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[Xerxes' hubris and Darius in Aeschylus' Persae , The ϕαρoς of Alcman's Partheneion 1]

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image of Mnemosyne

[This paper discusses lines 60-3 of Alcman's Partheneion 1. It contends that there is no compelling reason to accept the scholiast Sosiphanes' claim that the ϕαρoς is a plough. It also argues that Alcman's style elsewhere in the poem and the way that the formula νυκτα δι' αμβρoσíην is used in Homer suggest that ατε σηριoν αστρo;ν does not refer to ταì Πεληαδες, but to ϕαρoς. When the syntax is interpreted in this way, it seems probable that the ϕαρoς is indeed a robe (rather than a plough): comparisons of robes to stars are found in both the Iliad and the Odyssey and comparisons of robes to the heavens are found outside of Homer. In addition, Homeric comparisons of armour and weaponry to stars may help to explain the passage's otherwise perplexing use of martial imagery., ]


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