Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Corpses, Maggots, Poodles and Rats: Emotional Selection Operating in Three Phases of Cultural Transmission of Urban Legends

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Cognition and Culture

AbstractIn one conception of cultural evolution, the evolutionary success of cultural units that are transmitted from individual to individual is determined by forces of cultural selection. Here we argue that it is helpful to distinguish between several distinct phases of the transmission process in which cultural selection can operate, such as a choose-to-receive phase, an encode-and-retrieve phase, and a choose-to-transmit phase. Here we focus on emotional selection in cultural transmission of urban legends, which has previously been shown to operate in the choose-to-transmit phase. In a series of experiments we studied serial transmission of stories based on urban legends manipulated to be either high or low on disgusting content. Results supported emotional selection operating in all three phases of cultural transmission. Thus, the prevalence of disgusting urban legends in North America may be explained by emotional selection through a multitude of pathways.

Affiliations: 1: Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution, Stockholm UniversityWallenberglab., SE-10691 StockholmSchool of Education, Communication and Culture, Mälardalen UniversityVästeråsSweden; 2: Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution, Stockholm UniversityWallenberglab., SE-10691 StockholmSwedenDepartment of Psychology, University of SussexBrightonUK

10.1163/15685373-12342107
/content/journals/10.1163/15685373-12342107
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685373-12342107
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Andrade E. B. , Cohen J. B. "On the consumption of negative feelings" Journal of Consumer Research 2007 Vol 34 283 300 http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/519498
2. Bangerter A. "Transformation between scientific and social representations of conception: The method of serial reproduction" British Journal of Social Psychology 2000 Vol 39 521 535 http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/014466600164615
3. Barrett J. L. , Nyhof M. A. "Spreading non-natural concepts: The role of intuitive conceptual structures in memory and transmission of cultural materials" Journal of Cognition and Culture 2001 Vol 1 69 100 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853701300063589
4. Bartlett F. C. " Remembering: A study in experimental and social psychology " 1932 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
5. Baumeister R. F. , Vohs K. D. , DeWall C. N. , Zhang L. "How emotion shapes behavior: Feedback, anticipation, and reflection, rather than direct causation" Personality and Social Psychology Review 2007 Vol 11 167 203 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1088868307301033
6. Berger J. "Arousal increases social transmission of information" Psychological Science 2011 Vol 22 891 893 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797611413294
7. Bower G. H. Christianson S.A. "How might emotions affect learning?" The Handbook of Emotion and Memory 1992 Hillsdale, NJ Lawrence Erlbaum Associates 3 31
8. Boyer P. " Religion explained: The human instincts that fashion gods, spirits and ancestors " 2001 London Vintage
9. Buhrmester M. D. , Kwang T. , Gosling S. D. "Amazon’s Mechanical Turk: A new source of inexpensive, yet high-quality, data?" Perspectives on Psychological Science 2011 Vol 6 3 5 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691610393980
10. Carlson K. A. "The impact of humor on memory: Is the humor effect about humor?" Humor 2011 Vol 24 21 41 http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/humr.2011.002
11. Curtis V. A. "Dirt, disgust and disease: a natural history of hygiene" Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2007 Vol 61 660 664 http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.2007.062380
12. Dawkins R. " The selfish gene " 1976 New York, NY Oxford University Press
13. Dennett D. " Darwin’s dangerous idea " 1995 New York, NY Simon & Schuster
14. Droney M. L. , Cucchiara S. M. , Scipione A. M. "Pupil preferences for titles and stories in basal readers for the intermediate grades" Journal of Educational Research 1953 Vol 47 271 277 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00220671.1953.10882106
15. Eriksson K. , Simpson B. "Emotional reactions to losing explain gender differences in entering a risky lottery" Judgment and Decision Making 2010 Vol 5 159 163
16. Eskine K. J. , Kacinik N. A. , Prinz J. J. "A bad taste in the mouth: Gustatory disgust influences moral judgment" Psychological Science 2011 Vol 22 295 299 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797611398497
17. Fahy T. " The Philosophy of Horror " 2010 Lexington, KY University of Kentucky Press
18. Heath C. , Bell C. , Sternberg E. "Emotional selection in memes: The case of urban legends" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2001 Vol 81 1028 1041 http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.81.6.1028
19. Ifantidou E. "Newspaper headlines and relevance: Ad hoc concepts in ad hoc contexts" Journal of Pragmatics 2009 Vol 41 699 720 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2008.10.016
20. Kardes F. R. Wyer R. S. , Srull T. K. "Consumer judgment and decision processes" Handbook of Social Cognition 1994 Vol Vol. 2 Hillsdale, NJ Lawrence Erlbaum Associates 399 466
21. Kashima Y. "Maintaining cultural stereotypes in the serial reproduction of narratives" Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 2000 Vol 26 594 604 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167200267007
22. Kashima Y. , Yeung V. W. L. "Serial reproduction: An experimental simulation of cultural dynamics" Acta Psychologica Sinica 2010 Vol 42 56 71 http://dx.doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2010.00056
23. Kelly D. , Machery E. , Mallon R. , Mason K. , Stich S. "The role of psychology in the study of culture" Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2006 Vol 29 355 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X06319085
24. Kensinger E. A. , Schacter D. L. Lewis M. , Haviland-Jones J. , Feldman Barrett L. "Memory and Emotion" Handbook of Emotions 2008 third edition New York, NY Guilford Press 601 617
25. Lewis K. , Kaufman J. , Gonzalez M. , Wimmer A. , Christakis N. "Tastes, ties, and time: A new social network dataset using Facebook.com." Social Networks 2008 Vol 30 330 342 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2008.07.002
26. Lyons A. , Kashima Y. "How are stereotypes maintained through communication?" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2003 Vol 85 989 1005 http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.85.6.989
27. Mallon R. , Stich S. "The odd couple: The compatibility of social construction and evolutionary psychology" Philosophy of Science 2000 Vol 67 133 154 http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/392765
28. Martindale C. " A Clockwork Muse: The predictability of artistic change " 1990 New York, NY Basic Books
29. Mason W. , Watts D. "Financial incentives and the “performance of crowds”" HCOMP ’09: Proceedings of the ACM SIGKDD Workshop on Human Computation 2009 77 85 http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1600150.1600175
30. Matchett G. , Davey G. C. L. "A test of a disease avoidance model of animal phobias" Behaviour, Research and Therapy 1991 Vol 29 91 94 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7967(09)80011-9
31. Mather M. , Sutherland M. R. "Arousal-biased competition in perception and memory" Perspectives on Psychological Science 2011 Vol 6 114 133 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691611400234
32. McGaugh J. L. "Memory consolidation and the amygdala: A systems perspective" Trends in Neurosciences 2002 Vol 25 456 461 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0166-2236(02)02211-7
33. McGraw P. A. , Warren C. "Benign violations: Making immoral behavior funny" Psychological Science 2010 Vol 21 1141 1149 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797610376073
34. Mesoudi A. , Whiten A. "The hierarchical transformation of event knowledge in human cultural transmission" Journal of Cognition and Culture 2004 Vol 4 1 24 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853704323074732
35. Mesoudi A. , Whiten A. "The multiple roles of cultural transmission experiments in understanding human cultural evolution" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 2008 Vol 363 3489 3501 http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2008.0129
36. Mesoudi A. , Whiten A. , Dunbar R. "A bias for social information in human cultural transmission" British Journal of Psychology 2006 Vol 97 405 423 http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/000712605X85871
37. Nichols S. "On the genealogy of norms: A case for the role of emotion in cultural evolution" Philosophy of Science 2002 Vol 69 234 255 http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/341051
38. Norenzayan A. , Atran S. , Faulkner J. , Schaller M. "Memory and mystery: the cultural selection of minimally counterintuitive narratives" Cognitive Science 2006 Vol 30 531 553 http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15516709cog0000_68
39. Oaten M. , Stevenson R. J. , Case T. I. "Disgust as a disease-avoidance mechanism" Psychological Bulletin 2009 Vol 135 303 321 http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0014823
40. Oppliger P. A. , Zillmann D. "Disgust in humor: its appeal to adolescents" Humor 1997 Vol 10 421 437 http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/humr.1997.10.4.421
41. Paolacci G. , Chandler J. , Ipeirotis P. G. "Running experiments on Amazon Mechanical Turk" Judgment and Decision Making 2010 Vol 5 411 419
42. Phelps E. A. "Human emotion and memory: interactions of the amygdala and hippocampal complex" Current Opinion in Neurobiology 2004 Vol 14 198 202 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conb.2004.03.015
43. Rimé B. "Emotion elicits the social sharing of emotion: theory and empirical review" Emotion Review 2009 Vol 1 60 85 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1754073908097189
44. Rozin P. , Lowry L. , Imada S. , Haidt J. "The cadtriad hypothesis: A mapping between three moral emotions (contempt, anger and disgust) and three moral codes (community, autonomy and divinity)" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1999 Vol 76 574 586 http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.76.4.574
45. Rozin P. , Lowry L. , Imada S. , Haidt J. , Haidt J. , McCauley C. R. Lewis M. , Haviland-Jones J. , Feldman-Barrett L. "Disgust" Handbook of emotions, 2008a third edition New York, NY Guilford Press 757 776
46. Rozin P. , Lowry L. , Imada S. , Haidt J. , Haidt J. , McCauley C. R. McKay D. , Olatunji O. "Disgust: The body and soul emotion in the 21st century" Disgust and its disorders 2008b Washington, DC American Psychological Association 9 29
47. Rozin P. , Lowry L. , Imada S. , Haidt J. , Haidt J. , McCauley C. R. , Fincher J. "From Oral to Moral" Science 2009 Vol 323 1179 1180 http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1170492
48. Salovey P. , Detweiller-Bedell B. T. , Detweiller-Bedell J. B. , Mayer J. D. Lewis M. , Haviland-Jones J. , Feldman-Barrett L. "Emotional Intelligence" Handbook of emotions 2008 third edition New York, NY Guilford Press 533 547
49. Sanfey A. G. , Rilling J. K. , Aronson J. A. , Nystrom L. E. , Cohen J. D. "The neural basis of economic decision-making in the ultimatum game" Science 2003 Vol 300 1755 1758 http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1082976
50. Schacter D. L. "The seven sins of memory: Insights from psychology and cognitive neuroscience" American Psychologist 1999 Vol 34 182 203 http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.54.3.182
51. Schnall S. , Haidt J. , Clore G. L. , Jordan A. H. "Disgust as embodied moral judgment" Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 2008 Vol 34 1096 1109 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167208317771
52. Schneider S. J. " Horror Film and Psychoanalysis: Freud’s Worst Nightmare " 2004 New York, NY Cambridge University Press
53. Sperber D. " Explaining culture " 1996 Cambridge, MA Blackwell
54. Straube T. , Preissler S. , Lipka J. , Hewig J. , Mentzel H.-J. , Miltner W. H. R. "Neural representation of anxiety and personality during exposure to anxiety-provoking and neutral scenes from scary movies" Human Brain Mapping 2010 Vol 31 36 47 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.20960
55. Tamir M. "What do people want to feel and why? Pleasure and utility in emotion regulation" Current Directions in Psychological Science 2009 Vol 18 101 105 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8721.2009.01617.x
56. Zadny J. , Gerard H. B. "Attributed intentions and informational selectivity" Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 1974 Vol 10 34 52 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-1031(74)90055-9
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15685373-12342107
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685373-12342107
2014-01-30
2018-04-23

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Journal of Cognition and Culture — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation