Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Aristotle’s Two Accounts of Relatives in Categories7

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Phronesis

At Categories7, 6a36-7 Aristotle defines relatives (R1), but at 8a13-28 worries that the definition may include some substances. Aristotle introduces a second account of relatives (R2, at 8a31-2) to solve the problem. Recent commentators have held that Aristotle intends to solve the extensional adequacy worry by restricting the extension of relatives. That is, R2 counts fewer items as relative than R1. However, this cannot explain Aristotle’s attitude to relatives, since he immediately returns to using R1. I propose a non-extensional reading. R1 and R2 do not specify different sets of relatives, but rather different ways to understand each relative.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Classics and Ancient History, Durham University 38 North Bailey, Durham dh1 3 eu UK


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Ackrill J. L. Aristotle’s Categories and De Interpretatione 1963 Oxford
2. Apostle H. G. Aristotle’s Categories and Propositions (De Interpretatione) 1980 Vol Vol. 3 Iowa Grinnell
3. Barnes J. Truth, Etc 2007 Oxford
4. Bodéüs R. Aristote: Les Catégories 2001 Paris
5. Brown L. "‘Being in the Sophist: A Syntactical Enquiry’" Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 1986 Vol 4 49 70
6. Caujolle-Zaslawsky F. Brague R. "‘Les relatifs dans les Catégories’" Concepts et catégories dans la pensée antique 1980 Paris 167 195
7. Chisholm R. M. A Realistic Theory of Categories: An Essay on Ontology 1996 Cambridge
8. Duncombe M. "‘Plato’s Absolute and Relative Categories at Sophist255c14’" Ancient Philosophy 2012 Vol 31 77 86
9. Duncombe M. "‘The Greatest Difficulty at Parmenides133c-134e and Plato’s Relative Terms’" Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 2013 Vol 45 43 63
10. Duncombe M. "‘The Role of Relatives in Plato’s Partition Argument, Republic iv436b9-439c9’" Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy forthcoming
11. Erler M. Ritter J. , et al "‘Relation Antike’" Historisches Wörterbuch der Philosophie 1992 Vol vol. 8 Basel 578 586
12. Frede M. O’Meara D. "‘Categories in Aristotle’" Studies in Aristotle 1981 Washington DC 1 24
13. Frede M. Kraut R. "‘Plato’s Sophiston False Statements’" The Cambridge Companion to Plato 1992 Cambridge 397 424
14. Harari O. "‘The Unity of Aristotle’s Category of Relatives’" Classical Quarterly 2011 Vol 61 521 537
15. Hood P. Aristotle on the Category of Relation 2004 Maryland Lanham
16. Johansson I. Ontological Investigations: An Inquiry into the Categories of Nature, Man, and Society 1989 London
17. Jones R. "‘Truth Contradiction in Aristotle’s De Interpretatione6-9’" Phronesis 2010 Vol 55 26 67
18. Kennedy C. "‘Vagueness Grammar: The Semantics of Relative Absolute Gradable Adjectives’" Linguistics and Philosophy 2007 Vol 30 1 45
19. Kitcher P. "‘Positive Understatement: The Logic of Attributive Adjectives’" Journal of Philosophical Logic 1978 Vol 7 1 17
20. Leigh F. "‘Modes of Being at Sophist255c-e’" Phronesis 2012 Vol 57 1 28
21. Malcolm J. "‘On the Generation Corruption of the Categories’" The Review of Metaphysics 1981 Vol 34 662 681
22. Mignucci M. "‘Aristotle’s Definitions of Relatives in Cat. 7’" Phronesis 1986 Vol 31 101 127
23. Minio-Paluello L. Aristotelis Categoriae et Liber de Interpretatione 1949 Oxford
24. Morales F. "‘Relational Attributes in Aristotle’" Phronesis 1994 Vol 39 255 274
25. Nawar T. "‘Knowledge True Belief at Theaetetus201a-c’" British Journal for the History of Philosophy 2013 Vol 21 1052 1070
26. Oehler K. Kategorien 1984 Berlin
27. Pelletier Y. Allard G. , Brunet L. , Ouellet L. Les Attributions (Catégories): Le texte aristotélicien et les Prolégomènes d’Ammonios d’Hermeias 1983 Montreal / Paris
28. Quine W. V. "‘Quantifiers Propositional Attitudes’" The Journal of Philosophy 1956 Vol 53 177 187
29. Rosenkrantz G. , Hoffman J. Substance Among Other Categories 1994 Cambridge
30. Sedley D. Brunschwig J. , Canto-Sperber M. , Pellegrin P. "‘Aristotelian Relativities’" Le style de la pensée: Recueil des texts en homage à Jacques Brunschwig 2002 Paris 324 352
31. Smyth H. W. Greek Grammar 1956 Harvard Revised by G. M. Messing
32. Wallace J. "‘Positive Comparative Superlative’" The Journal of Philosophy 1972 Vol 69 773 782
33. Wheeler S. C. "‘Attributives their Modifiers’" Nous 1972 Vol 6 310 334
34. Whitaker C. W. A. Aristotle’s De Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic 1996 Oxford
35. Zanatta M. Aristotele, Le Categorie 1989 Milan

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Phronesis — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation