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Einheitliches ἀλέκτωρ + φωνέω für den Hahnenschrei im Neuen Testament?

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Das Kompositum ἀλεκτοροφωνία in Mt 26:34 v.l. und 26:75 v.l.

image of Novum Testamentum

The four canonical gospels present the consistent sequence ἀλέκτωρ + φωνέω for the cock’s crow in Peter’s actual denial and its prediction by Jesus. The compound ἀλεκτοροφωνία in Mark 13:35 is the only alternative lexeme for the cock’s crow and, due to its single occurrence in the Greek Bible a hapax legomenon. In this study I follow up the variae lectiones in Matt 26:34 and 26:75, where the compound is backed by considerable and distinguished textual witnesses. By means of a validation of the attestation of these variae lectiones in the established critical editions of the New Testament it will be shown that their representation is often insufficient and incomplete. A speculative scenario will be created on the basis of the quality of the attestation of ἀλεκτοροφωνία in Matt 26:34 and 26:75 in order to make the compound plausible as the original reading. In addition, all this relativizes the importance and validity of the term hapax legomenon.

Affiliations: 1: Regensburg & Bloemfontein


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