Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Early Medieval Central Asian Population Estimates

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient

Census data from 8th-century Eastern Central Asian oases, combined with the measurements of the oases and data from archives discovered there, allow us to calculate estimates both of the individual oases’ populations and of their respective feeding capacities, which is to say the number of people who could be fed from the output of one hectare of agricultural land. These numbers in turn have parallels in Western Central Asia, where oasis sizes can also be calculated by examination of preserved archaeological landscapes and oasis walls. It is therefore possible to reach a rough idea of the populations dwelling in the main oases and valleys of sedentary Central Asia. As regards nomadic regions, the data are far more hypothetical, but references in certain sources to the sizes of nomad armies and rates of nomadic military levying can allow us to calculate at least the possible scales of magnitude for populations living to the north of the Tianshan.

Affiliations: 1: EHESS, PSL Paris


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. al-Qāḍī Wadād 2008"Population Census and Land Surveys under the Umayyads (41-132/661-750)" Der IslamVol 83 341 416 [Crossref]
2. Allsen Thomas T. 1987 Mongol Imperialism: the Policies of the Grand Qan Möngke in China, Russia, and the Islamic Lands, 1251-1259 University of California Press
3. Barthold Wilhem 1968 Turkestan down to the Mongol Invasion 3rd ed. revised by C.E. Bosworth London Luzac
4. Bielenstein Hans 1947"The Census of China during the Period 2-742 AD" Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern AntiquitiesVol 19 125 163
5. Centlivres Pierre 1972 Un bazar d’Asie centrale: forme et organisation du bazar de Tāshqurghān (Afghanistan) Wiesbaden Reichert
6. Du You 杜佑 1988"Du You 杜佑" Tongdian 通典 Beijing Zhonghua shuju
7. Emmerick Ronald Eric 1967 Tibetan Texts Concerning Khotan Oxford Oxford University Press
8. Fouache Eric, Besenval Roland, Cosandey Claude, Coussot Céline, Ghilardi Matthieu, Huot Sébastien, Lamothe Michel 2012"Palaeochannels of the Balkh river (northern Afghanistan) and human occupation since the Bronze Age period" Journal of Archaeological ScienceVol 39 3415 3427 [Crossref]
9. Gentelle Pierre 1969"L’oasis de Khulm" Bulletin de l’Association de géographes françaisVol 46 383 393 [Crossref]
10. Graff David 2003 Medieval Chinese Warfare 300-900 Abington Routledge
11. "Hudūd al-‘Alam" 1970 Hudūd al-‘Alam : “The Regions of the World”. A Persian Geography, 372 A.H.-982 A.D Translated and explained by Vladimir Minorsky London Luzac
12. Ibn A‘tham al-Kūfī 1969-76 Kitāb al-Futūh 8 vols. Hyderabad Dā’irat al-Ma‘ārif al-‘Uthmanīya
13. Ibn Ḥawqal 1964 Configuration de la terre Kramers Johannes Hendrik, Wiet Gaston Paris Maisonneuve & Larose
14. Iṣṭakhrī 1967 Kitāb al-masālik al-mamālik De Goeje Michael Jan Bibliotheca Geographorum Arabicorum, I Leiden Brill 3rd ed.
15. La Vaissière Étienne de, Marquis Philippe 2015"Nouvelles recherches sur le paysage archéologique de Bactres" Compte-Rendus de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-LettresVol 2013-3 1155 1171
16. La Vaissière Étienne de, Philippe Marquis Julio Bendezu-Sarmiento 2015"A Kushan military camp near Bactra" Kushan Histories. Literary Sources and Selected Papers from a Symposium at Berlin, December 5th to 7th, 2013 Falk H. Monographien zur indischen Archäologie, Kunst und Philologie, 23 Bremen Hempen Verlag 241 254
17. La Vaissière Étienne de 2018"The Abbassid Revolution" Marw New Data Der Islam forthcoming
18. Li Jifu 李吉甫 1983"Li Jifu 李吉甫" Yuanhe junxian tuzhi 元和郡縣圖志 Beijing Zhonghua Shuju
19. Liu Xu 劉 昫 1975"Liu Xu 劉 昫" Jiu Tangshu 舊唐書 Beijing Zhonghua shuju
20. Mantellini Simone 2016"Irrigation Systems in Samarkand" Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Dordrecht Springer Netherlands
21. Ouyang Xiu 歐陽修 1975"Ouyang Xiu 歐陽修" Xin Tangshu 新唐書 Beijing Zhonghua shuju
22. Pugachenkova Galina A. 1989 Drevnosti Miankalia Tashkent FAN
23. Raspopova Valentina 1990 Zhilishcha Pendzhikenta (opyt istoriko-sotsial’noi interpretatsii) Leningrad Nauka
24. Silvi Antonini Chiara, Mirzaachmedov Džamal 2009"Gli scavi di Uch Kulakh (Oasi di Bukhara)" Rapporto preliminare, 1997-2007. Rivista degli Studi Orientali lxxx supplemento 1
25. Skaff Jonathan Karam 1998 Straddling Steppe and Sown: Tang China’s Relations with the Nomads of Inner Asia (640-756) Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation University of Michigan
26. Smith John Masson 1975"Mongol Manpower and Persian Population" Journal of the Economic and Social History of the OrientVol 18 3 271 299 [Crossref]
27. Stark Sören, Mirzaaxmedov Djamal 2015"Pervye rezul’taty novykh issledovanii oazisnoi steny Bukharskogo Sogda ‘Devor-i Kampirak’" Transactions of the State Hermitage MuseumVol 75 77 99
28. Stein Aurel 1921 Serindia Oxford Clarendon Press
29. Su Jinhua 苏金花"“Monographic Study on Agriculture of Dunhuang during the Tang and Five Dynasties 唐五代敦煌农业专题研究,”" 中国社会科学院研究生院 2002
30. Trombert Éric 2002"Les cycles de culture et l’organisation des terroirs à Tourfan aux VIe-VIIIe siècles" Bulletin de l’Ecole française d’Extrême-OrientVol 89 203 235 [Crossref]
31. Trombert Eric 2002"La vigne et le vin en Chine: Misères et succès d’une tradition allogène" Journal asiatiqueVol 290 2 485 563 [Crossref]
32. Trombert Eric 2011"Notes pour une évaluation nouvelle de la colonisation des contrées d’Occident au temps des Han" Journal AsiatiqueVol 299 1 67 123
33. Wei Zheng 魏徵 1973"Wei Zheng 魏徵" Suishu 隋書 Beijing Zhonghua shuju
34. Wittfogel Karl August, Feng Chia-sheng 1949 History of Chinese Society: Liao, 907-1125 Philadelphia American Philosophical Society
35. Wu Zhen 吴震 1982"Edition and Commentary of the Junxian Gongxie Benqian Bu 敦煌石室写本唐天宝初年〈郡县公廨本钱簿〉校注并跋" Wenshi 文史Vol 93 97 98
36. Xiong Victor Cunrui 1999"The Land-Tenure System of Tang China—A Study of the Equal-Field System and the Turfan Documents" T’oung PaoVol 85 328 390 [Crossref]
37. Yin Qing 殷晴 2007 The Silk Road and the Economy of the Western Regions (丝绸之路与西域经济) Beijing Zhonghua Shuju
38. Zürcher Erik 1990"Han Buddhism and the Western Region" Thought and Law in Qin and Han China. Studies dedicated to Anthony Hulsewé on the Occasion of his Eightieth Birthday Idema W. L., Zürcher E. Leiden Brill 158 182

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation