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Qing Tribute Relations with Đại Việt (Vietnam)
and Siam (Thailand), 1700-1820

image of T'oung Pao

This article describes the main lines of relations between the Qing and two neighbors, Đại Việt (Vietnam) and Siam (Thailand), ca. 1700-1820. It argues that the tribute system was not a “fossil” of Qing pretensions and meaningless ceremonies but a functional matrix for adjustment to changing realities. It cites archival sources in Beijing and Taipei that will repay further detailed study. 

Cet article décrit les principaux canaux de communication entre les Qing et deux de leurs voisins, le Đại Việt (Vietnam) et le Siam (Thaïlande), pendant les années 1700-1820 approximativement. Il est démontré que le système tributaire, loin d’être une représentation fossilisée des prétentions des Qing et de se limiter à un ensemble de cérémonies dénuées de sens, constituait une matrice fonctionnelle permettant de s’adapter à des réalités changeantes. Les sources citées, extraites des archives conservées à Pékin et à Taipei, devraient permettre de poursuivre l’enquête de manière fructueuse.

Affiliations: 1: University of Southern California


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