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The Perception of Rational Sciences in the Muqaddimah: Ibn Khaldun's Individual Aptitudes Theory

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Ibn Khaldun utilises a web of terminology comprised of an intertwining of the Peripatetic and Asharî traditions, and establishes the discipline of umrân, after having espoused Asharî metaphysics and the Peripatetic mode of thinking. Besides accepting the Peripatetic theory of the soul, he converts it into a new theoretical structure which could be labelled as the individual characteristics or aptitudes theory, and assesses the attainment and administering of this knowledge within the magnitude of his self-developed theory. Data acquired about a given being, keeping with Ibn Khaldun, has cropped up as an outcome of "individual characteristics or aptitudes unique to persons" and precludes the creation from it a discipline, hence the perennial unfeasibility of converting metaphysical data into an objective discipline.

Affiliations: 1: Center for Islamic Studies


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