Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Scatting behaviour of the pygmy bluetongue lizard

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Amphibia-Reptilia

We used video recordings of 29 pygmy bluetongue lizards for ten days of each month during their spring and summer activity season to observe scatting behaviour. This was possible because resident lizards rarely moved from their single entrance burrows. We used these observations to ask questions about social communication that might be relevant to conservation of this endangered species. We found lizards produced more scats in the middle of the day than earlier or later in the day, and more scats in the spring and early summer than later in the summer. Lizards moved an average of 68.54 ± 0.09 cm from their burrow entrance to deposit scats, taking an average of 2.4 min per defecation trip. They tended to use the same path direction for most defecation trips, but used more different directions if there were more close neighbours, strongly supporting a hypothesis that scats mark burrow ownership. The results suggested that conservation managers might reduce stress for relocated lizards by removing scat piles in the early stages of settlement.

Affiliations: 1: 1School of Biological Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685381-00003045
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Aragón P. , López P. , Martín J. (2000): "Size-dependent chemosensory responses to familiar and unfamiliar conspecific faecal pellets by the Iberian rock-lizard, Lacerta monticola ". Ethology Vol 106: 1115-1128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0310.2000.00638.x
2. Bull C.M. , Griffin C.L. , Johnston G.R. (1999): "Olfactory discrimination in scat-piling lizards". Behav. Ecol. Vol 10: 136-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/10.2.136
3. Bull C.M. , Griffin C.L. , Lanham E.J. , Johnston G.R. (2000): "Recognition of pheromones from group members in a gregarious lizard, Egernia stokesii ". J. Herpetol. Vol 34: 92. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1565244
4. Bull C.M. , Godfrey S.S. , Ebrahimi M. , Fenner A.L. (2015): "Long and short term residence in refuge burrows by endangered pygmy bluetongue lizards". Amphibia-Reptilia Vol 36: 119-124. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15685381-00002984
5. Campbell-Palmer R. , Rosell F. (2010): "Conservation of the Eurasian beaver Castor fiber: an olfactory perspective". Mamm. Rev. Vol 40: 293-312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2907.2010.00165.x
6. Chapple D.G. (2003): "Ecology, life history, and behaviour in the Australian scincid genus Egerina, with comments on the evolution of complex sociality in lizards". Herpetol. Monogr. Vol 17: 145-180. http://dx.doi.org/10.1655/0733-1347(2003)017[0145:ELABIT]2.0.CO;2
7. Delean S. , Bull C.M. , Brook B.W. , Heard L.M.B. , Fordham D.A. (2013): "Using plant distributions to predict the current and future range of a rare lizard". Divers. Distrib. Vol 19: 1125-1137. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12050
8. Dickens M.J. , Delehanty D.J. , Romero L.M. (2010): "Stress: an inevitable component of animal translocation". Biol. Conserv. Vol 143: 1329-1341. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2010.02.032
9. Ebrahimi M. , Bull C.M. (2014): "Visual conspecific cues will not help in pygmy bluetongue lizard translocations". Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. Vol 151: 102-109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2013.11.005
10. Ebrahimi M. , Bull C.M. (2015): "Behavioural changes in an endangered grassland lizard resulting from simulated agricultural activities". J. Arid Environ. Vol 113: 102-107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2014.10.004
11. Ebrahimi M. , Ebrahimie E. , Bull C.M. (2015a): "Minimizing the cost of translocation failure with decision-tree models that predict species’ behavioral response in translocation sites". Conserv. Biol. Vol 29: 1208-1216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12479
12. Ebrahimi M. , Godfrey S.S. , Fenner A.L. , Bull C.M. (2015b): "Monitoring predation behaviour of the pygmy bluetongue lizard to decide when conservation intervention is needed". Aust. J. Zool. Vol 63: 270-274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/ZO15021
13. Fellows H.L. , Fenner A.L. , Bull C.M. (2009): "Spiders provide important resources for an endangered lizard". J. Zool. Vol 279: 156-163. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2009.00600.x
14. Fenner A.L. , Bull C.M. , Hutchinson M.N. (2007): "Omnivorous diet of the endangered pygmy bluetongue lizard, Tiliqua adelaidensis ". Amphibia-Reptilia Vol 28: 560-565. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853807782152462
15. Fenner A.L. , Smales L.R. , Bull C.M. (2008): "Pharyngodon wandillahensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Pharyngodonidae) from the endangered pygmy bluetongue lizard Tiliqua adelaidensis Peters, 1863 (Sauria: Scincidae), South Australia, Australia". Comp. Parasitol. Vol 75: 69-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1654/4316.1
16. Fenner A.L. , Bull C.M. (2010): "The use of scats as social signals in a solitary, endangered scincid lizard, Tiliqua adelaidensis ". Wildl. Res. Vol 37: 582-587. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WR10122
17. Fenner A.L. , Bull C.M. (2011a): "Central-place territorial defence in a burrow-dwelling skink: aggressive responses to conspecific models in pygmy bluetongue lizards". J. Zool. Vol 283: 45-51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2010.00742.x
18. Fenner A.L. , Bull C.M. (2011b): "Responses of the endangered pygmy bluetongue lizard to conspecific scats". J. Ethol. Vol 29: 69-77.
19. Fenner A.L. , Godfrey S.S. , Michael Bull C. (2011): "Using social networks to deduce whether residents or dispersers spread parasites in a lizard population". J. Anim. Ecol. Vol 80: 835-843. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2011.01825.x
20. Festa-Bianchet M. , Apollonio M. (2003): Animal Behavior and Wildlife Conservation. Island Press, Washington, USA.
21. Fordham D.A. , Watts M.J. , Delean S. , Brook B.W. , Heard L.M.B. , Bull C.M. (2012): "Managed relocation as an adaptation strategy for mitigating climate change threats to the persistence of an endangered lizard". Global Change Biol. Vol 18: 2743-2755. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02742.x
22. Gosling L.M. , Sutherland W.J. (2000): Behaviour and Conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
23. Hutchinson M.N. , Milne T. , Croft T. (1994): "Redescription and ecological notes on the pygmy bluetongue, Tiliqua adelaidensis (Squamata: Scincidae)". Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. Vol 118: 217-226.
24. Milne T. (1999): "Conservation and ecology of the endangered pygmy bluetongue lizard (Tiliqua adelaidensis)". In: School of Biological Sciences, p.  314. Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia.
25. Milne T. , Bull C.M. (2000): "Burrow choice by individuals of different sizes in the endangered pygmy blue tongue lizard Tiliqua adelaidensis ". Biol. Conserv. Vol 95: 295-301. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(00)00040-9
26. Milne T. , Bull C.M. , Hutchinson M.N. (2003): "Use of burrows by the endangered pygmy blue-tongue lizard, Tiliqua adelaidensis (Scincidae)". Wildl. Res. Vol 30: 523-528. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WR02087
27. Roberts S.C. , Gosling L.M. (2004): "Manipulation of olfactory signaling and mate choice for conservation breeding: a case study of harvest mice". Conserv. Biol. Vol 18: 548-556. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2004.00514.x
28. Schofield J.A. , Fenner A.L. , Pelgrim K. , Bull C.M. (2012): "Male-biased movement in pygmy bluetongue lizards: implications for conservation". Wildl. Res. Vol 39: 677-684. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WR12098
29. Souter N.J. (2003): "Habitat requirements and conservation of the endangered pygmy bluetongue lizard Tiliqua adelaidensis ". In: School of Biological Sciences, p.  377. Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia.
30. Swaisgood R.R. (2007): "Current status and future directions of applied behavioral research for animal welfare and conservation". Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. Vol 102: 139-162. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2006.05.027
31. Vilà C. , Urios V. , Castroviejo J. (1994): "Use of faeces for scent marking in Iberian wolves (Canis lupus)". Canadian Journal of Zoology Vol 72: 374-377. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z94-053
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15685381-00003045
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15685381-00003045
2016-04-27
2017-10-19

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Amphibia-Reptilia — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation