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The Use of Memory in the Old Testament Quotations in John’s Gospel

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The variances of the Old Testament quotations in John’s gospel from their source texts have been explained as John’s theological re-appropriation of these sources. However, this paper identifies within these variations what David Carr calls “memory variants,” ultimately showing that John was recalling the OT from memory. Furthermore, the verbatim quotations are usually taken from Psalms, which contain poetic constraints that enhance memory recall. These observations correspond strongly to the fact that the gospel of John, like other ancient documents, was produced in a culture that was predominately oral, wherein the handing on of tradition depended primarily on memorization.

Affiliations: 1: The Catholic University of America Washington dcUSA 63montanaro@cua.edu

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/content/journals/10.1163/15685365-12341560
2017-03-09
2017-11-24

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