Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Multi-level Policy Approach in the Governance of Labour Migration: Considerations From the Philippine Experience

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Asian Journal of Social Science

Abstract With 40 years of experience in labour migration, the Philippines has designed a comprehensive approach for its governance that other countries of origin in Asia look up to. The objectives of the migration policy consist in facilitating the employment of Filipino workers abroad and the consequent economic benefits, while ensuring safe and decent conditions for the workers, through a variety of measures, including regulating the recruitment industry, training migrants through specific programmes, supervising the terms and conditions in the labour contract, and making available a system of redress for victimised migrants. These objectives are reached through the national migration policy. However, the national policy has inherent limitations, both in terms of design, implementation and reach, as the outreach of the Philippine government while migrants are abroad is limited to diplomatic and other services. For this reason, the Philippines has engaged both in bilateral and multilateral cooperation. This paper, after presenting the development of migration from the Philippines at the three policy levels, will briefly assess the efficacy of such policies, using indicators, such as growth of migration flows and coverage, to conclude that all three levels must be pursued, with some preference for the bilateral approach within a multilateral framework.

Affiliations: 1: Scalabrini Migration Center


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Abella Manolo I. "“Policies and Best Practices for the Management of Temporary Labor Migration”" 2006 International Conference on International Migration and Development Turin
2. Agunias D. R. , Ruiz N. "“Protecting Overseas Workers: Lessons and Cautions from the Philippines”" Insight 2007 Washington D.C. Migration Policy Institute
3. Solon Ardittis , Laczko Frank Ardittis S. , Laczko F. "“Conclusions”" Assessing the Costs and Impacts of Migration Policy: An International Comparison 2008 Geneva IOM and EurAsylum
4. Asis Maruja M. B. "“The Philippines”" Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 2008 Vol 17 349 378
5. Battistella Graziano Carino B. "“The Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995 and Migration Management”" Filipino Workers on the Move: Trends, Dilemmas and Policy Options 1998 Quezon City Philippine Migration Research Network 81 113
6. Battistella Graziano , Asis Maruja M. B. "“Protecting Filipino Transnational Domestic Workers: Government Regulations and Their Outcomes”" 2011 PIDS Discussion Paper Series No. 2011–12
7. Bobeva D. , Garson J.-P. "“Overview of Bilateral Agreements and Other Forms of Labour Recruitment”" Migration for Employment: Bilateral Agreements at a Crossroads 2004 Paris OCED
8. Cachón Lorenzo Geronimi E. , Cachón L. , Texido E. "“Los acuerdos bilaterales celebrados por España con Ecuador y Colombia”" Estudios sobre Micraciónes Internacionales 66 2004 Geneva ILO “Acuerdos bilateral de migración de mano de obra: Estudio de casos”
9. Caritas/Migrantes Dossier Statistico Immigrazione 2011
10. Castles Stephen "“The Factors that Make and Unmake Migration Policies”" International Migration Review 2004 Vol 38 3 852 884
11. Center for Migrant Advocacy Bilateral Labour Agreements and Social Security Agreements. Forging Partnership to Protect Filipino Migrant Workers’ Rights 2010 Quezon City Center for Migrant Advocacy
12. Cornelius Wayne A. , Ronseblum Marc R. "“Immigration and Politics”" 2004 The Center for Comparative Immigration Studies Working Paper No. 105. University of California-San Diego
13. Fischer Frank Evaluating Public Policy 1995 Wadsworth Publishing
14. Garson Jean-Pierre "“Bilateral Agreements and Other Forms of Labour Recruitment: Some Lessons from OECD Countries’ Experiences”" 2006 Presentation at the JIPLT Workshop on International Migration and Labour Market in Asia 17 February 2006 Tokyo, Japan
15. Geronimi Eduardo "“Acuerdo bilaterales de migración de mano de obra: Modo de empleo”" Estudios sobre Migraciónes Internacionales 65 2004 Geneva ILO
16. Go Stella P. "“Asian Labour Migration. The Role of Bilateral Labour and Similar Agreements”" 2007 Paper presented at the Regional Informal Workshop on Labour Migration in Southeast Asia: What Role for Parliaments 21–23 September 2007 Manila
17. IOM (International Organization for Migration) Labour Migration from Colombo Process Countries. Good Practices, Challenges and Way Forward 2011 Geneva ILO
18. Kneebone Susan Y. "“The Governance of Labor Migration in South East Asia”" Global Governance 2010 Vol 16 383 396
19. Ruhs Martin , Martin Philip L. "“Numbers vs. Rights: Trade-Offs and Guest Worker Programs”" International Migration Review 2008 Vol 42 1 249 265
20. Theodoulou Stella Z. , Cahn Matthew A. Public Policy. The Essential Reading 1995 Upper Saddle River, NJ Prentice Hall
21. Titlebaum Michael "“The Role of the State in International Migration”" The Brown Journal of World Affairs 2002 Vol 8 2 157 167
22. UN DESA Population Division International Migration Report 2006: A Global Assessment 2009 New York UN DESA
23. van Selm Joanne Solon Ardittis , Laczko Frank "“How is Migration Policy Evaluated?”" Assessing the Costs and Impacts of Migration Policy: An International Comparison 2008 Geneva IOM and EurAsylum
24. Waddington Claire "“International Migration Policies in Asia. A synthesis of ILO and other literature on policies seeking to manage the recruitment and protection of migrants, and facilitate remittances and their investment”" 2003 Paper presented at the Regional Conference on Migration, Development and Pro-Poor Policy Choices in Asia 22–24 June 2003 Dhaka
25. Wickramasekara Piyasiri "“Labour Migration in Asia. Role of Bilateral Agreements and MOUs”" 2006 ILO presentation at the JIPLT Workshop on International Migration and Labour Market in Asia 17 February 2006 Tokyo
26. Zolberg Aristide R. Charles Hirschman , Kasinitz Philip , DeWind Josh "“Matters of State: Theorizing Immigration Policy”" The Handbook of International Migration. The American Experience 1999 New York Russell Sage Foundation 71 93

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Asian Journal of Social Science — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation