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Companion Animals in Thailand

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Human Factors that Predict Sterilization of Cats and Dogs

image of Society & Animals

The prevalence of companion animal caregiving was estimated, and demographic and psychosocial factors that predict sterilization behaviors in caregivers in Thailand were identified. Thai nationals ( n= 494) were recruited by random for the Culture and Human-Animal Interactions ( CHAI) telephone survey. The results showed 74% of respondents had a cat and/or a dog (60% dogs, 23% cats); 22% of dogs and 19% of cats were sterilized. Logistic Regression analyses revealed positive attitudes toward desexing, and the perception that important others would endorse this practice best predicted sterilization practices. For caregivers with unsterilized companions, Hierarchical Multiple Regression analyses revealed perceived capability to sterilize, positive attitudes toward desexing, and perceived normative pressure to sterilize accounted for 35% and 45% of the variance in intentions to sterilize dogs and cats, respectively. Culturally sensitive initiatives targeting negative attitudes, enhancing normative pressure, and increasing perceived personal agency to sterilize may improve sterilization rates in Thailand.

Affiliations: 1: Monash University, Animal Welfare Science Centre Clayton Australia ; 2: Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics, School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland Gatton Australia ; 3: Centre for Animal Welfare & Anthrozoology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge Cambridge United Kingdom ; 4: Faculty of Veterinary & Agricultural Sciences, The University of Melbourne Parkville Australia


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