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On the Corean, Aïno and Fusang Writings By

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I. The Writings. - § 1. Was the writing of Fusang in A.D. 499 the Corean-Aïno character? - 2. Misstatement of Klaproth that the Corean syllabary was invented in A.D. 374. - 3. Introduction of Buddhism from N. China in Kokourye, A.D. 372. - 4. Introduction of Chinese literature in Paik-tjyei, A.D. 374. - 5. Chinese learning from Paik-tjyei introduced in Japan, A.D. 405. --6. Invention of the Corean Alphabet in Sin-ra, A.D. 681. - 7. A cursive form of the Corean character made into Japan, A.D. 683. - 8. Improvement of the Corean Ön-moun syllabary, A.D. 1456. - 9. Further improvement in A.D. 1777. - 10. The Corean alphabet of 25 characters must have been imitated from an Indian model later than 600 A.D. II. The Historical surroundings. - § 11. Buddhist propagandism with China. - 12. The Former Ts'in, who are Buddhist become conterminous with Corea in A.D. 370. - 13. The old Chinese influence had not extended to the south in Corea.- 14. The Northern Wei, hostile at first, favour Buddhism after 445 A.D. - 15. Buddhism extended to Fusang in 458 A.D.- 16. Buddhism introduced into Sinra, A.D. 521. - 17. I-tsing's record of Chinese and Corean pilgrims. - 19. Their return from India and Tibet explains the Indo-Tibetan resemblance of the Corean writing. III. The Pre-corean writing of the Aïnos. - § 20. The Corean characters invented only in A.D. 681 cannot be those mentioned in A.D. 499. - 21. The Aino marks are mixed of Corean letters and Ya-jirushi symbols. - 22. These symbols are not a writing. - 23. The older writing might be that of the undeciphered inscriptions of Oturanai (Yezo).


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