Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Sulla and the Invention of Roman Athens

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Mnemosyne

In 86 BC Sulla sacked Athens. The siege left deep marks in the cityscape and in the literary sources. This article traces a diachronic development in the ancient reception of the sack of Athens in Greek literature, from the first century BC through the second century AD. In earlier authors the siege is presented primarily in a military context, while in later authors the emphasis shifts onto Sulla’s destruction of cultural capital. His treatment of Athens comes to be understood as irrational and excessive. I argue that this latter depiction is an anchoring device that roots the new perception of the city during the Empire in the Republican past. In the first two centuries AD Athens increasingly came to be seen as the symbol of Greek culture. Plutarch and Pausanias react to this growing Athenocentrism by retrojecting an image of Athens as cultural symbol onto the first century BC.

Affiliations: 1: Groningen University, Dept. of Ancient History n.i.kuin@rug.nl

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568525x-12342370
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Akujärvi J. 2005 Researcher, Traveller, Narrator. Studies in Pausanias’ Periegesis Lund
2. Arafat K.W. 1996 Pausanias’ Greece. Ancient Artists and Roman Rulers Cambridge [Crossref]
3. Assenmaker P. 2013"Poids symbolique de la destruction et enjeux idéologique de ses récits. Réflexion sur les sacs d’Athènes et d’Ilion durant la première guerre mithridatique" Driessen J. Destruction. Archaeological, Philological and Historical Perspectives Louvain-la-Neuve 391 414
4. Auberger J. 2011"Pausanias le Périégète et la Seconde Sophistique" Schmidt T.S., Fleury P. Perceptions of the Second Sophistic and Its Times Toronto/Buffalo/London 133 145
5. Beck M. 2013 A Companion to Plutarch Chichester
6. Bernhardt R. 1985 Polis und römische Herrschaft in der späten Republik (149-31 v. Chr.) Berlin/New York
7. de Blois L., Bons J., Kessels T., Schenkeveld D.M. 2005 The Statesman in Plutarch’s WorksVol Vol. 2: The Statesman in Plutarch’s Greek and Roman Lives Leiden
8. Boatwright M.T. 2000 Hadrian and the Cities of the Roman Empire Princeton, NJ
9. Bowie E.L. 1970 Greeks and Their Past in the Second Sophistic P&PVol 46 3 41
10. Bremer J.M. 2005 Plutarch and the Liberation of Greece de Blois , et al 257 268
11. Bugh G.R. 1992 Athenion and Aristion of Athens PhoenixVol 46 108 123
12. Buraselis K. 2006"Zum hadrianischen Regierungsstil im griechischen Osten oder vom kaiserlichen Agieren und Reagieren" Wiemer H.U. Staatlichkeit und politisches Handeln in der römischen Kaiserzeit Berlin 41 54
13. Camp J.M. 2001 The Archaeology of Athens New Haven
14. Candau Morón J.M. 2000 Plutarch’s Lysander and Sulla. Integrated Characters in Roman Historical Perspective AJPhVol 121 3 453 478
15. Caruso C. 2013 Akademia. Archeologia di una scuola filosofica ad Atene da Platone a Proclo (387 a.C.-485 d.C) Paestum
16. Connolly J. 2007 Being Greek/Being Roman. Hellenism and Assimilation in the Roman Empire MillenniumVol 4 93 119
17. Connolly J. forthcoming Beyond ‘Identity’. Roman Imaginings of Greece
18. Cook B. 2001 Plutarch’s Use of λέγεται. Narrative and Source in Alexander GRBSVol 42 329 360
19. Desideri P. 2000"Strabone e la cultura asiana" Biraschi A.M., Salmeri G. Strabone e l’Asia Minore Naples 25 44
20. Dowden K. 2013"Poseidonios" Brill’s New Jacoby Online Leiden
21. Dowling M.B. 2000 The Clemency of Sulla HistoriaVol 49 3 303 340
22. Dueck D. 2000 Strabo of Amasia. A Greek Man of Letters in Augustan Rome London
23. Duff T. 1999 Plutarch’s Lives. Exploring Virtue and Vice Oxford/New York
24. Eckert A. 2016 Lucius Cornelius Sulla in der antiken Erinnerung. Jener Mörder, der sich Felix nannte Berlin/New York [Crossref]
25. Engels J. 1999 Augusteische Oikumenegeographie und Universalhistorie im Werk Strabons von Amaseia Stuttgart
26. Engels J. 2005"Ἄνδρες ἔνδοξοι or ‘Men of High Reputation’ in Strabo’s Geography" Dueck D., Lindsay H., Pothecary S. Strabo’s Cultural Geography. The Making of a Kolossourgia Cambridge/New York 129 143
27. Ferrary J.L. 1988 Philhellénisme et impérialisme. Aspects idéologiques de la conquête romaine du monde hellénistique Rome
28. Flacelière R., Chambry E. 1971 Plutarque. Vies. Tome VI Paris
29. Gowing A. 2009"The Roman Exempla Tradition in Greek Imperial Historiography. The Case of Camillus" Feldherr A. The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Historian Cambridge 332 347 [Crossref]
30. Graindor P. 1934 Athènes sous Hadrien Cairo
31. Gruen E. 1992 Culture and National Identity in Republican Rome Ithaca, NY
32. Habicht C. 1985 Pausanias’ Guide to Ancient Greece Berkeley/Los Angeles/London
33. Habicht C. 1997² Athens From Alexander to Antony Cambridge, Mass
34. Hoff M.C. 1997 Laceratae Athenae. Sulla’s Siege of Athens in 87/6 B.C. and its Aftermath Hoff M.C., Rotroff S.I. 33 51
35. Hoff M.C., Rotroff S.I. 1997 The Romanization of Athens Oxford
36. Hopkinson N. 2008 Lucian. A Selection Cambridge
37. Hutton W. 2005 Describing Greece. Landscape and Literature in the Periegesis of Pausanias Cambridge
38. Johnson W.A. 2010 Readers and Reading Culture in the High Roman Empire. A Study of Elite Communities New York/Oxford [Crossref]
39. Jones C.P. 1996 The Panhellenion ChironVol 26 29 56
40. Kallet-Marx R.M. 1995 Hegemony to Empire. The Development of Roman Imperium in the East from 148 to 62 BCE Berkeley/Los Angeles
41. Keaveney A.P. 2005 Sulla. The Last Republican Hoboken, NJ
42. Keaveney A.P., Madden J.A. 2011 Memnon Brill’s New Jacoby Online Leiden
43. Lamberton R. 1997 Plutarch and the Romanization of Athens Hoff M.C., Rotroff S.I. 150 160
44. Lindsay H. 1997 Strabo on Apellicon’s Library RhMVol 140 3 290 298
45. Mango E. 2010"Tanta vis admonitionis inest in locis. Zur Veränderung von Erinnerungsräumen im Athen des 1. Jahrhunderts v. Chr." Krumeich R., Witschel C. Die Akropolis von Athen im Hellenismus und in der römischen Kaiserzeit Wiesbaden 117 156
46. McGing B.C. 1986 The Foreign Policy of Mithridates VI Eupator, King of Pontus Leiden
47. Miles M.M. 2008 Art as Plunder. The Ancient Origins of Debate about Cultural Property New York
48. Oliver J.H. 1981 Roman Emperors and Athens HistoriaVol 30 4 412 423
49. Opsomer J. 2013 Plutarch and the Stoics Beck M. 88 103
50. Pelling C. 2011 Plutarch and History. Eighteen Studies Havertown [Crossref]
51. Porter J. 2001"Ideals and Ruins. Pausanias, Longinus, and the Second Sophistic" Alcock S., Cherry J., Elsner J. Pausanias. Travel and Memory in Roman Greece Oxford 63 92
52. Pretzler M. 2005"Comparing Strabo with Pausanias. Greece in Context vs. Greece in Depth" Dueck D., Lindsay H., Pothecary S. Strabo’s Cultural Geography. The Making of a Kolossourgia Cambridge/New York 144 160
53. Pretzler M. 2007 Pausanias: Travel Writing in Ancient Greece London
54. Pretzler M. 2009"Form over Substance? Deconstructing Ecphrasis in Lucian’s Zeuxis and Eikones" Bartley A. A Lucian for Our Times Newcastle upon Tyne 157 171
55. Rawson E. 1985 Intellectual Life in the Late Roman Republic London
56. Romeo I. 2002 The Panhellenion and Ethnic Identity in Hadrianic Greece CPhVol 97 4 21 40
57. Ruggeri C. 2006"Silla e la conquista di Atene nell’ 86 a.C." Amann P., Pedrazzi M., Taeuber H. Italo-Tusco-Romana. Festschrift für Luciana Aigner-Foresti zum 70. Geburtstag am 30. Juli 2006 Vienna 315 324
58. Santangelo F. 2007 Sulla, the Elites and the Empire. A Study of Roman Policies in Italy and the Greek East Leiden [Crossref]
59. Schettino M.T. 2013 The Use of Historical Sources Beck M. 417 437
60. Schmitz T.A. 2011"The Image of Athens in Diodorus Siculus" Schmitz T.A., Wiater N. The Struggle for Identity. Greeks and Their Past in the First Century BCE Stuttgart 235 251
61. Schmitz T.A. 2013 Plutarch and the Second Sophistic Beck M. 32 42
62. Stadter P.A. 1992"Paradoxical Paradigms. Lysander and Sulla" Stadter P. Plutarch and the Historical Tradition London 41 55 [Crossref]
63. Stadter P.A. 2013 Plutarch and Rome Beck M. 13 31
64. Stadter P.A. 2014 Plutarch and his Roman Readers Oxford/New York [Crossref]
65. Spawforth A.J.S. 2012 Greece and the Augustan Cultural Revolution Cambridge
66. Swain S. 1991 Plutarch, Hadrian, and Delphi HistoriaVol 40 3 318 330
67. Swain S. 1996 Hellenism and Empire Oxford
68. Thein A. 2014 Reflecting on Sulla’s Clemency HistoriaVol 63 2 166 186
69. Tosi R. 2010² Dictionnaire des sentences latines et grecques Grenoble
70. Whitmarsh T. 2001a Greek Literature and the Roman Empire. The Politics of Imitation Oxford
71. Whitmarsh T. 2001b"‘Greece Is the World’. Exile and Identity in the Second Sophistic" Goldhill S. Being Greek under Rome. Cultural Identity, the Second Sophistic, and the Development of Empire Cambridge 269 305 [Crossref]
72. Whitmarsh T. 2005 The Second Sophistic Oxford
73. Woolf G. 1994 Becoming Roman, Staying Greek. Culture, Identity, and the Civilizing Process in the Roman East PCPhSVol 40 116 143
74. Woolf G. 2006"Playing Games with Greeks. One Roman on Greekness" Saïd S., Konstan D. Greeks on Greekness. Viewing the Greek Past under the Roman Empire Cambridge 162 178
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/1568525x-12342370
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/1568525x-12342370
2018-06-20
2018-09-21

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Mnemosyne — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation