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Appetite, Reason, and Education in Socrates’ ‘City of Pigs’

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image of Phronesis

Abstract In Book II of the Republic (370c-372d), Socrates briefly depicts a city where each inhabitant contributes to the welfare of all by performing the role for which he or she is naturally suited. Socrates calls this city the ‘true city’ and the ‘healthy one’. Nearly all commentators have argued that Socrates’ praise of the city cannot be taken at face value, claiming that it does not represent Socrates’ preferred community. The point of this paper is to argue otherwise. The claim is that Socrates genuinely believes the city is a healthy and desirable city, and that he believes that the First City (the so-called ‘city of pigs’) is in fact superior to the Kallipolis.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Educational Foundations, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater Winther Hall 6053, 800 West Main St., Whitewater, WI 53190 USA ; 2: Program in Philosophy and Education, Teachers College-Columbia University 334 D Horace Mann, 525 West 120th Street, New York, New York 10027 USA ; 3: University of Wisconsin-Whitewater


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