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Aristotle’s Two Accounts of Relatives in Categories7

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At Categories7, 6a36-7 Aristotle defines relatives (R1), but at 8a13-28 worries that the definition may include some substances. Aristotle introduces a second account of relatives (R2, at 8a31-2) to solve the problem. Recent commentators have held that Aristotle intends to solve the extensional adequacy worry by restricting the extension of relatives. That is, R2 counts fewer items as relative than R1. However, this cannot explain Aristotle’s attitude to relatives, since he immediately returns to using R1. I propose a non-extensional reading. R1 and R2 do not specify different sets of relatives, but rather different ways to understand each relative.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Classics and Ancient History, Durham University 38 North Bailey, Durham dh1 3 eu UK m.b.duncombe@durham.ac.uk

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2015-09-11
2018-07-18

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