Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Full Access The “Seven Eyes” of Zech 3:9 and the Meaning of the Dual Form*

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

The “Seven Eyes” of Zech 3:9 and the Meaning of the Dual Form*

  • PDF
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Vetus Testamentum

AbstractThe so-called “dual” form, when it occurs with parts of the body naturally occurring in pairs such as hands and eyes, is not dual in meaning as commonly supposed, but rather plural. This explains why the phrase in Zech 3:9 means “seven eyes” and not, as occasionally suggested, “seven pairs of eyes.” This “dual-form plural” is only rarely used where terms for body parts are extended to other objects, making it unlikely that means either “facets” or “springs.”

Affiliations: 1: University of Cambridge, Email: ct335@cam.ac.uk

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/156853311x580662
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Bar-Asher Elitzur Avraham "“Dual Pronouns in Semitics and an Evaluation of the Evidence for their Existence in Biblical Hebrew.”" ANES 2009 Vol 46 32 49
2. Barr James The Semantics of Biblical Language 1961 Oxford Oxford University Press
3. Bauer Hans , Leander Pontus Historische Grammatik der hebräischen Sprache des Alten Testamentes 1922 Halle Niemeyer With a contribution by Paul Kahle
4. Bergman Nava The Cambridge Biblical Hebrew Workbook: Introductory Level 2005 Cambridge Cambridge University Press Translation of Bibelhebreiska för Nybörjare: Övningsbok. Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2000 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139165211
5. Blanc Haim "“Dual and Pseudo-Dual in the Arabic Dialects.”" Language 1970 Vol 46 42 57 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/412406
6. Blau Joshua " A Grammar of Christian Arabic: Based Mainly on South-Palestinian Texts from the First Millennium " CSCO Subsidia 27-29 1966-67 Louvain Secrétariat du CorpusSCO
7. Blau Joshua The Emergence and Linguistic Background of Judaeo-Arabic: A Study of the Origins of Middle Arabic 1981 2d ed. Jerusalem Ben-Zvi Institute
8. Blau Joshua "“On the Alleged Vestiges of Dual Pronouns and Verbs in Biblical Hebrew” [in Hebrew]" Leš 1988 Vol 52 165 168
9. Blau Joshua " Phonology and Morphology of Biblical Hebrew: An Introduction " Linguistic Studies in Ancient West Semitic 2 2010 Winona Lake Eisenbrauns
10. Boda Mark J. " Haggai, Zechariah " NIVAC 2004 Grand Rapids Zondervan
11. Brockelmann Carl Hebräische Syntax 1956 Neukirchen Buchhandlung des Erziehungsvereins
12. Brown Francis , Driver S. R. , Briggs Charles A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament: With an Appendix Containing the Biblical Aramaic 1906 Oxford Oxford University Press
13. Cross Frank Moore Jr. , Freedman David Noel " Studies in Ancient Yahwistic Poetry " SBLDS 21 1975 Missoula, Mont. Scholars Press
14. Davies Graham I. Ancient Hebrew Inscriptions: Corpus and Concordance 1991 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
15. Elliger Karl " Das Buch der zwölf kleinen Propheten II: Die Propheten Nahum, Habakuk, Zephanja, Haggai, Sacharja, Maleachi " ATD 25 1982 7th ed. Göttingen Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
16. Fink Elias "“Essai d’explication d’un passage du Lévitique (XI, 20 et 23).”" REJ 1912 Vol 63 121 123
17. Fontinoy Charles " Le duel dans les langues sémitiques " BFPUL 179 1969 Paris Les Belles Lettres
18. Futato Mark D. Beginning Biblical Hebrew 2003 Winona Lake, Ind. Eisenbrauns
19. Gesenius Wilhelm , Meyer D. Rudolf , Donner Herbert Hebräisches und aramäisches Handwörterbuch über das Alte Testament 1987-2010 18th ed. Berlin Springer 6 vols.
20. Ginsberg H. L. "Review of Zellig S. Harris, Development of the Canaanite Dialects: An Investigation in Linguistic History " Journal of Biblical Literature 1940 Vol 59 546 551 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3262423
21. Glinert Lewis "“The Suffix -ayim: A Case of Lexico-Syntactic Homonymy” [in Hebrew]." Hebrew Computational Linguistics 1976 Vol 10 1 16
22. Glinert Lewis The Grammar of Modern Hebrew 1989 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
23. Hackett Jo Ann A Basic Introduction to Biblical Hebrew 2010 Peabody, Mass. Hendrickson
24. Hanhart Robert " Dodekapropheton 7.1: Sacharja 1-8 " BKAT 14/7.1 1998 Neukirchen-Vluyn Neukirchener Verlag
25. Hoonacker A. van " Les douze petits prophètes " ÉtB 1908 Paris Gabalda
26. Hostetter Edwin C. " An Elementary Grammar of Biblical Hebrew " Biblical Languages: Hebrew 1 2000 Sheffield Sheffield Academic Press
27. Joüon Paul , Muraoka T. " A Grammar of Biblical Hebrew " SubBi 27 2006 Rev. ed. Rome Pontifical Biblical Institute
28. Kautzsch Emil Cowley A. E. Gesenius’ Hebrew Grammar 1910 2d English ed. Oxford Oxford University Press
29. Kelley Page H. Biblical Hebrew: An Introductory Grammar 1992 Grand Rapids Eerdmans
30. Klein George L. " Zechariah " NAC 21B 2008 Nashville Broadman & Holman
31. Köhler Ludwig , Baumgartner Walter , Stamm Johann Jakob Richardson M. E. J. The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament 1994-2000 Leiden Brill 5 vols.
32. Lambdin Thomas O. Introduction to Biblical Hebrew 1973 London Darton, Longman and Todd
33. Le Déaut R. , Robert J. " Targum des Chroniques (Cod. Vat. Urb. Ebr. 1) " Texte et glossaire 1971 Vol vol. 2 Rome Biblical Institute Press AnBib 51
34. Lipiński Edward "“Recherches sur le livre de Zacharie.”" VT 1970 Vol 20 25 55
35. Lipiński Edward " Semitic Languages: Outline of a Comparative Grammar " OLA 80 1997 Leuven Peeters
36. McComiskey Thomas Edward McComiskey Thomas Edward "“Zechariah.”" Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi 1998 Vol Vol. 3 of The Minor Prophets: An Exegetical and Expository Commentary Grand Rapids Baker 1003 1244
37. Merwe Christo H. J. van der , Naudé Jackie A. , Kroeze Jan H. " A Biblical Hebrew Reference Grammar " Biblical Languages: Hebrew 3 1999 Sheffield Sheffield Academic
38. Meyers Carol L. , Meyers Eric M. " Haggai, Zechariah 1-8: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary " AB 25B 1987 Garden City, N.Y. Doubleday
39. Milgrom Jacob " Leviticus 1-16: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary " AB 3 1991 New York Doubleday
40. Mitchell Hinckley G. Mitchell Hinckley G. , Smith John Merlin Powis , Bewer Julius A. " A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on Haggai and Zechariah " A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi and Jonah 1912 Edinburgh T&T Clark 1 362 ICC
41. Nöldeke Theodor Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft 1904 Strasbourg Trübner
42. Péter-Contesse René " Lévitique 1-16 " CAT 3a 1993 Geneva Labor et Fides
43. Petersen David L. " Haggai and Zechariah 1-8: A Commentary " OTL 1984 Philadelphia Westminster Press
44. Petitjean Albert " Les oracles du Proto-Zacharie: Un programme de restauration pour la communauté juive après l’exil " ÉtB 1969 Paris Gabalda
45. Petterson Anthony " Behold Your King: The Hope for the House of David in the Book of Zechariah " LHBOTS 513 2009 New York T&T Clark
46. Porten Bezalel Archives from Elephantine: The Life of an Ancient Jewish Military Colony 1968 Berkeley University of California Press
47. Pratico Gary D. , Van Pelt Miles V. Basics of Biblical Hebrew 2001 Grand Rapids Zondervan
48. Redditt Paul L. " Haggai, Zechariah, and Malachi " NCB 1995 London Marshall Pickering
49. Rendsburg Gary A. "“Dual Personal Pronouns and Dual Verbs in Hebrew.”" JQR 1982 Vol 73 38 58 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1454459
50. Rendsburg Gary A. "“Once More the Dual: With Replies to J. Blau and J. Blenkinsopp.”" ANES 2001 Vol 38 28 41
51. Renz Johannes Renz Johannes , Röllig Wolfgang " Die althebräischen Inschriften, Teil 1: Text und Kommentar " Handbuch der althebräischen Epigraphik 1995 Vol Vol. 1 Darmstadt Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft
52. Rignell Lars Gösta Die Nachtgesichte des Sacharja: Eine exegetische Studie 1950 Lund Gleerup
53. Rosén Haiim B. A Textbook of Israeli Hebrew: With an Introduction to Classical Language 1962 Chicago University of Chicago Press
54. Ross Allen P. Introducing Biblical Hebrew 2001 Grand Rapids Baker Academic
55. Rudolph Wilhelm " Haggai, Sacharja 1-8, Sacharja 9-14, Maleachi " KAT 13:4 1976 Gütersloh Mohn
56. Schaper Joachim " Priester und Leviten im achämenidischen Juda: Studien zur Kult- und Sozialgeschichte Israels in persischer Zeit " FAT 31 2000 Tübingen Mohr Siebeck
57. Seow Choon-Leong A Grammar for Biblical Hebrew 1995 Rev. ed. Nashville Abingdon
58. Sivan Daniel "“The Gezer Calendar and Northwest Semitic Linguistics.”" IEJ 1998 Vol 48 101 105
59. Soggin J. Alberto Bowden John " Judges " OTL 1987 2d ed. London SCM Press
60. Sperber Alexander " The Latter Prophets According to Targum Jonathan " The Bible in Aramaic: Based on Old Manuscripts and Printed Texts 1962 Vol Vol. 3 Leiden Brill
61. Steiner Richard C. Hetzron Robert "“Ancient Hebrew.”" The Semitic Languages 1997 London Routledge 145 173
62. Sukenik E. L. "“Paralipomena Palaestinensia.”" JPOS 1934 Vol 14 178 184
63. Sweeney Marvin A. " Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi " The Twelve Prophets 2000 Vol Vol. 2 Collegeville, Minn. Liturgical Press Berit Olam
64. Tidiman Brian " Le livre de Zacharie " CEB 1996 Vaux-sur-Seine Edifac
65. Tiemeyer Lena-Sofia Tuckett Christopher "“The Guilty Priesthood (Zech 3).”" The Book of Zechariah and Its Influence 2003 Aldershot Ashgate 1 19
66. Tropper Josef "“Dualische Personalpronomina und Verbalformen im Althebräischen.”" ZAH 1992 Vol 5 201 208
67. Tropper Josef "“Nominativ Dual *yariḥauim Gezer-Kalender.”" ZAH 1993 Vol 6 228 231
68. VanderKam James C. "“Joshua the High Priest and the Interpretation of Zechariah 3.”" CBQ 1991 Vol 53 553 570
69. Waltke Bruce K. , O’Connor Michael P. An Introduction to Biblical Hebrew Syntax 1990 Winona Lake, Ind. Eisenbrauns
70. Weingreen J. A Practical Grammar for Classical Hebrew 1939 Oxford Oxford University Press
71. Wellhausen Julius Die kleinen Propheten übersetzt und erklärt 1898 3d ed. Berlin Reimer
72. Wenham Gordon J. " The Book of Leviticus " NICOT 1979 Grand Rapids Eerdmanns
73. Willi-Plein " Haggai, Sacharja, Maleachi " ZBK AT 24.4 2007 Zürich Theologischer Verlag
74. Williams Ronald J. , Beckman John C. Williams’ Hebrew Syntax 2007 3d ed. Toronto University of Toronto Press
75. Williamson H. G. M. "“The Governors of Judah under the Persians (The Tyndale Biblical Archaeology Lecture 1987).”" TynBul 1988 Vol 39 59 82
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/156853311x580662
Loading
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/156853311x580662
2012-01-01
2016-12-10

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation