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Eros dans l’anthroponymie grecque

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image of Mnemosyne

The history of Greek personal names (PN) related to the theonym Eros is striking.1 Despite being one of the most important gods, Eros, along with Aphrodite, is largely absent from Greek proper names in the archaic and classical periods. Later, however, and especially under Rome, there is a remarkable increase in PN at Rome and Pompeii, as well as in Hispania. The reason for the absence of Eros in early Greek names is most likely the sense of the Greek term ἔρως as ‘passionate love’, whereas its increased popularity in Hellenistic and Roman times reflects the more genial representation of the god of love in statues and reliefs.

Affiliations: 1: Departamento de Filología Clásica, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid


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1. Becker L. 2009 Hispano-romanisches Namenbuch. Untersuchung der Personennamen vorrömischer griechischer und lateinisch-romanischer Etymologie auf der Iberischen Halbinsel im Mittelalter (6.-12. Jahrhundert) Tübingen
2. Bechtel F. 1917 Die historischen Personennamen des Griechischen bis zur Kaiserzeit Halle
3. Chantraine P. 1933 La formation des noms en grec ancien Paris
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8. Konstan D. 2007 The Emotions of Ancient Greeks. Studies in Aristotle and Classical iterature Toronto
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11. Lucchesi M.A. 2013"Love Theory and Political Practice in Plutarch. The Amatorius and The Lives of Coriolanus and Alcibiades" Sanders E., Thumiger C., Carey C., Lowe N.J. Erôs in Ancient Greece Oxford 209 227 [Crossref]
12. Masson O. 1989"Quelques noms de femme au neutre dans les inscriptions attiques. Horos 7" Dobias C., Dubois L. Onomastica Graeca Selecta III Genève 61 68
13. Masson O. 1996 Nouvelles notes d’anthroponymie grecque XIV. De Κοπρεύς à Κοπρία et Saint Coprès : noms copronymes ZPEVol 112 147 150
14. Most G.W. 2013"Eros in Hesiod" Sanders E., Thumiger C., Carey C., Lowe N.J. Erôs in Ancient Greece Oxford 163 174 [Crossref]
15. Pellegrini E. 2009 Eros nella Grecia arcaica e classica Roma
16. Sanders E., Thumiger C. 2013"Introduction" Sanders E., Thumiger C., Carey C., Lowe N.J. Erôs in Ancient Greece Oxford 1 8 [Crossref]
17. Solin H. 2003 Die griechischen Personennamen in Rom. Ein Namenbuch. Vol. I, II, III Berlin-New York
18. Stafford E. 2013"From the Gymnasium to the Wedding. Eros in Athenian Art and Cult" Sanders E., Thumiger C., Carey C., Lowe N.J. Erôs in Ancient Greece Oxford 175 208 [Crossref]
19. Striano A. 2004 À propos de la nouvelle édition des inscriptions d’Hispania. Deux notes anthroponymiques, “Odephorus” et “Laurotiche” ZPEVol 147 225 228
20. Striano A. 2010 Sycecale y Tricisma. Los nombres propios de dos hermanas procedentes de una inscripción sepulcral de Tavira (Portugal) EpigraphicaVol 72 493 497
21. Striano A. 2014"Aspectos del comportamiento lingüístico de los nombres propios. El ejemplo del griego antiguo" Martínez Fernández A., Ortega Villaro B., Velasco López M. del H., Zamora Salamanca H. Agalma. Ofrenda desde la Filología Clásica a Manuel García Teijeiro Valladolid 303 311
22. Hispania Epigraphica Online Database. Roman Inscriptions from the Iberian Peninsula
23. The Lexicon of Greek Personal Names (LGPN)

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