Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Mental Insanity in the Hippocratic Texts: A Pragmatic Perspective

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Mnemosyne

The terminology of insanity in the Hippocratic texts appears often confusing to the reader for its variety and ambiguity. Scholarship has dealt with this problematic group of words in different ways, attributing the phenomenon to accidents in the composition of early medical texts or their status as part of a developing technical language and fundamentally reducing them to synonymous. In this piece I propose to look at them not in a semantic perspective, but from the point of view of pragmatic linguistics. How does the grammar and position in which these words are used influence their effect within the individual narrative? How are nuances of emphasis and intensity expressed? How do aspects of subjectivity and chronology emerge through narrative strategies? Through a close reading of one illustrative passage from the patient cases of the Epidemics I attempt to extract further information about the use and meaning of early medical psychiatric vocabulary.

Affiliations: 1: Humboldt Universität zu Berlinchiara.thumiger@hu-berlin.de

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568525x-12301565
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Bakker E.J. A Companion to the Ancient Greek Language 2010 Oxford
2. Bakker E.J. Bakker Pragmatics: Speech and Text 2010a 151 178
3. Battezzato L. Linguistica e retorica della tragedia greca 2008 Roma
4. Benveniste Ε. Giuliani M.V. " La frase nominale, in: Problemi di linguistica generale " 2010 (1966) Milano 179 199 Problèmes de linguistique genérale
5. Berrettoni P. " Il lessico tecnico del I e III libro delle Epidemie ippocratiche " Annali della SNSP 1970 Vol 39 27 106 217 311
6. Bonanno M. L’allusione necessaria: ricerche intertestuali sulla poesia greca e latina 1990 Roma
7. Ciani M. Psicosi e creatività nella scienza antica 1983 Venezia
8. Clarke M. Bakker Semantics and Vocabulary 2010 160 182
9. Classen J. Beobachtungen über den homerischen Sprachgebrauch 1879 Frankfurt
10. Cooper R. " What is Wrong with the DSM? " History of Psychiatry 2004 Vol 15 5 24 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0957154X04039343
11. Deichgräber K. Die Epidemien und das Corpus Hippocraticum: Voruntersuchungen zu einer Geschichte der Koischen Ärzteschule 1933 Berlin
12. Deichgräber K. Die Patienten des Hippokrates: historisch-prosopographische Beiträge zu den Epidemien des Corpus Hippocraticum 1982 Mainz
13. Di Benedetto V. Il medico e la malattia 1986 Turin
14. van der Eijk P. Bakker E.J. " Towards a Rhetoric of Ancient Scientific Discourse. Some Formal Characteristics of Greek Medical and Philosophical Texts " Grammar as Interpretation. Greek Literature in its Linguistic Contexts 1997 Leiden 77 129
15. van der Eijk P. Diocles of Carystus 2000-2001 Leiden
16. van der Eijk P. Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity 2005 Cambridge http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511482670
17. Enge M. Psychische Erkrankungen bei Hippokrates, Celsus und Aretaius 1991 Frankfurt
18. Entralgo P.L. The Therapy of the Word in Classical Antiquity 1970 New Haven
19. Fögen T. Wissen, Kommunikation und Selbstdarstellung. Zur Struktur und Charakteristik römischer Fachtexte der frühen Kaiserzeit 2009 München
20. Frances A. " A Warning Sign on the Road to DSM-V: Beware of its Unintended Consequence " Psychiatric Times 2009 June 26
21. Frances A. " Good Grief " The New York Times 2010 August 14
22. Graumann L.A. Die Krankengeschichten der Epidemienbücher des Corpus Hippocraticum 2000 Leipzig
23. Halliday M.A.K. Webster J. The Language of Science 2004 London
24. Harris W.V. Mental Disorders in the Classical World 2013 Leiden
25. Hellweg R. Stilistische Untersuchungen zu den Krankengeschichten der Epidemien Bücher I und III des Corpus Hippocraticum 1985 Bonn
26. Horstmanshoff M. " The Ancient Physician: Craftsman or Scientist? " Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 1990 Vol 45 176 197 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhmas/45.2.176
27. Horstmanshoff H.F.J. , Stol M. , van Tilburg C.R. Magic and Rationality in Ancient Eastern and Graeco-Roman Medicine 2004 Amsterdam
28. Hughes J.C. Harris If Only the Ancients Had Had DSM, All Would Have Been Crystal Clear: Reflections on Diagnosis 2013 41 60
29. Jones W.H.S. Hippocrates 1923 Vol Vol. I London
30. Jouanna J. Harris The Typology and Aetiology of Madness in Ancient Greek Medical and Philosophical Writing 2013 97 118
31. Kutschenko L.K. " How to Make Sense of Broadly Applied Medical Classification Systems: Introducing Epistemic Hubs " Hist. Phil. Life Sci. 2011a Vol 33 583 602
32. Kutschenko L.K. " In Quest of ‘Good’ Medical Classification Systems " Medicine Studies 2011b Vol 3 1 53 70 2011 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12376-011-0065-5
33. Lanata G. " Linguaggio scientifico e linguaggio poetico. Note al lessico del De Morbo Sacro " QUCC 1968 22 36
34. Langholf V. Horstmanshoff , et al Structure and Genesis of Some Hippocratic Treatises 2004 219 275
35. Langslow D.R. Medical Latin in the Roman Empire 2000 Oxford
36. Lanza D. Lingua e discorso nell’Atene delle professioni 1968 Napoli
37. Leibbrand W. , Wettley A. Der Wahnsinn. Geschichte der abendländischen Psychopathologie 1961 München
38. Leven K.H. Horstmanshoff , et al At Times These Ancient Facts Seem to Lie before Me Like a Patient on a Hospital Bed - Retrospective Diagnosis and Ancient Medical History 2004 369 386
39. Lichtenthaeler C. Neuer Kommentar zu den ersten zwölf Krankengeschichten im III Epidemienbuch 1994 Stuttgart
40. Martzavou P. Chaniotis A. " Dream, Narrative, and the Construction of Hope in the ‘Healing Miracles’ of Epidauros " Unveiling Emotions: Sources and Methods for the Study of Emotions in the Ancient Greek World 2012 Stuttgart 177 204
41. McDonald G.C. Concepts and Treatments of Phrenitis in Ancient Medicine 2009 (PhD Thesis University of Newcastle)
42. Müri W. Flashar H. " Melancholie und schwarze Galle " Antike Medizin 1971 Darmstadt
43. Petridou G. , Thumiger C. Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World forthcoming 2015 Leiden
44. Pigeaud J. La follia nell’antichità Classica 1995 Bologna
45. Porter R. A Social History of Madness 1987 London
46. Porter R. Madness. A Brief History 2002 Oxford
47. Schironi F. Bakker Technical Languages: Science and Medicine 2010 338 354
48. Simon B. Harris Carving Nature at the Joints: the Dream of a Perfect Classification of Mental Illness 2013 27 40
49. Slings S.R. " Written and Spoken Language: an Exercise in the Pragmatics of the Greek Sentence " CPh 1992 Vol 87 95 105
50. Slings S.R. Bakker E.J. " Figures of Speech and their Lookalikes. Two Further Exercises in the Pragmatics of the Greek Sentence " Grammar as Interpretation 1997 Leiden 169 214
51. Thumiger C. Harris The Early Greek Medical Vocabulary of Insanity 2013 61 95
52. Thumiger C. Petridou , Thumiger Patient and Physician in the Epidemics Cases forthcoming 2015
53. Joly R. , Byl S. " Hippocratis De Diaeta " CMG 2003 Vol V 2 4 Berlin
54. Kühlewein H. " EpidemicsIII" Hipp. Opera Omnia 1894 Vol I Leipzig 180 245
55. Kühn K.G. Claudii Galeni Opera Omnia 1821-1833 Vol Volume 7 Cambridge
56. Littré E. Œuvres completes d’Hippocrate 1839-1861 Paris
57. Mewaldt J. " Galeni De Comate secundum Hippocratem " CMG 1915 Vol V 9 2 Leipzig/Berlin
58. Polack H. Textkritische Untersuchungen zu der Hippokratischen Schrift Prorrhetikos I 1976 Hamburg Diss. 1954 (Hamburg)
59. Wenkebach E. Galeni In Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum III commentaria III, CMG 1936 Vol V 10.2.1 Leipzig and Berlin
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/1568525x-12301565
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568525x-12301565
2015-02-03
2018-07-17

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Mnemosyne — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation