Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Cross-Cultural Differences in Core Concepts of Humans as a Biological Species

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Cognition and Culture

An intuition that has been identified as a core concept in folkbiological thought (i.e., intuitive notions about the biological world) is the tendency to view humans as one biological species among many. Previous research has shown that in a category-based induction task, children tend to privilege humans as a basis for inferring that multiple species possess similar biological properties, but that culture and experience can affect the development of these anthropocentric tendencies. It has been assumed that anthropocentrism disappears before adulthood, though very little research has been conducted to test this assumption. In the present research, adults studying oriental medicine, western biology, or western psychology completed a category-based induction task as well as a ‘human patient’ task designed to measure cultural differences in concepts of biological processes. The results showed that anthropocentric reasoning still occurs in adulthood and that there are cultural differences in the likelihood to exhibit these tendencies.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, San Diego State University5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182-4611USA

10.1163/15685373-12342119
/content/journals/10.1163/15685373-12342119
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685373-12342119
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Anggoro F. K. , Waxman S. R. , Medin D. L. "Naming practices and the acquisition of key biological concepts – Evidence from English and Indonesian" Psychological Science 2008 Vol 19 314 319 [Crossref]
2. Astuti R. , Solomon G. E. , Carey S. "Constraints on conceptual development: a case study of the acquisition of folkbiological and folksociological knowledge in Madagascar" Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 2004 Vol 69 1 161 [Crossref]
3. Atran S. Cognitive foundations of natural history : towards an anthropology of science 1990 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
4. Atran S. , Medin D. , Lynch E. , Vapnarsky V. , Ek E. U. , Sousa P. "Folkbiology doesn’t come from folkpsychology: evidence from Yukatek Maya in cross-cultural perspective" Journal of Cognition and Culture 2001 Vol 1 3 42 [Crossref]
5. Bailenson J. N. , Shum M. S. , Atran S. , Medin D. L. , Coley J. D. "A bird’s eye view: biological categorization and reasoning within and across cultures" Cognition 2002 Vol 84 1 53 [Crossref]
6. Bang M. , Medin D. L. , Atran S. "Cultural mosaics and mental models of nature" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2007 Vol 104 13868 13874 [Crossref]
7. Berlin B. , Breedlove D. , Raven P. H. "General principles of classification and nomenclature in folk biology" American Anthropologist 1973 Vol 75 214 242 [Crossref]
8. Bloch M. , Solomon G. , Carey S. "Zafimaniry: An understanding of what is passed on from parents to children. A cross-cultural investigation" Journal of Cognition and Culture 2001 Vol 1 43 68 [Crossref]
9. Brown C. H. Language and living things: uniformities in folk classification and naming 1984 New Brunswick, NJ Rutgers University Press
10. Carey S. Conceptual change in childhood 1985 Cambridge, MA MIT Press
11. Coley J. D. , Medin D. L. , Atran S. "Does rank have its privilege? Inductive inferences within folkbiological taxonomies" Cognition 1997 Vol 64 73 112 [Crossref]
12. Evans E. M. "Cognitive and contextual factors in the emergence of diverse belief systems: Creation versus evolution" Cognitive Psychology 2001 Vol 42 217 266 [Crossref]
13. Gelman S. A. The essential child:origins of essentialism in everyday thought 2003 Oxford Oxford University Press
14. Gelman S. A. , Wellman H. M. "Insides and essences – Early understandings of the non-obvious" Cognition 1991 Vol 38 213 244 [Crossref]
15. Hays T. E. "Ndumba folk biology and general-principles of ethnobotanical classification and nomenclature" American Anthropologist 1983 Vol 85 592 611 [Crossref]
16. Herrmann P. , Waxman S. R. , Medin D. L. "Anthropocentrism is not the first step in children’s reasoning about the natural world" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2010 Vol 107 9979 9984 [Crossref]
17. Hirschfeld L. A. , Gelman S. A. Mapping the mind:domain specificity in cognition and culture 1994 Cambridge Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
18. Hunn E. S. Tzeltal folk zoology:the classification of discontinuities in nature 1977 New York, NY Academic Press
19. Inagaki K. , Hatano G. Young children’s naive thinking about the biological world 2002 New York, NY Psychology Press
20. Johnson K. E. , Mervis C. B. , Boster J. S. "Developmental-changes within the structure of the mammal domain" Developmental Psychology 1992 Vol 28 74 83 [Crossref]
21. Johnson S. C. , Solomon G. E. "Why dogs have puppies and cats have kittens: the role of birth in young children’s understanding of biological origins" Child Development 1997 Vol 68 404 419 [Crossref]
22. Keil F. C. Concepts, kinds, and cognitive development 1989 Cambridge, MA MIT Press
23. Medin D. , Waxman S. , Woodring J. , Washinawatok K. "Human-centeredness is not a universal feature of young children’s reasoning: Culture and experience matter when reasoning about biological entities" Cognitive Development 2010 Vol 25 197 207 [Crossref]
24. Medin D. L. , Atran S. "The native mind: biological categorization and reasoning in development and across cultures" Psychological Review 2004 Vol 111 960 983 [Crossref]
25. Nisbett R. E. , Peng K. P. , Choi I. , Norenzayan A. "Culture and systems of thought: Holistic versus analytic cognition" Psychological Review 2001 Vol 108 291 310 [Crossref]
26. Ross N. , Medin D. , Coley J. D. , Atran S. "Cultural and experiential differences in the development of folkbiological induction" Cognitive Development 2003 Vol 18 25 47 [Crossref]
27. Sousa P. , Atran S. , Medin D. "Essentialism and folkbiology: Evidence from Brazil" Journal of Cognition and Culture 2002 Vol 2 195 223 [Crossref]
28. Tarlowski A. "If it’s an animal it has axons: Experience and culture in preschool children’s reasoning about animates" Cognitive Development 2006 Vol 21 249 265 [Crossref]
29. Unsworth S. J. , Levin W. , Bang M. , Washinawatok K. , Waxman S. , Medin D. "Cultural differences in children’s ecological reasoning and psychological closeness to nature: evidence from Menominee and European American children" Journal of Cognition and Culture 2012 Vol 12 17 29 [Crossref]
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15685373-12342119
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685373-12342119
2014-07-24
2017-12-12

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Journal of Cognition and Culture — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation