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Logic in Salamanca in the Fifteenth CenturyThe Tractatus Suppositionum Terminorum by Master Franquera

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Abstract This paper looks into the contents of the Tractatus suppositionum terminorum by Master Franquera, in the context of the teaching of logic in Salamanca (and elsewhere in Spain) in the fifteenth century. Franquera’s work is characterised by its explicit realist bias and its rejection of Ockhamist theses, i.e., by its recognition of the existence of a natura communis or a universale in re, which is evident in all discussions related to suppositio simplex and the theory of significatio. But, apart from this, Franquera’s discussion of the theory of suppositio stands out as a strange mixture of different doctrines: some of them are derived from thirteenth-century (or earlier) analyses, others from fourteenth-century developments; realist goals are reached by means of instruments that, while not being nominalist, are definitely inspired by terminism. While upholding the theses of realist schools, Franquera adopts the definitions and rules of nominalist authors.

Affiliations: 1: Universidad Complutense Madrid


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