Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Millennial Politics in Modern Egypt: Islamism and Secular Nationalism in Context and Contest

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Numen

Abstract As a type often linked to societies in transition, millennialism provides a useful framework of analysis to understand the contestation between the two movements that shaped Egypt’s modern identity: Islamism and secular nationalism. Both movements blended political and religious form and content as they strove to unite people in a collectivist effort to create an ideal society that addressed the nation’s material and cultural needs. Indeed, millennial discourse provided a medium through which Egyptians worked out their nationalist aspirations in a religious key and envisioned their religious values and identity in nationalist form. The volatile, irrational character of millennial movements made Egypt’s postcolonial transition to modern politics fraught and uncertain. And the authoritarian trend among Egypt’s ruling secular nationalists exacerbated the situation. In the end, Egypt’s seminal Islamist movement, the Muslim Brotherhood, proved capable of reorienting itself, downplaying its millennial claims, and espousing a rational politics. Its evolution speaks to the capacity of millennial movements to transform themselves and the societies of which they are a part.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Religious Studies, DePauw University 7 E. Larabee St., Greencastle, IN 46135, USA


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Abdo Geneive No God but God: Egypt and the Triumph of Islam 2000 New York Oxford University Press
2. Ajami Fouad The Arab Predicament: Arab Political Thought and Practice since 1967 1981 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
3. Ansari Hamid Egypt: The Stalled Society 1986 Albany State University of New York Press
4. Apter David E. Geertz Clifford "“Political Religion in New Nations.”" Old Societies and New States: The Quest for Modernity in Asia and Africa 1963 London The Free Press of Glencoe 57 104
5. Auda Gehad Marty Martin E. , Appleby Scott "“The ‘Normalization’ of the Islamic Movement in Egypt from the 1970s to the Early 1990s.”" Accounting for Fundamentalisms: The Dynamic Character of Movements 1994 Chicago University of Chicago Press 374 412
6. Baker Raymond William Islam without Fear: Egypt and the New Islamists 2003 Cambridge Harvard University Press
7. al-Banna Hasan Five Tracts of Hasan al-Banna’ (1906–1949) 1978 Berkeley University of California Press Translated and annotated by Charles Wendell
8. al-Banna Hasan Majmu‘at risa’il al-imam al-shahid Hasan al-Banna n.d. Cairo Dar al-Shihab
9. Barkun Michael "“Millenarianism in the Modern World.”" Theory and Society 1974 Vol 1 117 146
10. Bayat Asef Making Islam Democratic: Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn 2007 Stanford Stanford University Press
11. Bianchi Robert Unruly Corporatism: Associational Life in Twentieth-Century Egypt 1989 New York Oxford University Press
12. Camaroff Jean , Comaroff John L. "“Millennial Capitalism: First Thoughts on a Second Coming.”" Public Culture 2000 Vol 12 2 291 343
13. Cohn Norman The Pursuit of the Millennium 1970 Revised and expanded edition New York Oxford University Press
14. Dessouki Ali al-Din Hilal "“Democracy in Egypt: Problems and Prospects.”" Cairo Papers in the Social Sciences 1983 2nd ed. Cairo American University in Cairo Press 8 26
15. Gauvain Richard "“Salafism in Modern Egypt: Panacea or Pest?”" Political Theology 2010 Vol 11 6 802 825
16. Gershoni Israel , Jankowski James P. Egypt, Islam, and the Arabs: The Search for Egyptian Nationhood, 1900–1930 1986 New York Oxford University Press
17. Gibb H. A. R. Modern Trends in Islam 1972 [1946] New York Octagon Books
18. Gray John Black Mass: Apocalyptic Religion and the Death of Utopia 2007 New York Farrar, Straus and Giroux
19. Greenfeld Liah "“The Modern Religion?”" Critical Review 1996 Vol 10 2 169 191
20. al-Hakim Tawfiq Winder Bayly The Return of Consciousness 1985 New York New York University Press
21. Halpern Manfred The Politics of Change in the Middle East and North Africa 1963 Princeton Princeton University Press
22. Hatch Nathan O. The Democratization of American Christianity 1989 New Haven Yale University Press
23. Hefner Robert W. Civil Islam: Muslims and Democratization in Indonesia 2000 Princeton Princeton University Press
24. Hopwood Derek Egypt: Politics and Society 1945–1981 1982 London George Allen & Unwin
25. Kassem Maye Egyptian Politics: The Dynamics of Authoritarian Rule 2004 Boulder Lynne Rienner Publishers
26. Kenney Jeffrey T. Horowitz Maryanne Cline "“Fundamentalism.”" New Dictionary of the History of Ideas 2005 Detroit Scribner’s Sons 846 850
27. Kenney Jeffrey T. Muslim Rebels: Kharijites and the Politics of Extremism in Egypt 2006 New York Oxford University Press
28. Kenney Jeffrey T. Wessinger Catherine "“Millennialism and Radical Islamist Movements.”" The Oxford Handbook of Millennialism 2011 New York Oxford University Press 688 713
29. Kepel Gilles Rothschild Jon Muslim Extremism in Egypt: The Prophet and the Pharaoh 2003 Berkeley University of California Press
30. Lanternari Vittorio The Religions of the Oppressed: A Study of Modern Messianic Cults 1963 New York Knopf
31. Lapidus Ira M. A History of Islamic Societies 1988 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
32. Lawrence Bruce B. Defenders of God: The Fundamentalist Revolt against the Modern Age 1989 San Francisco Harper and Row
33. Lia Brynjar The Society of the Muslim Brothers in Egypt 1998 Reading Ithaca Press
34. Marsot Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid Egypt’s Liberal Experiment 1977 Berkeley University of California Press
35. Mitchell Richard P. The Society of Muslim Brothers 1969 London Oxford University Press
36. Nasser Gamal Abdul Egypt’s Liberation: The Philosophy of the Revolution 1955 Washington, DC Public Affairs
37. Norris Pippa , Inglehart Ronald Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide 2004 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
38. Qutb Sayyid Ma‘alam fi’l-tariq 1987 Cairo Dar al-Shuruq
39. Qutb Sayyid Milestones. (English translation of Ma‘alam fi’l-tariq.) 1993 Indianapolis American Trust Publications
40. Riesebrodt Martin Reneau Don Pious Passion: The Emergence of Modern Fundamentalism in the United States and Iran Berkeley University of California Press
41. Rutherford Bruce K Egypt after Mubarak: Liberalism, Islam, and Democracy in the Arab World 2008, 1993 Princeton Princeton University Press
42. el-Sadat Anwar In Search of Identity: An Autobiography 1977 New York Harper Colophon Books
43. Safran Nadav Egypt in Search of Political Community: An Analysis of the Intellectual and Political Evolution of Egypt, 1804–1952 1961 Cambridge Harvard University Press
44. Shephard William E. Sayyid Qutb and Islamic Activism: A Translation and Critical Analysis of “Social Justice in Islam.” 1996 Leiden E. J. Brill
45. Smith Anthony D. National Identity 1991 Reno University of Nevada Press
46. Smith Anthony D. Nationalism and Modernism 1998 London Routledge
47. Talmon Yonina "“Pursuit of the Millennium: The Relation between Religious and Social Change.”" Archives européennes de sociologie 1962 Vol 3 125 148
48. Talmon Yonina Sills David L. "“Millenarism.”" International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences 1968 Vol 10 New York Macmillan 349 362
49. Wessinger Catherine Wessinger Catherine "“The Interacting Dynamics of Millennial Beliefs, Persecution and Violence.”" Millennialism, Persecution, and Violence 2000 Syracuse, N.Y. Syracuse University Press 3 39
50. Wickham Carrie Rosefsky Mobilizing Islam: Religion, Activism, and Political Change in Egypt 2002 New York Columbia University Press
51. Worsley Peter The Trumpet Shall Sound: A Study of ‘Cargo’ Cults in Melanesia 1968 2nd edition New York Schocken Books
52. Zubaida Sami Beyond Islam: A New Understanding of the Middle East 2011 London I. B. Tauris

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Numen — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation