Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Spectral reflectance and substrate color-induced melanization in immature and adult Midland painted turtles (Chrysemys picta marginata)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Amphibia-Reptilia

An animal’s coloration can be involved in communication and crypsis and change dynamically over time. We studied spectral reflectance of color pattern and substrate color-induced melanization in adult Midland Painted Turtles (Chrysemys picta marginata). Spectral reflectance of the carapace and plastron ground colors and of the red, yellow, and black markings of the head and limbs did not vary between the sexes. Therefore, yellow and red markings of the head and forelimbs seem unlikely to be sexually-selected traits as would be evidenced by differences in brightness between the sexes. Perhaps the color patterns of the head, neck, and shell margins function to break up the outline of an individual. However, we cannot rule out that the markings of the head and neck function in species recognition or evaluation of mate quality. After being laboratory reared for 150 days, the ground color and the spots or stripes of the head and limbs increased in intensity (turtles lightened) but more so in turtles reared on a white substrate when compared to those reared on a black substrate. At day 150, the ground colors of the carapace and plastron and the black blotches of the marginal scutes of the carapace were darker in individuals reared on a black substrate than in those reared on a white substrate. Therefore, adult turtles that travel among habitats with differing substrate colors could shift the degree of darkness of the carapace and skin ground color, thus more closely matching their backgrounds and reducing predation rates.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Biology, Alma College, 614 West Superior Street, Alma, Michigan 48801, USA

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685381-00002934
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Alibardi L. ( 2013): "Observations on the ultrastructure and distribution of chromatophores in the skin of chelonians". Acta Zoologica Vol 94: 222- 232. [Crossref]
2. Andersson M. ( 1994): Sexual Selection. Princeton University Press, Princeton. NJ.
3. Andersson S. , Örnborg J. , Andersson M. ( 1998): "Ultraviolet sexual dimorphism and assortative mating in blue tits". Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Vol 265: 445- 450. [Crossref]
4. Bailey L. , Dixon J.R. , Forstner M.R.J. ( 2005): " Pseudemys gorzugi(Rio Grande River Cooter). Reticulate melanism". Herpetol. Rev. Vol 36: 313.
5. Bodie J.R. , Semlitsch R.D. ( 2000): "Spatial and temporal use of floodplain habitats by lentic and lotic species of aquatic turtles". Oecologia Vol 122: 138- 146. [Crossref]
6. Bulté G. , Germain R.R. , O’Connor C.M. , Blouin-Demers G. ( 2013): "Sexual dichromatism in the Northern map turtle, Graptemys geographica ". Chelon. Conserv. Biol. Vol 12: 187- 192. [Crossref]
7. Cooper W.E. , Greenberg N. ( 1992): "Reptilian coloration and behavior". In: Biology of the Reptilia, Vol Vol. 18, Physiology E, Hormones, Brain and Behaviorp.  298- 422. Gans C. , Crews D. , Eds, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois.
8. Cuthill I.C. , Stevens M. , Sheppard J. , Maddocks T. , Párraga A. , Troscianko T.S. ( 2005): "Disruptive coloration and background pattern matching". Nature Vol 434: 72- 74. [Crossref]
9. Endler J.A. ( 1990): "On the measurement and classification of colour in studies of animal colour patterns". Biol. J. Linn. Soc. Vol 41: 315- 352. [Crossref]
10. Endler J.A. ( 1992): "Signals, signal conditions, and the direction of evolution". Am. Nat. Vol 139: 5125- 5153. [Crossref]
11. Ernst C.H. ( 1971): "Sexual cycles and maturity of the turtle Chrysemys picta ". Biol. Bull. Vol 140: 191- 200. [Crossref]
12. Ernst C.H. , Lovich J.E. ( 2009): Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd Edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
13. Gibbons J.W. , Greene J.L. , Congdon J.D. ( 1983): "Drought-related responses of aquatic turtle populations". J. Herpetol. Vol 17: 242- 246. [Crossref]
14. Granda A.M. ( 1979): "Eyes and their sensitivity to light of differing wavelengths". In: Turtles: Perspectives and Research, p.  247- 266. Harless M. , Morlock H. , Eds, J. Wiley and Sons Inc., New York, NY, USA.
15. Gronke W.K. , Chipps S.R. , Bandas S.J. , Higgins K.F. ( 2006): "Reticulate melanism in western painted turtles ( Chrysemys picta bellii): exploring linkages with habitat and heating rates". Am. Midl. Nat. Vol 156: 289- 298. [Crossref]
16. Ibáñez A. , Marzal A. , López P. , Martín J. ( 2013): "Sexually dichromatic coloration reflects size and immunocompetence in female Spanish terrapins, Mauremys leprosa ". Naturwissenschaften Vol 100: 1137- 1147. [Crossref]
17. Janzen D.H. ( 1980): "Two potential coral snake mimics in a tropical deciduous forest". Biotropica Vol 12: 77- 78. [Crossref]
18. Jolicoeur P. , Mosimann J.E. ( 1960): "Size and shape variation in the painted turtle. A principal component analysis". Growth Vol 24: 339- 354.
19. LeBas N.R. , Marshall N.J. ( 2000): "The role of colour in signaling and male choice in the agamid lizard Ctenophorus ornatus ". Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B Vol 267: 445- 452. [Crossref]
20. Loew E.R. , Govardovskii V.I. ( 2001): "Photoreceptors and visual pigments in the red-eared turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans ". Visual Neurosci. Vol 18: 753- 757. [Crossref]
21. Lovich J.E. , McCoy C.J. , Garstka W.R. ( 1990): "The development and significance of melanism in the slider turtle". In: Life History and Ecology of the Slider Turtle, p.  233- 254. Gibbons J.W. , Ed., Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.
22. McAuliffe J.R. ( 1978): "Seasonal migrational movements of a population of the western painted turtle, Chrysemys picta bellii ". J. Herpetol. Vol 12: 143- 149. [Crossref]
23. McGaugh S.E. ( 2008): "Color variation among habitat types in the spiny softshell turtle (Trionychidae: Apalone) of Cuatrocienegas, Coahuila, Mexico". J. Herpetol. Vol 42: 347- 353. [Crossref]
24. Moll E.O. , Matson K.E. , Krehbiel E.B. ( 1981): "Sexual and seasonal dichromatism in the Asian river turtle Callagur borneoensis ". Herpetologica Vol 37: 181- 194.
25. Polo-Cavia N. , Lopez P. , Martin J. ( 2012): "Head coloration reflects health state in the read-eared slider Trachemys scripta elegans ". Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 67: 153- 162. [Crossref]
26. Ross D.A. , Lovich J.E. ( 1992): "Does the color pattern of two species of turtles imitate duckweed?" J. Penn. Acad. Sci. Vol 66: 39- 42.
27. Rowe J.W. , Clark D.L. , Porter M. ( 2006a): "Shell color variation of Midland painted turtles ( Chrysemys picta marginata) living in habitats with variable substrate colors". Herpetol. Rev. Vol 37: 293- 298.
28. Rowe J.W. , Clark D.L. , Ryan C. , Tucker J.K. ( 2006b): "Effect of substrate color on pigmentation in Midland painted turtles ( Chrysemys picta marginata) and red-eared slider turtles ( Trachemys scripta elegans)". J. Herpetol. Vol 40: 358- 364. [Crossref]
29. Rowe J.W. , Clark D.L. , Price M. , Tucker J.K. ( 2009): "Reversible melanization following substrate color reversal in Midland painted turtles ( Chrysemys picta marginata) and red-eared sliders ( Trachemys scripta elegans)". J. Herpetol. Vol 43: 402- 408. [Crossref]
30. Rowe J.W. , Gradel J.R. , Bunce C.F. , Clark D.L. ( 2013a): "Sexual dimorphism in size and shell shape, and dichromatism of spotted turtles ( Clemmys guttata) in Southwestern Michigan". Amphibia-Reptilia Vol 33: 443- 450. [Crossref]
31. Rowe J.W. , Clark D.L. , Shaw D.M. , Wittle L.W. ( 2013b): "Histological basis of substrate color-induced melanization and reversal of melanization in painted turtles ( Chrysemys picta marginata)". Chelon. Conserv. Biol. Vol 12: 246- 251. [Crossref]
32. Rowland H.M. , Cuthill I.C. , Harvey I.F. , Speed M. , Ruxton G.D. ( 2008): "Can’t tell the caterpillars from the trees: Countershading enhances survival in a woodland". Proc. Royal Soc. B-Biol. Sci. Vol 275: 2539- 2546. [Crossref]
33. Schueler F.W. ( 1983): "Reticulate melanism in Canadian western painted turtles". Blue Jay Vol 41: 83- 91.
34. Smith H.M. , Kritsky D.G. , Holland R.L. ( 1969): "Reticulate melanism in the painted turtle". J. Herpetol. Vol 3: 173- 176. [Crossref]
35. Stuart J.N. ( 1998): "Reticulate melanism in southwestern populations of Chrysemys picta bellii(Testudines: Emydidae)". Herp. Rev. Vol 29: 80- 82.
36. Trullas S.C. , van Wyk J.H. , Spotila J.R. ( 2007): "Thermal melanism in ectotherms". J. Therm. Biol. Vol 32: 235- 245. [Crossref]
37. Ultsch G.R. ( 1999): " Chrysemys picta marginata(midland painted turtle): reticulate melanism". Herpetol. Rev. Vol 30: 225.
38. Wasmeier C. , Hume A.N. , Bolasco G. , Seabra M.C. ( 2008): "Melanosomes at a glance". J. Cell Sci. Vol 121: 3995- 3999. [Crossref]
39. Woolley P. ( 1957): "Colour change in a chelonian". Nature Vol 179: 1255- 1256. [Crossref]
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15685381-00002934
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685381-00002934
2014-06-02
2018-10-24

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Amphibia-Reptilia — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation