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Open Access Distributed database system of the New Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe: the NA2RE project

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Distributed database system of the New Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe: the NA2RE project

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The Societas Europaea Herpetologica (SEH) decided in 2006 through its Mapping Committee to implement the New Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles of Europe (NA2RE: http://na2re.ismai.pt) as a chorological database system. Initially designed to be a system of distributed databases, NA2RE quickly evolved to a Spatial Data Infrastructure, a system of geographically distributed systems. Each individual system has a national focus and is implemented in an online network, accessible through standard interfaces, thus allowing for interoperable communication and sharing of spatial-temporal data amongst one another. A Web interface facilitates the access of the user to all participating data systems as if it were one single virtual integrated data-source. Upon user request, the Web interface searches all distributed data-sources for the requested data, integrating the answers in an always updated and interactive map. This infrastructure implements methods for fast actualisation of national observation records, as well as for the use of a common taxonomy and systematics. Using this approach, data duplication is avoided, national systems are maintained in their own countries, and national organisations are responsible for their own data curation and management. The database could be built with different representation levels and resolution levels of data, and filtered according to species conservation matters. We present the first prototype of NA2RE, composed of the last data compilation performed by the SEH (Sillero et al., 2014). This system is implemented using only open source software: PostgreSQL database with PostGIS extension, Geoserver, and OpenLayers.

Affiliations: 1: 1Centro de Investigação em Ciências Geo-Espaciais (CICGE), Observatório Astronómico Prof. Manuel de Barros, Alameda do Monte da Virgem, 4430-146 Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal; 2: 3Instituto Superior da Maia (ISMAI), Av. Carlos Oliveira Campos, 4475-690 Avioso S. Pedro, Portugal

The Societas Europaea Herpetologica (SEH) decided in 2006 through its Mapping Committee to implement the New Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles of Europe (NA2RE: http://na2re.ismai.pt) as a chorological database system. Initially designed to be a system of distributed databases, NA2RE quickly evolved to a Spatial Data Infrastructure, a system of geographically distributed systems. Each individual system has a national focus and is implemented in an online network, accessible through standard interfaces, thus allowing for interoperable communication and sharing of spatial-temporal data amongst one another. A Web interface facilitates the access of the user to all participating data systems as if it were one single virtual integrated data-source. Upon user request, the Web interface searches all distributed data-sources for the requested data, integrating the answers in an always updated and interactive map. This infrastructure implements methods for fast actualisation of national observation records, as well as for the use of a common taxonomy and systematics. Using this approach, data duplication is avoided, national systems are maintained in their own countries, and national organisations are responsible for their own data curation and management. The database could be built with different representation levels and resolution levels of data, and filtered according to species conservation matters. We present the first prototype of NA2RE, composed of the last data compilation performed by the SEH (Sillero et al., 2014). This system is implemented using only open source software: PostgreSQL database with PostGIS extension, Geoserver, and OpenLayers.

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1. Loureiro A. , Sillero N. ( 2010): "Metodologia". In: Atlas dos anfíbios e répteis de Portugal, p.  66- 74. Loureiro A. , Ferrand N. , Carrertero M.A. , Paulo O. , Eds, Esfera do Caos, Lisboa.
2. Maier M.W. ( 1998): "Architecting principles for systems-of-systems". Systems Engineering Vol 1: 267- 284. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1520-6858(1998)1:4<267::AID-SYS3>3.0.CO;2-D
3. Padial J.M. ( 2006): "Commented distributional list of the reptiles of Mauritania (West Africa)". Graellsia Vol 2: 159- 178. http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/graellsia.2006.v62.i2.64
4. Padial J.M. , De la Riva I. ( 2004): "Annotated checklist of the amphibians of Mauritania (West Africa)". Rev. Esp. Herpetol. Vol 18: 89- 99.
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6. Sillero N. , Celaya L. , Martín-Alfageme S. ( 2005): "Using GIS to make an atlas: A proposal to collect, store, map and analyse chorological data for herpetofauna". Rev. Esp. Herpetol. Vol 19: 87- 101.
7. Sillero N. , Campos J. , Bonardi A. , Corti C. , Creemers R. , Crochet P.A. , Crnobrnja Isailović J. , Denoël D. , Ficetola G.F. , Gonçalves G. , Kuzmin S. , Lymberakis P. , de Pous P. , Rodríguez A. , Sindaco R. , Speybroeck J. , Toxopeus B. , Vieites D.R. , Vences M. ( 2014): "Updated distribution and biogeography of amphibians and reptiles of Europe based on a compilation of countrywide mapping studies". Amphibia-Reptilia Vol 35: 1- 31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15685381-00002935
8. Sindaco R. , Doria G. , Razzetti E. , Bernini F. , Eds ( 2006): Atlante degli Anfibi e dei Rettili d’Italia/Atlas of Italian Amphibians and Reptiles. Societas Herpetologica Italica. Edizioni Polistampa, Firenze, Italy.
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10. Sos T. , Kecskés A. , Hegyeli Z. , Marosi B. ( 2012): "New data on the distribution of Darevskia pontica(Lantz and Cyrén, 1919) (Reptilia: Lacertidae) in Romania: filling a significant gap". Acta Herpetologica Vol 7: 175- 180.
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2014-01-01
2016-12-03

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