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Utterly Incapacitated

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The Neglected Meaning of ΠΑΡΕΣΙΣ in Romans 3:251

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AbstractThis article considers the appropriate translation of πάρεσις in Romans 3:25, which is the only attestation of the word in the Greek Bible. The author argues that “incapacitation” should be considered as an appropriate translation based on the use of the term in other authors of the Hellenistic period, especially the medical writer Aretaeus of Cappadocia. Although some have mentioned “paralysis” as a possible meaning of πάρεσις in scholarly articles and monographs, no one has given serious consideration to understanding the term in this way or how such an understanding might align with Paul’s larger argument.

Affiliations: 1: Atlanta, GA


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