Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Facilitating Religious Environmentalism: Ethnology Plus Conservation Psychology Tools Can Assess an Interfaith Environmental Intervention

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Reliance on a limited number of methodologies may be distorting scholarship in religious environmentalism. This article describes a religious environmental educational intervention, uses a qualitative ethnological approach to describe the response of local congregations to this intervention, and uses a quasi-experimental, quantitative psychological methodology to assess the impact of this intervention on the behavior of religious congregational leaders. This article reports the impact of the Living Ocean Initiative, a ten-month interfaith envi­ronmental outreach intervention that engaged forty-nine diverse religious congregations and their leaders in California 2006-2007. This study indicates the value of studying religious environmental interventions, and suggests that carefully designed interventions may be able to increase religious environmentalism. It found that religious leaders were more inclined to engage in personal pro-environmental behavior within their congregations than pro-environmental behavior in the political realm. This study reports expressions of religious environmentalism at the congregational scale. It suggests that the potential of religious environmentalism to transform environmental beliefs and politics proposed by scholars and religious leaders may be unrealistic, yet it does demonstrate impacts of an intervention on pro-environmental behavior, thus clarifying some of the ambiguity in past correlational studies, and suggesting that religious environmentalism can help foster a more sustainable society.


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Boyd H.H. 1999. “ "Christianity and the Environment in the American Public".” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion Vol 38. 1: 3644.
2. Brook A.T. , Fleming M.A. , Garcia J.A. , Konik J. 2010. “ "Identity Strength: When Who You Are Predicts What You Do".” Unpublished Manuscript, Santa Clara University.
3. Brook A.T. , Garcia J. , Fleming M. 2008. “ "The Effects of Multiple Identities on Psychological Well-Being".” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin , Vol 34. 12: 15881600.
4. Christiansen D. ,, SJ and Grazer W. (eds). 1996. “And God Saw That It Was Good”: Catholic Theology and the Environment . United States Catholic Conference, Washington DC.
5. Clayton S. , 2003. “ "Environmental Identity: A Conceptual and an Operational Definition"” in Clayton S. , Opotow S. (eds) Identity and the Natural Environment . Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 4565.
6. Clayton S. , Brook A.T. 2005. “ "Can Psychology Help Save the World? A Model for Conservation Psychology".” Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy , Vol 5: 115.
7. Clayton S. , Myers G. , 2009. Conservation Psychology: Understanding and Promoting Human Care for Nature . Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell.
8. Ellemers N. , Spears R. , Doosje B. 2002. ‘ "Self and Social Identity".” Annual Review of Psychology Vol 53: 161186.
9. Feldman D.L. , Moseley L. 2003. “ "Faith-Based Environmental Initiatives in Appalachia: Connecting Faith, Environmental Concern and Reform".” Worldviews: Global Religions, Culture, and Ecology Vol 7.3: 227252.
10. Gallup Poll , 1999. "Environmental Concern Wanes in 1999 Earth Day Poll". April 22, (accessed Sept 17, 2010).
11. Gottlieb R.S. 2006a. A Greener Faith: Religious Environmentalism and Our Planet’s Future . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
12. ———. 2006b. “ "Introduction: Religion and Ecology―What Is the Connection and Why Does It Matter?"” in Gottlieb R.S. (ed), The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Ecology . New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 324.
13. Kanagy C.L. , Willits F.K. 1993. “ "A ‘Greening’ of Religion? Some Evidence from a Pennsylvania Sample".” Social Science Quarterly Vol 74. 3: 674683.
14. Kempton W. , Holland D.C. , 2003. “ "Identity and Sustained Environmental Practice"” in Clayton S. , Opotow S. (eds) Identity and the Natural Environment . Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 317341.
15. McFarland Taylor S. 2007. Green Sisters: A Spiritual Ecology . Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
16. Opotow S. , Brook A. , 2003. “ "Identity and Exclusion in Rangeland Conflict"” in Clayton S. and O. S. (eds) Identity and the Natural Environment . Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 249272.
17. Proctor J.D. , Berry E. , 2005. “ "Social Science on Religion and Nature"” in Taylor B.R. (ed) Encyclopedia of Religion Nature and Culture . New York: Continuum, pp. 15711576.
18. Religion, Science and the Environment, 2009. "What Is Religion, Science and the Environment?" (accessed 15 September, 2010).
19. Saunders C.D. , Brook A.T. , Myers O.E. 2006. “ "Using Psychology to Save Biodiversity and Human Well-Being".” Conservation Biology Vol 20: 702705.
20. Schultz P.W. , Zelezny L. 2003. “ "Reframing Environmental Messages To Be Congruent with American Values".” Human Ecology Review Vol 10.2: 126136.
21. Shellenberger M. , Nordhaus T. 2005. “ "The Death of Environmentalism: Global Warming Politics in a Post-Environmental World".” The Breakthrough Institute, (accessed January 29, 2010, Oakland).
22. Shibley M.A. , Wiggins J.L. 1997. “ "The Greening of Mainline American Religion: A Sociological Analysis of the Environmental Ethics of the National Religious Partnership for the Environment".” Social Compass Vol 44.3: 333348.
23. Smith A.M. , Pulver S. 2009. “ "Ethics-Based Environmentalism in Practice: Religious-Environmental Organizations in The United States".” Worldviews: Global Religions, Culture, and Ecology Vol 13: 145179.
24. Somplatsky-Jarman W. , Grazer W. , LeQuire S.L. , 2000. “ "Partnership for the Environment Among U.S. Christians: Reports from the National Religious Partnership for the Environment"” in Hessel D.T. , Ruether R.R. (eds), Christianity and Ecology: Seeking the Well-Being of Earth and Humans . Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 573590.
25. Swim J. , et al. 2010. “ "Psychology and Global Climate Change: Addressing a Multifaceted Phenomenon and Set of Challenges".” American Psychological Association (accessed July 28, 2010, Washington, D.C).
26. Tajfel H. , Turner J.C. , 1986. “ "The Social Identity Theory of Intergroup Behavior"” in Worchel S. , Austin W. (eds), Psychology of Intergroup Relations . Chicago: Nelson Hall, pp. 724.
27. Taylor B.R. , 2005. “ "Environmental Ethics"” in Taylor B.R. (ed), The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature . New York: Continuum, pp. 597608.
28. Tucker M.E. 1997. “ "The Emerging Alliance of Religion and Ecology".” Worldviews: Global Religions, Culture, and Ecology , Vol 1: 324.
29. ———. 2006c. “ "Religion and Ecology: Survey of the Field"” in Gottlieb R.S. (ed), The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Ecology . London: Oxford University Press.
30. Warner K.D. , OFM. 2008. “ "The Greening of American Catholicism: Identity, Conversion and Continuity".” Religion and American Culture: A Journal of Interpretation Vol 8. 1: 113142.
31. Zavestoski S. , 2003. “ "Constructing and Maintaining Ecological Identities: The Strategies of Deep Ecologists"” in: Clayton S. , Opotow S. (eds) Identity and the Natural Environment.Cambridge: MIT Press.

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Worldviews: Global Religions, Culture, and Ecology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation