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Redescription of the rare South American worm lizard Amphisbaena rozei (Squamata: Amphisbaenidae)

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Amphisbaena rozei is endemic to the Caura River basin in Venezuela, and known only from the holotype and one paratype. Its original description is very brief, lacking relevant information used by taxonomists today. Additionally, A. rozei appears to be similar to A. spurrelli, a species from northwestern Colombia and southern Panama. We present a redescription of A. rozei based on the examination of the type specimens and compare this taxon to the other known South American amphisbaenids, especially A. spurrelli. We conclude A. rozei is a valid name, and the species is diagnosed mainly by the presence of four precloacal pores, a lateral sulcus, 205–209 body annuli, 20 caudal annuli, 15–16 dorsal and 14 ventral segments on a midbody annulus, and dorsal surface of tail covered by strong tubercles.

Affiliations: 1: 1Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zoologia, Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos 6627, Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, 31270-90 Minas Gerais, Brazil ; 2: 2Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Centro de Ecología, Cta. Panamericana km 11, Altos de Pipe, Apdo 20632, Caracas 1020-A, Venezuela ; 3: 3Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zoologia, Faculdade de Biociências, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Ipiranga 6681, Partenon, Porto Alegre 90619-900, Brazil ; 4: 4Museo de Historia Natural La Salle, Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales, Apdo 1930, Caracas 1010-A, Venezuela ; 5: 5Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, CP 42494, São Paulo, 04218-070 São Paulo, Brazil

*Corresponding author; e-mail:

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