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Jindou: A Musical Form Found in Southern Song 
Lyric Songs

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By introducing a newly-discovered manuscript copy of the lyric song anthology of the poet-musician Jiang Kui (1155–1221), this article aims to elucidate a hitherto unnoticed musical form of the genre: the jindou form. A comparison between the manuscript and all the early modern editions reveals discrepancies in the stanzaic divisions of four of Jiang’s seventeen songs for which he provided notation. Through musical analysis it is argued that the opening line of the second stanza in all the early modern editions may have been intentionally placed at the end of the first in the newly-discovered manuscript in order to remind the singer of the jindou form, in which the cadential notes of the first stanza immediately repeat at the beginning of the second. Therefore, these “unusual” stanzaic divisions are not mistakes, but indications of conventional performance practice in the Southern Song dynasty as dictated by musical factors.
S’appuyant sur une copie manuscrite récemment découverte de l’anthologie de poèmes chantés du poète et musicien Jiang Kui (1155–1221), cet article s’attache à élucider une forme musicale propre à ce genre et à laquelle on n’a jamais prêté attention : la forme jindou. La comparaison entre ce manuscrit et l’ensemble des éditions de la fin de la période impériale révèle des différences dans la division strophique de quatre poèmes de Jiang sur les dix-sept pour lesquels la notation musicale est fournie. L’analyse musicale permet d’établir que le premier vers de la seconde strophe dans toutes les éditions de la fin de l’empire a été délibérément placé à la fin de la première strophe dans le nouveau manuscrit, ce afin de rappeler au chanteur la forme jindou, dans laquelle les notes cadentielles de la première strophe sont immédiatement répétées au début de la seconde. Cette division inhabituelle entre strophes n’est donc pas le résultat d’une erreur: elle signale ce qui était le mode d’exécution conventionnel, basé sur des facteurs purement musicaux, à l’époque des Song du Sud.

Affiliations: 1: The University of Hong Kong


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