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Religious-Commitment Signaling and Impression Management amongst Pentecostals: Relationships to Salivary Cortisol and Alpha-Amylase

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Religious-commitment signaling is thought to indicate willingness to cooperate with a religious group. It follows that a desire to signal affiliation and reap concomitant benefits would lend itself to acting in socially desirable ways. Success or failure in such areas, especially where there is conscious intent, should correspond to proximal indicators of well-being, such as psychosocial or biological stress. To test this model, we assessed religious-commitment signaling and socially desirable responding among a sample of Pentecostals with respect to salivary biomarkers of stress and arousal. Results indicate that cortisol levels on worship and non-worship days were significantly influenced by religious-commitment signaling when moderated by impression management, a conscious form of socially desirable responding. No significant influences on salivary alpha-amylase were detected. These findings are important for understanding how religious-commitment signaling mechanisms may influence stress response when moderated by socially desirable responding and the role of communal orientation to psychosocial health.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Anthropology, University of Alabama Box 870210, Tuscaloosa, al35487 USA Department of Anthropology, University at Albany (SUNY) Albany ny USA ; 2: Department of Pharmacology and Neuroscience, Torrey Pines Institute for Molecular Studies Port St. Lucie, fl USA Department of Psychology, University at Albany (SUNY) Albany ny USA ; 3: Department of Psychology, University at Albany (SUNY) Albany ny USA Department of Biology, University at Albany (SUNY) Albany ny USA Center for Neuroscience Research, University at Albany (SUNY) Albany ny USA Center for Life Sciences Research, University at Albany (SUNY) Albany ny USA Department of Chemistry, University of Alaska-Fairbanks Fairbanks, al USA Alaska INBRE, University of Alaska-Fairbanks Fairbanks, al USA ; 4: Department of Anthropology, University at Albany (SUNY) Albany ny USA Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University at Albany (SUNY) Albany ny USA Center for the Elimination of Minority Health Disparities, University at Albany (SUNY) Albany ny USA


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