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One Fish, Two Fish, Bonito, Bluefish: Ancient Greek ἀµία and γοµφάριον

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image of Mnemosyne

The Ancient Greek fish name ἀµία has been identified with the bonito since the Renaissance. I argue that this identification is wrong and that the amia can only be another important species, the bluefish. The name amia eventually fell out of use and was replaced by another term, γοµφάριον, which has been similarly misidentified despite having survived into Modern Greek, only slightly changed, as a common name for the bluefish.

Affiliations: 1: University of Toronto, Dept. of Classics 125 Queen’s Park, Toronto, on m5S2C7 Canada


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