Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Finding God in Buddhism: A New Trend in Contemporary Buddhist Approaches to Islam

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Numen

The purported absence of a highest god who creates and governs the universe in the Buddhist worldview has often been regarded as an obstacle to dialogue and mutual understanding between Buddhists and Muslims. However, there has emerged a trend among contemporary Buddhist scholars to discuss a Buddhist equivalent of such a god in order to relate to Islam doctrinally. This article examines three examples of such an attempt, respectively representing the Theravāda, Tibetan, and Japanese Pure Land traditions, as endeavors in the theology of religions. The article demonstrates that these accounts all seek to overcome the psychological gap between Buddhists and Muslims created by perceived doctrinal remoteness between the two traditions, by drawing parallels between the Islamic concept of God and Buddhist notions of the ultimate reality, be it the dhamma, emptiness, Adi Buddha, or Amida Buddha. It will be argued that, although highly unconventional, this line of approach has been motivated by the agenda shared among these Buddhist scholars to promote interreligious harmony and understanding on a global scale. Such agendas tend to be developed in reaction to interreligious conflicts or through personal involvement with Muslims.

Affiliations: 1: Mahidol University, College of Religious Studies Salaya, Phutthamonthol 4, Nakhon Pathom, 73170 Thailand kieko.obu@mahidol.ac.th

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685276-12341379
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Abe Masao Heine Steven "“A Dynamic Unity in Religious Pluralism: A Proposal from the Buddhist Point of View”" Buddhism and Interfaith Dialogue: Part One of a Two-Volume Sequel to Zen and Western Thought 1995 Houndmills, Basingstoke, UK Macmillan 17 39
2. Abe Ryuichi "“Shingon Buddhism, Japan”" Encyclopedia of Buddhism 2004 Vol vol. 2 New York Macmillan 764 766
3. Arnaldez R. "“Khalḳ”" Encyclopaedia of Islam 1990 Vol vol. 3 2nd ed. Leiden Brill 980 988
4. Berzin Alexander Schmidt-Leukel Perry "“Buddhist-Muslim Doctrinal Relations: Past, Present and Future”" Buddhist Attitudes to Other Religions 2006a St. Ottilien EOS-Verlag 212 236
5. Berzin Alexander "“Islamic-Buddhist Dialogue (1995, 2006)”" 2006b accessed 13 February 2010 Berzin Archives. url:
6. Berzin Alexander "“Historical Survey of the Buddhist and Muslim Worlds’ Knowledge”" The Muslim World 2010 Vol 100 2–3 187 203 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-1913.2010.01313.x
7. Berzin Alexander , Akpinar Snjezana "“Some Common Features of Islam and Buddhism: A Conversation with Snjezana Akpinar and Alex Berzin”" 2003 accessed 12 December 2011 Berzin Archives. url:
8. Böwering Gerhard "“God and his Attributes”" Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān 2002 Vol vol. 2 Leiden Brill 316 331
9. bin Muhammad Prince Ghazi Shah-Kazemi Reza "“Introduction to Common Ground”" Common Ground between Islam and Buddhism 2010 Louisville Fons Vitae ix xvi
10. Brown Iem "“Contemporary Indonesian Buddhism and Monotheism”" Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 1987 Vol 18 1 108 117 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022463400001284
11. Buddhadasa Bhikkhu Christianity and Buddhism 1967 Bangkok Karn Pim Pranakorn Partnership
12. Buddhadasa Bhikkhu No Religion 1969 Bangkok Sublime Life Mission
13. Cleary J. C. "“Trikāya and Trinity: The Mediation of the Absolute”" Buddhist-Christian Studies 1986 Vol 6 63 78 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1390132
14. Dalai Lama "“Religious Harmony, Compassion, Islam”" 2007 accessed 8 April 2010 Speech given in Milan on 9 December 2007. Transcribed and edited by Alexander Berzin. Berzin Archives. url:
15. Dalai Lama Shah-Kazemi Reza "“Foreword”" Common Ground between Islam and Buddhism 2010 Louisville Fons Vitae vii
16. Dhammananda K. Sri. "“Why Religious Tolerance? Buddhist Tolerance”" 1974 accessed 12 December 2011 url:
17. Dhammananda K. Sri. "“Let Peace Prevail on Earth”" 1999 accessed 12 December 2011 url:
18. Global Family for Love and Peace "“Buddhist-Muslim Dialogue”" n.d accessed 12 December 2011 url:
19. Flood Finbarr Barry "“Between Cult and Culture: Bamiyan, Islamic Iconoclasm, and Museum”" Art Bulletin 2002 Vol 84 4 641 659 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3177288
20. Griffiths Paul J. Christianity through Non-Christian Eyes 1990 Maryknoll, New York Orbis Books
21. Gross Rita M. Knitter Paul F. "“Excuse Me, but What’s the Question?”" The Myth of Religious Superiority 2005 Maryknoll, N.Y. Orbis Books 75 87
22. Hanh Thich Nhat. Living Buddha, Living Christ 1995 New York Riverhead Books
23. Hanh Thich Nhat. Going Home: Jesus and Buddha as Brothers 1999 London Rider
24. Harvey Peter Buddhism 2001 London and New York Continuum
25. Harvey Peter Harvey Peter "“Portrayals of Ultimate Reality”" Buddhism 2001 London and New York Continuum 95 124
26. Harvey Peter Schmidt-Leukel Perry "“Between Controversy and Ecumenism: Intra-Buddhist Relationships”" Buddhist Attitudes to Other Religions 2008 St. Ottilien EOS-Verlag 114 142
27. Hashemi Sayyid Rahmatullah "“Roving Ambassador Sayyid Rahmatullah Hashemi’s Speech at the University of Southern California on March 10, 2001”" 2001 The Modern Religion. url: (accessed 17 June 2008)
28. Hayes Richard P. "“Principled Atheism in the Buddhist Scholastic Tradition”" Journal of Indian Philosophy 1988 Vol 16 1 5 28 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00235404
29. Hick John "“Religious Pluralism”" Encyclopedia of Religion 1987 Vol vol. 12 New York Macmillan 331 333
30. Hiro Sachiya Hiro Sachiya ga Kiku Kōran 1992 Tokyo Suzuki Shuppan
31. Hoshikawa Keiji , Yamanashi Yukiko Gurōbaru Jidai no Shūkyōkan Taiwa 2004 Tokyo Taishō Daigaku Shuppankai
32. Iwamoto Yutaka Nihon Bukkyōgo Jiten 1988 Tokyo Heibonsha
33. Izutsu Toshihiko Isurāmu Seitan 1979 Kyoto Jinbun Shoin
34. Jackson Roger R. "“Śūnyatā”" Encyclopedia of Buddhism 2004 Vol vol. 2 New York Macmillan 809 810
35. Jackson Roger R. , Makransky John Buddhist Theology: Critical Reflections by Contemporary Buddhist Scholars 2000 Richmond Curzon
36. Jayatilleke K. N. Griffiths Paul J. "“Extracts from ‘Buddhist Attitude to Other Religions.’ ”" Christianity through Non-Christian Eyes 1990 Maryknoll, N.Y. Orbis Books 141 152
37. Kamata Shigeru Hoshikawa Keiji , Yamanashi Yukiko "“Isurāmu no Chi to Shūkyōkan Taiwa no Imi”" Gurōbaru Jidai no Shūkyōkan Taiwa 2004 Tokyo Taishō Daigaku Shuppankai 49 82
38. Kanno Hiroshi "“Inclusivism and Religious Tolerance in the Lotus Sutra”" The Journal of Oriental Studies 1995 Vol 15 94 108
39. Kantipālo Phra Tolerance: A Study from Buddhist Sources 1964 London Rider & Company
40. Khatami Mohammad Yoshimura Shintarō "“Bunmeikan no Taiwa: Nihon no Shi to Iran no Shinchi Shugi”" Sekai 2001 Vol 683 121 128
41. Kiblinger Kristin Beise Buddhist Inclusivism: Attitudes towards Religious Others 2005 Aldershot, UK Ashgate
42. Kiblinger Kristin Beise "“Using Three-Vehicle Theory to Improve Buddhist Inclusivism”" Buddhist-Christian Studies 2004 Vol 24 159 169 http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/bcs.2005.0025
43. Knitter Paul F. The Myth of Religious Superiority 2005 Maryknoll, N.Y. Orbis Books
44. Kono Rikyū "“Kōran ni Mirareru Arrā to Shinran no Amidabutsu [Allah in the Qur’anand Shinran’s Amida Buddha]”" Indotesugaku Bukkyōgaku 1989 Vol 4 325 333
45. Kono Rikyū Hikaku Bunka Nyūmon Introduction to Comparative Culture 1995 Tokyo Hokuseidō Shoten
46. Kono Rikyū Zoku Hikaku Bunka Nyūmon Introduction to Comparative Culture 2 1998 Tokyo Hokuseidō Shoten
47. Kono Rikyū Yudaya Kirisuto Isurāmu Shinran Judaism, Christ, Islam and Shinran 2003 Kyoto Hōzōkan
48. Kono Rikyū Isurāmu no Kokoro, Shinshū no Kokoro The Spirit of Islam and the Spirit of Shin Buddhism 2004 Kyoto Hōzōkan
49. Kono Rikyū "“Isurāmu no Kokoro, Shinshū no Kokoro”" 2008 accessed 10 March 2015 Speech delivered at Tokyo Camii and Turkish Culture Center, 27 April 2008. url:
50. Kraus Werner "“Islam in Thailand: Notes on the History of Muslim Provinces, Thai Islamic Modernism and the Separatist Movement in the South”" Journal of the Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs 1982–1984 Vol 4 5 410 424
51. Kuruvila Matthai Chakko "“Dalai Lama Embraces Religious Tolerance: Buddhist Leader Urges Understanding of Islam, Other Faiths”" San Francisco Chronicle 2006 accessed 8 April 2010 16 April. url:
52. Lloyd Ridgeon , Schmidt-Leukel Perry Islam and Inter-Faith Relations: The Gerald Weisfeld Lecture 2006 2007 London SCM Press
53. Makransky John J. "“Buddhist Perspectives on Truth in Other Religions: Past and Present”" Theological Studies 2003 Vol 64 334 361 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/004056390306400205
54. Makransky John J. "“Buddhahood and Buddha Bodies”" Encyclopedia of Buddhism 2004 Vol vol. 1 New York Macmillan 76 79
55. Makransky John J. Schmidt-Leukel Perry "“Buddhist Inclusivism: Reflections toward a Contemporary Buddhist Theology of Religions”" Buddhist Attitudes to Other Religions 2006 St. Ottilien EOS-Verlag 47 68
56. Morimoto Kōsei "“Isuramu to Bukkyō no Hazama de, 2”" Shunjū 2002 Vol 437 18 21
57. Nagao Gadjin M. Kawamura Leslie S. "“On the Theory of Buddha-Body”" Mādhyamika and Yogācāra: A Study of Mahāyāna Philosophies — Collected Papers of G. M. Nagao 1991 Albany State University of New York Press 103 22
58. Newman John "“Islam in the Kālacakra Tantra”" Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies 1998 Vol 21 2 311 371
59. Obuse Kieko "“The Muslim Doctrine of Prophethood in the Context of Buddhist-Muslim Relations in Japan: Is the Buddha a Prophet?”" The Muslim World 2010a Vol 100 2–3 215 232 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-1913.2010.01314.x
60. Obuse Kieko Doctrinal Accommodations in Buddhist-Muslim Relations with Special Reference to Contemporary Japan 2010b Oxford University of Oxford D.Phil. thesis
61. Pye Michael Skilful Means: A Concept in Mahayana Buddhism 2003 2nd ed London and New York Routledge
62. Race Alan Christians and Religious Pluralism: Patterns in the Christian Theology of Religions 1983 London SCM Press
63. Rahula Walpola What the Buddha Taught 1999 London Wisdom Books
64. Ramadan Tariq Western Muslims and the Future of Islam 2004 Oxford Oxford University Press
65. Schmidt-Leukel Perry "“Buddhist-Muslim Dialogue: Observations and Suggestions from a Christian Perspective”" The Muslim World 2010 Vol 100 2–3 349 363 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-1913.2010.01317.x
66. Schmidt-Leukel Perry Buddhist Attitudes to Other Religions 2006 St. Ottilien EOS-Verlag
67. Scott David "“Buddhism and Islam: Past to Present Encounters and Interfaith Lessons”" Numen 1995 Vol 42 141 155 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1568527952598657
68. Shah-Kazemi Reza Common Ground between Islam and Buddhism 2010 Louisville Fons Vitae
69. Shimano Saburō "“Mahomettokyō to Nihon”" Mantetsu Kaihō 1975 Vol 102 11 13 103: 8–9; 104: 10-11
70. Sivaraksa Sulak A Socially Engaged Buddhism 1988 Bangkok Thai Inter-Religious Commission for Development
71. Srisompob Jitpiromsri , Panyasak Sobhonvasu "“Unpacking Thailand’s Southern Conflict: The Poverty of Structural Explanations”" Critical Asian Studies 2006 Vol 38 1 95 117 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14672710600556478
72. Streng Frederick J. Emptiness: A Study in Religious Meaning 1967 New York Abingdon Press
73. Swearer Donald K. "“Buddhadāsa 1906–1993”" Encyclopedia of Monasticism 2000 Vol vol. 1 Chicago and London Fitsroy Dearborn 191 192
74. Takemura Makio Indobukkō no Rekishi: Satori to Kū 2004 Tokyo Kōdansha
75. Tao Hsin , Habib Chirzin , Kagee Mohammed , Chappell David , Sivaraska Sulak , Wahid Abdurrahman , Habito Maria "“Dharma, Allah and Governance: A Buddhist and Muslim Dialogue”" 2004 Session at the Parliament of the World’s Religions, Barcelona, 7–13 July 2004 [audio cd]
76. unesco(United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) "“Conference on “Global Ethics and Good Governance — Buddhist-Muslim Dialogue”" 2003 accessed 30 June 2005 url:
77. Waardenburg Jacques Lloyd Ridgeon , Schmidt-Leukel Perry "“Response to Aydin”" Islam and Inter-Faith Relations: The Gerald Weisfeld Lecture 2006 2007 London SCM Press 55 59
78. Ward Keith Religions and Revelation: A Theology of Revelation in World’s Religions Oxford Oxford University Press
79. Williams Paul Mahāyāna Buddhism: The Doctrinal Foundations 2009 2nd ed. London and New York Routledge
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15685276-12341379
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685276-12341379
2015-06-08
2018-10-21

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Numen — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation