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The Upgrading of Squatter Settlements in Tanzania: The Role of Security of Land Tenure and the Provision of Amenities in Housing Improvement

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In the last decade, many Third World governments have adopted as a policy the upgrading of squatter settlements in their countries. One major assumption underlying this policy was that by doing so squatter residents would be motivated to improve their houses. However, recent (1987) in-depth studies in Tanzanian upgraded squatter settlements indicate that the process of upgrading squatter settlements did not necessarily lead to increased motivation amongst the individuals to improve their houses. This study was undertaken in an attempt to investigate what factors influenced housing improvements in upgraded squatter settlements. The findings of the study suggest, at least for Tanzania, that lack of sufficient housing improvements stems from institutional inefficiency and technological inadequacy and to a lesser extent from socio-cultural factors. Institutional inefficiency results from persisting shortage of appropriate building materials, while technological inadequacy refers to lack of building skills. On the other hand, tentative findings of the study suggest that lack of housing improvement may also lie in socio-cultural beliefs associated with, for example, practices in witchcraft.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Architecture, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland 4067, Brisbane, Australia


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