider Najaf"Precious Metal Flows and Currency Circulation in the Mughal Empire" jesho 1996Vol 39 298 364
50. Harvey David Allen The French Enlightenment and Its Others: The Mandarin, the Savage, and the Invention of the Human Sciences 2012 London Palgrave Macmillan
51. Haudrère Philippe La Compagnie française des Indes au XVIIIème siècle, 1719-1795 1989 Paris Librairie de l’Inde
52. Haudrère Philippe Les français dans l’Océan Indien, XVIIe-XIXe siècle. 2014 Rennes Presses Universitaires de Rennes
53. Hayman John"Notions on National Characters in the Eighteenth Century" Huntington Library Quarterly 1971Vol 35 1 1 17
54. Hernoux Etienne Rapport fait à l’Assemblée Nationale au nom du comité d’Agriculture et de Commerce, par M. Hernoux, Député de Dijon 1790 Paris Badouin
55. Hesseln Robert de Dictionnaire universel de la France 1771 Paris Desaint
56. Hont Istvan The Jealousy of Trade: International Competition and the Nation State in Historical Perspective 2005 Cambridge MA Harvard University Press
57. Horn Jeff"Marseille et la question du mercantilisme: Privilège, liberté et économique politique en France, 1650-1750" Histoire, économie et société 2011Vol 2 95 111
58. Journal oeconomique 1756 September
59. Kaiser Thomas"The Evil Empire? The Debate on Turkish Despotism in Eighteenth-Century French Political Culture" The Journal of Modern History 2000Vol 72 1 6 34
60. Kwass Michael Contraband: Louis Mandrin and the Making of a Global Underground 2014 Cambridge MA Harvard University Press
61. Larrère Catherine L’Invention de l’économie au XVIIIe siècle: Du droit naturel à la physiocratie. 1992 Paris Presses Universitaires de France
62. Laurens Henry Les origines intellectuelles de l’expédition en Egypte: L’Orientalisme islamisant en France (1698-1798) 1987 Istanbul Editions Isis
63. Lemire Beverly"Fashioning Cottons: Asian Trade, Domestic Industry and Consumer Demand: 1600-1780" The Cambridge History of Western Textiles 2003Vol 1 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 493 512
64. Lemire Beverly, Riello Giorgio"East and West: Textiles and Fashion in Early Modern Europe" Journal of Social History 2008Vol 41 4 887 916
65. Lettres édifiantes et curieuses, écrites des missions étrangères, par quelques missionnaires de la Compagnie de Jésus 1743Vol vol. 26 Paris Le Clerc
66. Lowe Lisa Critical Terrains: French and British Orientalisms 1991 Ithaca NY Cornell University Press
67. Lüsebrink Hans-Jurgen, Tietz Manfred Lectures de Raynal: l’Histoire des Deux Indes en Europe et en Amérique au XVIIIe siècle. 1991 Oxford Voltaire Foundation
68. Lüsebrink Hans-Jurgen, Strugnell Anthony L’Histoire des Deux Indes, réécriture et polygraphie 1995 Oxford Voltaire Foundation
69. Manning Catherine Fortunes à faire: The French in Asian Trade, 1719-48 1996 Brookfield VT Ashgate
70. Margerison Kenneth"The Shareholders’ Revolt at the Compagnie des Indes: Commerce and Political Culture in Old Regime France" French History 2006Vol 20 25 51
71. Margerison Kenneth"Commercial Liberty, French National Power, and the Indies Trade at the End of the Seven Years’ War" Historical Reflections 2009Vol 35 53 73
72. Marsh Kate India in the French Imagination: Peripheral Voices, 1754-1815. 2009 London Pickering & Chatto
73. Mazeas Guillaume"Recherches sur la cause physique de l’adhérence de la couleur rouge aux toiles peintes qui nous viennent des côtes de Malabar et Coromandel" Mémoires de mathématique et de physique 1763Vol 4 1 15
74. Medlin Dorothy, Merrick Jeffrey André Morellet: Texts and Contexts 2003 Oxford Voltaire Foundation
75. Meysonnier Simone La Balance et l’horloge: La genèse de la pensée libérale en France au XVIIIe siècle 1989 Montreuil Éditions de la Passion
76. Montesquieu [Charles Second, Baron de] De l’esprit de lois 1950 [1748] Paris Les Belles Lettres Accessed via ARTFL-FRANTEXT database
77. Morellet André Réflexions sur les avantages de la libre fabrication et de l’usage des toiles peintes en France: Pour servir de réponse aux divers mémoires des fabriquans de Paris, Lyon, Tours, Rouen, &c. sur cette matière 1758 Geneva
78. Morineau Michel"Le défi indien, xviie et xviiie siècle" Bulletin de l’École Française d’Extreme Orient 1995Vol 82 27 53
79. Mukhopadhyay Indra"Imperial Ellipses: France, India, and the Critical Imagination" 2008 PhD diss., University of California Los Angeles
80. Murr Sylvia"Le “politique au Mogol” selon Bernier: Appareil conceptuel, rhétorique stratégique, philosophie morale" Purushartha 1991Vol 13 Paris École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales 239 311 De la Royauté à l’État dans le monde indien.
81. Nieto-Galan Agusti Klein Ursula, Sparry E.C."Between Crafts Routines and Academic Rules: Natural Dyestuffs and the Art of Dyeing in the Eighteenth Century" Materials and Expertise in Early Modern Europe 2010 Chicago University of Chicago Press 300 333
82. Nussbaum Frederick"The Formation of the New East India Company of Calonne" The American Historical Review 1933 475 497
83. Pagden Anthony Lords of All the World: Ideologies of Empire in Spain, Britain and France, c. 1500-1800. 1995 New Haven CT Yale University Press
84. Parliamentary Papers "Papers Relating to the East India Company’s Charter" 1812Vol vol. 6 Accessed via House of Commons Parliamentary Papers (hcpp),
85. Parthasarathi Prasannan"Rethinking Wages and Competitiveness in the Eighteenth Century: Britain and South India" Past and Present 1998Vol 158 79 109
86. Parthasarathi Prasannan Why Europe Grew Rich and Asia Did Not: Global Economic Divergence, 1600-1850 2011 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
87. Perez Liliane Hilaire"Cultures techniques et pratiques de l’échange, entre Lyon et le Levant: Inventions et réseaux au xviiie siècle" Revue d’histoire moderne et contemporaine 2002Vol 49 1 89 114
88. Pitvay-Simoni Pascale Henderson James"Vincent de Gournay, or “Laissez-faire without Laissez-passer.”" The State of the History of Economics 1997 London Routledge 173 179
89. Pomeranz Kenneth Great Divergence: China, Europe and the Making of the Modern World Economy. 1999 Princeton NJ Princeton University Press
90. Quarelles Traité sur les toiles peintes dans lequel on voit la manière dont on les fabrique en Inde et en Europe 1760 Amsterdam
91. Raveux Olivier"“A la façon du Levant et de Perse”: Marseille et la naissance de l’indiennage européen, 1648-1689" Rives méditerranéennes 2008Vol 1 29 37 51
92. Raynal Guillaume Strugnell Anthony, Brown Andrew, Patrick Courtney Cecil, Dulac Georges, Goggi Gianluigi, Lüsebrink Hans-Jurgen Histoire philosophique et politique des établissements et du commerce des Européens dans les deux Indes 2010Vol vol. 1 Ferney-Voltaire Centre International d’Étude du XVIIIème Siècle
93. Reinert Sophus Translating Empire: Emulation and the Origins of Political Economy. 2011 Cambridge MA Harvard University Press
94. Richards John"Early Modern India and World History" Journal of World History 1997Vol 8 2 197 209
95. Richards John, Roy Tirthankar, Prakash Om, Sugihara Kaoru How India Clothed the World: The World of South Asian Textiles, 1500-1850. 2009 Leiden Brill
96. Richards John"Asian Knowledge and the Development of Calico Printing in Europe in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries" Journal of Global History 2010Vol 5 1 28
97. Richards John Cotton: The Fabric that Made the Modern World. 2013 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
98. Roy Tirthankar An Economic History of Early Modern India 2013 London Routledge
99. Rubiés Joan-Pau"Oriental Despotism and European Orientalism: Botero to Montesquieu" Journal of Early Modern History 2005Vol 9 1-2 109 180
100. Rubiés Joan-Pau Fourcade Marie, Zupanov Ines"Race, Climate and Civilization in the Works of François Bernier" Purushartha 2013Vol 31 Paris École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales 53 78 L’Inde des Lumières: Discours, histoire, savoirs, XVIIe-XIXe siècle
101. Sadoun-Goupil Michelle"Science pure et science appliquée dans l’œuvre de Claude-Louis Berthollet" Revue d’histoire des sciences 1974Vol 27 2 127 145
102. Schneider Jane"Peacocks and Penguins: The Political Economy of European Cloth and Colors" American Ethnologist 1978Vol 5 3 413 447
103. Schoeser Mary, Dejardin Kathleen French Textiles: From 1760 to the Present. 1991 London Calmann and King
104. Schwartz Paul"French Documents on Indian Cotton Painting, 1: The Beaulieu ms. c. 1734" Journal of Indian Textile History 1956Vol 2 3 23
105. Shovlin John The Political Economy of Virtue Luxury, Patriotism, and the Origins of the French Revolution 2006 Ithaca NY Cornell University Press
106. Sinha Arvind The Politics of Trade: Anglo-French Commerce on the Coromandel Coast, 1763-1793 2002 New Delhi Manohar
107. Spector Céline Montesquieu et l’émergence de l’économie politique 2006 Paris Honoré Champion
108. Teltscher Kate India Inscribed: European and British Writing on India, 1600-1800 1995 Delhi Oxford University Press
109. Terjanian Anoush Commerce and Its Discontents in Eighteenth-Century French Thought. 2013 Oxford Oxford University Press
110. Thoissy-Dallem Anne de, Brédif Josette"L’Héritage indien de Jouy-en-Josas" Féerie indienne. Des rivages de l’Inde au royaume de France. 2008 Paris Somogy 33 37
111. Venturi Franco"Oriental Despotism" Journal of the History of Ideas 1963Vol 24 1 133 142
112. Verley Patrick Verley Patrick"La consommation de masse aux origines de la révolution du textile: Les indiennes" L’échelle du monde: Essai sur l’industrialisation occidentale 1987 Paris Gallimard 160 179
113. Voltaire [François Marie Arouet de] Essai sur l’histoire générale. 1756 Geneva Cranmer
114. Vyverberg Henry Human Nature, Cultural Diversity, and the French Enlightenment 1989 New York Oxford University Press
115. Wellington Donald French East India Companies: A Historical Account and Record of Trade. 2006 Lanham MD Hamilton Books
116. Whelan Frederick"Oriental Despotism: Anquetil-Duperron’s Response to Montesquieu" History of Political Thought 2001 WinterVol 22 619 647
117. Young David"Montesquieu’s View of Despotism and His Use of Travel Literature" The Review of Politics 1978Vol 40 3 392 405

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation