Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Scientology: Sect, Science, or Scam?

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Numen

The present piece surveys different discussions of “religion” — especially in the legal realm — which have had a bearing on Scientology. L. Ron Hubbard adopted the religion label for practical reasons; in his mind, Scientology was a science, not a religion. However, it is clear that Scientology actually is a religion — at least in the sense of functioning as a religion in the lives of participants — parading as science; instead of, as Hubbard thought, a science parading as religion. This becomes particularly clear upon examination of individuals participating in the so-called “Free Zone” (ex-CoS members who continue to identify as Scientologists), for whom Scientology remains their primary religious identity.

Affiliations: 1: University of Tromso—The Arctic University of NorwayDepartment of History and Religious Studies9037 TromsoNorwayjames.lewis@uit.no

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685276-12341364
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Andersen Peter B. , Wellendorf Rie Lewis James R. "“Community in Scientology and among Scientologists”" Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 143 163 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0008
2. Anderson Kevin Victor Report of the Board of Enquiry into Scientology 1965 State of Victoria, Australia
3. Atack Jon A Piece of Blue Sky: Hubbard, Dianetics and Scientology 2013 2nd ed. Createspace n.p.
4. Atack Jon A Piece of Blue Sky: Scientology, Dianetics and L. Ron Hubbard Exposed 1990 Fort Lee, New Jersey Lyle Stuart
5. Campbell Colin Kaplan Jeffrey , Lööw Heléne "“The Cult, the Cultic Milieu and Secularization”" The Cultic Milieu: Oppositional Subcultures in an Age of Globalization 2002 Walnut Creek, Calif. Altamira 12 25 [1972]
6. Davis Derek "“The Church of Scientology: In Pursuit of Legal Recognition”" 2004 accessed 12 August 2012 Presentation at the Center for Studies on New Religions International Conference 17–20 June Baylor University url:
7. Frantz Douglas "“The Shadowy Story Behind Scientology’s Tax-Exempt Status”" New York Times 1997 March 9
8. "“Fundamentals of Thought — Alterations”" Scientolipedia accessed 11 August 2014 url:
9. Grünschloß Andreas Lewis James R. "“Scientology, a ‘New Age’ Religion?”" Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 225 243 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0012
10. Hammer Olav Claiming Knowledge: Strategies of Epistemology from Theosophy to the New Age 2004 Leiden Brill
11. Hazen Craig James The Village Enlightenment in America: Popular Religion and Science in the Nineteenth Century 2000 Urbana, Ill. University of Illinois Press
12. Hubbard L. Ron Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health 1950 New York Hermitage House
13. Hubbard L. Ron "“The Creed of the Church of Scientology”" 1954 Phoenix From the Office of L. Ron Hubbard
14. Hubbard L. Ron Scientology: The Fundamentals of Thought 1956 Los Angeles The American St. Hill Organization
15. Hubbard L. Ron Dianetics and Scientology Technical Dictionary 1975 Los Angeles Church of Scientology of California
16. Kin L. Scientology: More than a Cult? 1991 Wiesbaden, Germany Edition ScienTerra
17. Lewis James R. Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press
18. Lewis James R. "“The Science Canopy: Religion, Legitimacy, and the Charisma of Science”" Temenos 2010 Vol 46 1 7 29
19. Lewis James R. Lewis James R. , Hammer Olav "“How Religions Appeal to the Authority of Science”" Religion and the Authority of Science 2011 Leiden Brill 23 40
20. Lewis James R. Cults: A Reference and Guide 2012a 3rd ed. Sheffield Equinox Publishing
21. Lewis James R. Rothstein Mikael , Hammer Olav "“Scientology: Up Stat, Down Stat”" 2012b Cambridge Cambridge University Press 133 149 The Cambridge Companion to New Religious Movements
22. Lewis James R. , Hammer Olav Religion and the Authority of Science 2011 Leiden Brill
23. Lucas Winafred Blake Regression Therapy: A Handbook for Professionals 1993 Vol Vol. I Crest Park, Calif. Deep Forest Press
24. Melton Gordon The Church of Scientology 2000 Salt Lake City Signature Books
25. Monroe Robert A. Journeys Out of the Body 1977 Garden City, N.Y. Anchor Press
26. Palmer Susan J. The New Heretics of France: Minority Religions, la Republique, and the Government-Sponsored “ ‘War on Sects” 2011 New York Oxford University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735211.001.0001
27. Palmer Susan J. Lewis James R. "“The Church of Scientology in France: Legal and Activist Counterattacks in the ‘War on Sectes.’ ”" Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 295 322 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0016
28. Possamai Adam , Possamai-Inesedy Alphia Lewis James R. "“Scientology Down Under”" Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 345 361 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0019
29. Rapport Jeremy Lewis James , Hammer Olav "“Christian Science, New Thought, and Scientific Discourse”" Handbook of Religion and the Authority of Science 2011 Leiden Brill 549 569
30. Reitman Janet Inside Scientology: The Story of America’s Most Secretive Religion 2011 New York Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
31. Richardson James T. Lewis James R. "“Scientology in Court: A Look at Some Major Cases from Various Nations”" Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 283 294 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0015
32. Rothstein Mikael Lewis James , Hammer Olav "“Scientology, Scripture, and Sacred Tradition”" The Invention of Sacred Tradition 2007 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 18 37
33. Rubin Elisabeth Tuxen "“Disaffiliation among Scientologists; A Sociological Study of Post Apostasy Behaviour and Attitudes”" International Journal for the Study of New Religions 2011 Vol 2 2 201 224 http://dx.doi.org/10.1558/ijsnr.v2i2.201
34. The Secrets of Scientology: A Panorama Special 2010 bbcOne, Tuesday, 28 September. (Television Program.)
35. Shterin Marat , Richardson J.T. "“Local Laws Restricting Religion in Russia: Precursors of Russia’s New National Law”" Journal of Church and State 1998 Vol 40 319 342 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jcs/40.2.319
36. Shterin Marat , Richardson J.T. "“Effects of the Western Anti-Cult Movement in Development of Laws Concerning Religion in Post-Communist Russia”" Journal of Church and State 2000 Vol 42 247 271 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jcs/42.2.247
37. State of New York "“Promoting a Pseudo-Religious Cult”" 1977 Albany, N.Y. New York State Assembly Proposed Bill ab9566-A, Section 240.46.
38. Urban Hugh B. The Church of Scientology: A History of a New Religion 2011 Princeton Princeton University Press
39. u.s.Supreme Court Reports 1944 United States v. Ballard. 322 u.s.78.
40. Wallis Roy The Road to Total Freedom: A Sociological Analysis of Scientology 1976 New York Columbia University Press
41. Whitehead Harriet Renunciation and Reformulation: A Study of Conversion in an American Sect. 1987 Ithaca, N.Y. Cornell University Press
42. Willms Gerald Lewis James R. "“Scientology: ‘Modern Religion’ or ‘Religion of Modernity’?”" Scientology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 245 265 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331493.003.0013
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15685276-12341364
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685276-12341364
2015-03-16
2018-07-20

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Numen — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation