Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The first ecological study on the oldest allochthonous population of European cave salamanders (Hydromantes sp.)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Amphibia-Reptilia

The introduction of allochthonous species often represents a serious problem for ecosystems and native species. Usually, these cases involve common widespread species that show high adaptability and strong competitiveness against local species. Within amphibians, the introduction of allochthonous species mainly deals with anurans, while cases involving caudata are few and poorly studied. We report the first assessment of an introduced population of European plethodontid salamanders. This population is located in the French Pyrenees and represents the oldest allochthonous Hydromantes population. We reconstructed the history of its introduction and collected data on the ecology and feeding habits of this population. Our results show that this population is stable and reproductive, showing strong similarities to Italian mainland species of Hydromantes. This study provided the base for further studies focused on this allochthonous population of European cave salamanders.

Affiliations: 1: 1Universität Trier Fachbereich VI Raum-und Umweltwissenschaften Biogeographie, Universitätsring 15, 54286 Trier, Germany ; 2: 2Natural Oasis, Via di Galceti 141, 59100 Prato, Italy ; 3: 3Museo di Storia Naturale dell’Università di Firenze, Sezione di Zoologia “La Specola”, Via Romana 17, 50125 Firenze, Italy ; 4: 4Station d’Ecologie Expérimentale du CNRS 2, route du CNRS, 09200 Moulis, France ; 5: 5University of California, Santa Cruz 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95060 ; 6: 6Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 26, 20133 Milano, Italy

*Corresponding author; e-mail:

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Bartoń K. (2016): MuMIn: multi-model inference. R package version 1.15.6.
2. Bates D., Maechler M., Bolker B., Walker S. (2015): "Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4". J. Stat. Softw. Vol 67: 1-48. [Crossref]
3. Carranza S., Romano A., Arnold E.N., Sotgiu G. (2008): "Biogeography and evolution of European cave salamanders, Hydromantes (Urodela: Plethodontidae), inferred from mtDNA sequences". J. Biogeogr. Vol 35: 724-738. [Crossref]
4. Chiari Y., van der Meijden A., Mucedda M., Lourenço J.M., Hochkirch A., Veith M. (2012): "Phylogeography of Sardinian cave salamanders (genus Hydromantes) is mainly determined by geomorphology". PLoS ONE Vol 7: e32332. [Crossref]
5. Cimmaruta R., Forti G., Nascetti G., Bullini L. (1999): "Spatial distribution and competition in two parapatric sibling species of European plethodontid salamanders". Ethol. Ecol. Evol. Vol 11: 383-398. [Crossref]
6. Cimmaruta R., Forti G., Lucente D., Nascetti G. (2013): "Thirty years of artificial syntopy between Hydromantes italicus and H. ambrosii ambrosii (Amphibia, Plethodontidae)". Amphibia-Reptilia Vol 34: 413-420. [Crossref]
7. Costa A., Crovetto F., Salvidio S. (2016): "European plethodontid salamanders on the forest floor: local abundance is related to fine-scale environmental factors". Herpetol. Conserv. Biol. Vol 11: 344-349.
8. Crump M.L., Scott N.J. (1994): "Visual encounter surveys". In: Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity: Standard Methods for Amphibians, p.  84-92. Heyer W.R., Donnelly M.A., McDiarmid R.W., Hayek L.C., Foster M.S., Eds, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.
9. Deban S.M., Richardson J.C. (2011): "Cold-blooded snipers: thermal independence of ballistic tongue projection in the salamander Hydromantes platycephalus". J. Exp. Zool. Vol 315: 618-630. [Crossref]
10. Doherty T.S., Glen A.S., Nimmo D.G., Ritchie E.G., Dickman C.R. (2016): "Invasive predators and global biodiversity loss". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. Vol 113: 1-5. [Crossref]
11. Dolce S., Pichl E. (1982): "Le attuali conoscenze sulla difusione di Proteus anguinus in territorio italiano". Atti Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Trieste Vol 32: 245-254.
12. Durand J.P. (1967): "Sur l’ontogenèse d’Hydromantes italicus Dunn (Urodèle, Plethodontidae)". C. R. Acad. Sci. Vol 65: 1533-1535.
13. Durand J.P. (1970): "Fortpflanzung und Entwicklung von Hydromantes, dem Höhlenmolch". Aqua Terra Vol 7: 42-48.
14. Dyer E.E., Cassey P., Redding D.W., Collen B., Franks V., Gaston K.J., Jones K.E., Kark S., Orme C.D.L., Blackburn T.M. (2017): "The global distribution and drivers of alien bird species richness". PLoS Biol. Vol 15: e2000942. [Crossref]
15. Epler J.H. (2006): Identification manual for the aquatic and semi-aquatic Heteroptera of Florida Tallahassee, State of Florida. Department of Environmental Protection. Division of Water Resource Management.
16. Ficetola G.F., Coïc C., Detaint M., Berroneau M., Lorvelec O., Miaud C. (2007): "Pattern of distribution of the American bullfrog Rana catesbeiana in Europe". Biol. Invasions Vol 9: 767-772. [Crossref]
17. Ficetola G.F., Maiorano L., Falcucci A., Dendoncker N., Boitani L., Padoa-Schioppa E., Miaud C., Thuiller W. (2010): "Knowing the past to predict the future: land-use change and the distribution of invasive bullfrogs". Global Change Biol. Vol 16: 528-537. [Crossref]
18. Ficetola G.F., Pennati R., Manenti R. (2012): "Do cave salamanders occur randomly in cavities? An analysis with Hydromantes strinatii". Amphibia-Reptilia Vol 33: 251-259. [Crossref]
19. Ficetola G.F., Pennati R., Manenti R. (2013): "Spatial segregation among age classes in cave salamanders: habitat selection or social interactions?" Popul. Ecol. Vol 55: 217-226. [Crossref]
20. Flint W.D., Harris R.N. (2005): "The efficacy of visual encounter surveys for population monitoring of Plethodon punctatus (Caudata: Plethodontidae)". J. Herpetol. Vol 39: 578-584. [Crossref]
21. Forti G., Lanza B., Cimmaruta R., Nascetti G. (2005): "An experiment of artificial syntopy ex situ between Speleomantes italicus (Dunn, 1923) and S. ambrosii ambrosii (Lanza, 1955) (Amphibia, Plethodontidae)". Ann. Mus. civ. stor. nat. Giacomo Doria Vol 97: 123-133.
22. Franch M., Llorente G.A., Montori A., Richter-Boix A., Carranza S. (2007): "Discovery of an introduced population of Discoglossus pictus beyond its known distributional range". Herp. Rev. Vol 38: 356-359.
23. Garner T.W.J., Perkins M.W., Govindarajulu P., Seglie D., Walker S., Cunningham A.A., Fisher M.C. (2006): "The emerging amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis globally infects introduced populations of the North American bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana". Biol. Letters Vol 2: 455-459. [Crossref]
24. Guillaume O., Durand J.P. (2003): "Les Spélerpès: genre Speleomantes Dubois, 1984". In: Évolution holocène de la faune de Vertébrés de France: invasions et disparitions. Rapport au Ministère de l’Écologie et du Développement Durable (Direction de la Nature et des Paysages), p.  143-144. Pascal M., Lorvelec O., Vigne J.-D., Keith P., Clergeau P., Eds, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.
25. Gürtler R.E., Izquierdo V.M., Gil G., Cavicchia M., Maranta A. (2017): "Coping with wild boar in a conservation area: impacts of a 10-year management control program in north-eastern Argentina". Biol. Invasions Vol 19: 11-24. [Crossref]
26. Holsbeek G., Mergeay J., Hotz H., Plötner J., Volckaert F.A.M., De Meester L. (2008): "A cryptic invasion within an invasion and widespread introgression in the European water frog complex: consequences of uncontrolled commercial trade and weak international legislation". Mol. Ecol. Vol 17: 5023-5035. [Crossref]
27. Juberthie C., Durand J., Dupuy M. (1996): "La reproduction des Protées (Proteus anguinus): bilan de 35 ans d’élevage dans les grottes-laboratoires de Moulis et d’Aulignac". Mém. Biospéol. Vol 23: 53-56.
28. Kraus F. (2009): Alien Reptiles and Amphibians a Scientific Compendium and Analysis. Springer, Dordrecht.
29. Lanza B., Pastorelli C., Laghi P., Cimmaruta R. (2006a): "A review of systematics, taxonomy, genetics, biogeography and natural history of the genus Speleomantes Dubois, 1984 (Amphibia Caudata Plethodontidae)". Atti Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Trieste Vol 52: 5-135.
30. Lanza B., Andreone F., Bologna M.A., Corti C., Razzetti E. (2006b): Fauna d’Italia. Amphibia. Calderini, Bologna.
31. Lillo F., Marrone A., Sicilia A., Castelli G., Zava B. (2005): "An invasive population of Xenopus laevis (Daudin, 1802) in Italy". Herpetozoa Vol 18: 63-64.
32. Lopes Ferreira R., Mendes Martins V., Arantes Paixão E., Souza Silva M. (2015): "Spatial and temporal fluctuations of the abundance of Neotropical cave-dwelling moth Hypena sp. (Noctuidae, Lepidoptera) influenced by temperature and humidity". Subterr. Biol. Vol 16: 47-60. [Crossref]
33. Lucente D., Renet J., Gailledrat M., Tillet J., Nascetti G., Cimmaruta R. (2016): "A new population of European cave salamanders (genus Hydromantes) from west-central France: relict or introduction?" Herpetol. Bull. Vol 138: 21-23.
34. Lunghi E., Manenti R., Ficetola G.F. (2014a): "Do cave features affect underground habitat exploitation by non-troglobite species?" Acta Oecol. Vol 55: 29-35. [Crossref]
35. Lunghi E., Manenti R., Manca S., Mulargia M., Pennati R., Ficetola G.F. (2014b): "Nesting of cave salamanders (Hydromantes flavus and H. italicus) in natural environments". Salamandra Vol 50: 105-109.
36. Lunghi E., Manenti R., Ficetola G.F. (2015): "Seasonal variation in microhabitat of salamanders: environmental variation or shift of habitat selection?" PeerJ Vol 3: e1122. [Crossref]
37. Lunghi E., Manenti R., Canciani G., Scarì G., Pennati R., Ficetola G.F. (2016): "Thermal equilibrium and temperature differences among body regions in European plethodontid salamanders". J. Therm. Biol. Vol 60: 79-85. [Crossref]
38. Lunghi E., Manenti R., Ficetola G.F. (2017): "Cave features, seasonality and subterranean distribution of non-obligate cave dwellers". PeerJ Vol 5: e3169. [Crossref]
39. Macey J.R. (2005): "Plethodontid salamander mitochondrial genomics: a parsimony evaluation of character conflict and implications for historical biogeography". Cladistics Vol 21: 194-202. [Crossref]
40. Maletzky A., Mikulíček P., Franzen M., Goldschmid A., Gruber H.-J., Horák A., Kyek M. (2008): "Hybridization and introgression between two species of crested newts (Triturus cristatus and T. carnifex) along contact zones in Germany and Austria: morphological and molecular data". Herpetol. J. Vol 18: 1-15.
41. Manenti R. (2014): "Dry stone walls favour biodiversity: a case-study from the Appennines". Biodivers. Conserv. Vol 23: 1879-1893. [Crossref]
42. Manenti R., Lunghi E., Ficetola G.F. (2015): "Distribution of spiders in cave twilight zone depends on microclimatic features and trophic supply". Invertebr. Biol. Vol 134: 242-251. [Crossref]
43. Meilink W.R.M., Arntzen J.W., van Delft J.J.C.W., Wielstra B. (2015): "Genetic pollution of a threatened native crested newt species through hybridization with an invasive congener in the Netherlands". Biol. Conserv. Vol 184: 145-153. [Crossref]
44. Nori J., Akmentins M.S., Ghirardi R., Frutos N., Leynaud G.C. (2011): "American bullfrog invasion in Argentina: where should we take urgent measures?" Biodivers. Conserv. Vol 20: 1125-1132. [Crossref]
45. Pascal M., Lorvelec O., Vigne J.-D., Keith P., Clergeau P. (2003): Évolution holocène de la faune de Vertébrés deFrance: invasions et disparitions. Rapport au Ministère de l’Écologie et du Développement Durable (Direction de la Nature et des Paysages) Paris, France, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle.
46. Pinheiro J., Bates D., DebRoy S., Sarkar D., R Core Team (2016): nlme: linear and nonlinear mixed effects models. R package version 3.1-128.
47. R Core Team (2016): R: a Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
48. Raffaëlli J. (2007): Les Urodeles du monde Condé-sur-Noireau, Penclen Edition.
49. Richards S.A., Whittingham M.J., Stephens P.A. (2011): "Model selection and model averaging in behavioural ecology: the utility of the IT-AIC framework". Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. Vol 65: 77-89. [Crossref]
50. Salvidio S. (1992): "Diet and food utilization in the European plethodontid Speleomantes ambrosii". Vie Milieu Vol 42: 35-39.
51. Salvidio S., Latters A., Tavano M., Melodia F., Pastorino M.V. (1994): "Ecology of a Speleomantes ambrosii population inhabiting an artificial tunnel". Amphibia-Reptilia Vol 15: 35-45. [Crossref]
52. Salvidio S., Bruce R.C. (2006): "Sexual dimorphism in two species of European plethodontid salamanders, genus Speleomantes". Herpetol. J. Vol 16: 9-14.
53. Salvidio S. (2008): "Temporal variation in adult sex ratio in a population of the terrestrial salamander Speleomantes strinatii". Herpetol. J. Vol 18: 66-68.
54. Salvidio S., Romano A., Oneto F., Ottonello D., Michelon R. (2012): "Different season, different strategies: feeding ecology of two syntopic forest-dwelling salamanders". Acta Oecol. Vol 43: 42-50. [Crossref]
55. Salvidio S., Palumbi G., Romano A., Costa A. (2017): "Safe caves and dangerous forests? Predation risk may contribute to salamander colonization of subterranean habitats". Sci. Nat. Vol 104: 20. [Crossref]
56. Sket B. (1997): "Distribution of Proteus (Amphibia: Urodela: Proteidae) and its possible explanation". J. Biogeogr. Vol 24: 263-280. [Crossref]
57. Spotila J.R. (1972): "Role of temperature and water in the ecology of lungless salamanders". Ecol. Monogr. Vol 42: 95-125. [Crossref]
58. Venables W.N., Ripley B.D. (2002): Modern Applied Statistics With S, 4th Edition. Springer, New York. [Crossref]
59. Vignoli L., Caldera F., Bologna M.A. (2006): "Trophic niche of cave populations of Speleomantes italicus". J. Nat. Hist. Vol 40: 1841-1850. [Crossref]
60. Wake D.B. (2013): "The enigmatic history of the European, Asian and American plethodontid salamanders". Amphibia-Reptilia Vol 34: 323-336. [Crossref]
61. Ward-Fear G., Hayward M.W., L’Hotellier F., Herman K., Kabat A.P., Gibbons J.P. (2016): "The implications of biodiversity loss for the dynamics of wildlife in Australia". Anim. Conserv. Vol 19: 504-505. [Crossref]

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Amphibia-Reptilia — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation