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Ratio in subiecto? The Sources of Augustine’s Proof for the Immortality of the Soul in the Soliloquia and its Defense in De immortalitate animae

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This paper argues that Augustine did not take the proof in Soliloquia 2.22-4, which centers on the Aristotelian notion of ‘being in a subject’ (in subiecto esse), from a single source but constructed it in a deliberately imperfect manner from several passages from Porphyry’s works on Aristotle’s Categories in order to supplement it with further arguments in Book Three. In De immortalitate animae Augustine explicitly discloses the weaknesses of the proof and repairs them by means of a Neoplatonic notion of causality.

Affiliations: 1: Universität Würzburg, Institut für Klassische Philologie 97070 WürzburgGermany christian.tornau@uni-wuerzburg.de

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2017-06-06
2017-11-20

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