Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Herps without borders: a new newt case and a review of transalpine alien introductions in western Europe

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this advance article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality
image of Amphibia-Reptilia

Affiliations: 1: 1Hintermann & Weber SA, Rue de l’Eglise-Catholique 9b, 1820 Montreux, Switzerland ; 2: 2Department of Ecology & Evolution, University of Lausanne, Biophore Building, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland ; 3: 3Association de la Grande Cariçaie, Chemin de la Cariçaie 3, 1400 Cheseaux-Noréaz, Switzerland ; 4: 4KARCH-GE, 1200 Genève, Switzerland ; 5: 5Department of Animal & Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Alfred Denny Building, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK ; 6: 6Laboratory for Conservation Biology, University of Lausanne, Biophore Building, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland

*Corresponding author; e-mail:

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...

1. Allendorf F.W., Leary R.F., Spruell P., Wenburg J.K. (2001): "The problems with hybrids: setting conservation guidelines". Trends Ecol. Evol. Vol 16: 613-622. [Crossref]
2. Arntzen J.W. (1999): "Genetic variation in the Italian crested newt, Triturus carnifex, and the origin of a non-native population north of the Alps". Biodiversity Conserv. Vol 10: 971-987. [Crossref]
3. Arntzen J.W., Thorpe R.S. (1999): "Italian crested newts (Triturus carnifex) in the Basin of Geneva: distribution and genetic interactions with autochthonous species". Herpetologica Vol 55: 423-433.
4. Arntzen J.W., Jehle R., Bardakci F., Burke T., Wallis G.P. (2009): "Asymmetric viability of reciprocal-cross hybrids between crested and marbled newts (Triturus cristatus and T. marmoratus)". Evolution Vol 63: 1191-1202. [Crossref]
5. Arntzen J.W., King T., Denoel M., Martinez-Solano I., Wallis G.P. (2016): "Provenance of Ichthyosaura alpestris (Caudata: Salamandridae) introductions to France and New Zealand assessed by mitochondrial DNA analysis". Herpetol. J. Vol 26: 49-56.
6. Babik W., Branicki W., Crnobrnja-Isailovic J., Cogalniceanu D., Sas I., Olgun K. , et al, (2005): "Phylogeography of two European newt species – discordance between mtDNA and morphology". Mol. Ecol. Vol 14: 2475-2491. [Crossref]
7. Baur H., Güttinger R. (2013): "First record of the cave cricket Troglophilus neglectus (Ensifera, Rhaphidophoridae) in Switzerland – a new indigenous site north of the main distribution area". Mitt. Schweiz. entomol. Ges. Vol 86: 15-23.
8. Brede E.G., Thorpe R.S., Arntzen J.W., Langton T.E.S. (2000): "A morphometric study of a hybrid newt population (Triturus cristatus / T. carnifex): Beam Brook Nurseries, Surrey, U.K." Biol. J. Linnean Soc. Vol 70: 685-695. [Crossref]
9. Chown S.L., Hodgins K.A., Griffin P.C., Oakeshott J.G., Byrne M., Hoffmann A.A. (2014): "Biological invasions, climate change and genomics". Evol. Appl. Vol 8: 23-46. [Crossref]
10. Cristescu M.E. (2015): "Genetic reconstructions of invasion history". Mol. Ecol. Vol 24: 2212-2225. [Crossref]
11. Darriba D., Taboada G.L., Doallo R., Posada D. (2012): "jModelTest 2: more models, new heuristics and parallel computing". Nature Methods Vol 9: 772. [Crossref]
12. Dejean T., Valentini A., Miquel C., Taberlet P., Bellemain E., Miaud C. (2012): "Improved detection of an alien invasive species through environmental DNA barcoding: the example of the American bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus". J. Appl. Ecol. Vol 49: 953-959. [Crossref]
13. Dubey S., Shine R. (2008): "Origin of the parasites of an invading species, the Australian cane toad (Bufo marinus): are the lungworms Australian or American?" Mol. Ecol. Vol 17: 4418-4424. [Crossref]
14. Dubey S., Leuenberger J., Perrin N. (2014): "Multiple origins of invasive and “native” water frogs (Pelophylax spp.) in Switzerland". Biol. J. Linnean Soc. Vol 112: 442-449. [Crossref]
15. Dubey S., Christe P., Formenti V., Staub E., Schuerch J., Glaizot O., Ursenbacher S. (2015): "Introduced freshwater blenny influences the diet and body condition of the invasive dice snake in Lake Geneva". J. Wildl. Manag. Vol 79: 338-343. [Crossref]
16. Dubey S., Ursenbacher S., Schuerch J., Golay J., Aubert P., Dufresnes C. (2017): "A glitch in the Natrix: cryptic presence of alien grass snakes in Switzerland". Herpetol. Notes. Vol 10: 205-208.
17. Dufresnes C., Dubey S., Ghali K., Canestrelli D., Perrin N. (2015): "Introgressive hybridization of threatened European tree frogs (Hyla arborea) by introduced H. intermedia in western Switzerland". Conserv. Genet. Vol 16: 1507-1513. [Crossref]
18. Dufresnes C., Pellet J., Bettinelli-Riccardi S., Thiébaud J., Perrin N., Fumagalli L. (2016): "Massive genetic introgression in threatened northern crested newts (Triturus cristatus) by an invasive congener (T. carnifex) in western Switzerland". Conserv. Genet. Vol 17: 839-846. [Crossref]
19. Dufresnes C., Di Santo L., Leuenberger J., Schuerch J., Mazepa G., Grandjean N. , et al, (2017): "Cryptic invasion of Italian pool frogs (Pelophylax bergeri) across western Europe unraveled by multilocus phylogeography". Biol. Invasions Vol 19: 1407-1420. [Crossref]
20. Dufresnes C., Leuenberger J., Amrhein V., Bühler C., Thiébaud J., Bojnenstengel T., Dubey S. (2018): "Invasion genetics of marsh frogs (Pelophylax ridibundus sensu lato) in Switzerland". Biol. J. Linnean Soc. Vol 123: 402-410. [Crossref]
21. Escher K. (1972): "Die amphibian des Kantons Zürich". Vierteljahrsschrift Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich Vol 117: 337-380.
22. Essl F., Dullinger S., Rabitsch W., Hulme P.E., Hülber K., Jarosik V. (2011): "Socioeconomic legacy yields an invasion debt". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol 108: 203-207. [Crossref]
23. Franzen M., Gruber H.J., Heckes U. (2002): "An allochtonous Triturus carnifex population in southern Bavaria (Germany)". Salamandra Vol 38: 149-154.
24. Fritz U. (2003): Die Europäische Sumpfschildkröte. Laurenti-Verlag, Bielefeld.
25. Gernber H. (2015): "Papilio alexanor Esper, 1799 im Zentralwallis, Schweiz (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)". Entomo Helvetica Vol 8: 206-208.
26. Glaw F. (2009): "Erstnachweis der Küsten-Strauchschrecke (Pholidoptera littoralis) in Deutschland (Insecta, Saltatoria)". NachrBl bayer. Ent. Vol 58: 18-24.
27. Guicking D., Joger U., Wink M. (2009): "Cryptic diversity in a Eurasian water snake (Natrix tessellate, Serpentes: Colubridae): evidence from mitochondrial sequence data and nuclear ISSR-PCR fingerprinting". Org. Divers. Evol. Vol 9: 201-214. [Crossref]
28. Guidon S., Gascuel O. (2003): "A simple, fast, and accurate algorithm to estimate large phylogenies by maximum likelihood". Syst. Biol. Vol 52: 696-704. [Crossref]
29. Hodgkins J., Davis C., Foster J. (2012): "Successful rapid response to an accidental introduction of non-native lizards Podarcis siculus in Buckinghamshire, UK". Conservation Evidence Vol 9: 63-66.
30. Hulme P.E., Bacher S., Kenis M., Klotz S., Kühn I., Minchin D. , et al, (2008): "Grasping at the routes of biological invasions: a framework for integrating pathways into policy". J. Appl. Ecol. Vol 45: 403-414. [Crossref]
31. Jeschke J.M., Genovesi P. (2011): "Do biodiversity and human impact influence the introduction or establishment of alien mammals?" Oikos Vol 120: 57-64. [Crossref]
32. Johanet A., Secondi J., Lemaire C. (2011): "Widespread introgression does not leak into allotropy in a broad sympatric zone". Heredity Vol 106: 962-972. [Crossref]
33. Kark S., Solarz W., Chiron F., Clergeau P., Shirley S. (2009): "Alien birds, amphibians and reptiles of Europe". In: Handbook of Alien Species in Europe. Invading Nature – Series in Invasion Ecology, vol. 3, p.  105-118. Springer, Dordrecht. [Crossref]
34. Keller R.P., Lodge D.M., Finnoff D.C. (2007): "Risk assessment for invasive species produces net bioeconomic benefits". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol 104: 203-207. [Crossref]
35. Keller R.P., Geist J., Jeschke J.M., Kühn I. (2011): "Invasive species in Europe: ecology, status and policy". Environ. Sci. Eur. Vol 23: 23. [Crossref]
36. Kraus F. (2015): "Impacts from invasive reptiles and amphibians". Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. Vol 46: 75-97. [Crossref]
37. Lelièvre F., Sala S., Ruget F., Volaire F. (2011): Evolution climatique du Sud de la France 1950-2009, Projet CLIMFOUREL PSDR-3, Régions L-R, M-P, R-A. Série Les Focus PSDR3.
38. Lenk P., Frirtz U., Joger U., Wink M. (1999): "Mitochondrial phylogeography of the European pond turtle. Emy orbicularis (Linnaeus 1758)". Mol. Ecol. Vol 8: 1911-1922. [Crossref]
39. Lowry E., Rollinson E.J., Laybourn A.J., Scott T.E., Aiello-Lammens M.E., Gray S.M. , et al, (2013): "Biological invasions: a field synopsis, systematic review and database of the literature". Ecol. Evol. Vol 3: 182-196. [Crossref]
40. Marchesi P., Blant M., Holzgang O., Maddalena T. (2000): "Small mammal diversity of the Simplonpass and discovery of the blind mole in the Valais". Bull. Murithienne Vol 118: 27-32.
41. Maura M., Salvi D., Bologna M.A., Nascetti G., Canestrelli D. (2014): "Northern richness and cryptic refugia: phylogeography of the Italian smooth newt Lissotriton vulgaris meridionalis". Biol. J. Linnean Soc. Vol 113: 590-603. [Crossref]
42. Mebert K. (2011): "Introduced and indigenous populations of the dice snake (Natrix tessellate) in the central Alps – microgeographic variation and effect of inbreeding". Mertensiella Vol 18: 71-79.
43. Meilink W.R.M., Arntzen J.W., van Delft J.J.C.W., Wielstra B. (2015): "Genetic pollution of a threatened native crested newt species through hybridization with an invasive congener in the Netherlands". Biol. Conserv. Vol 184: 145-153. [Crossref]
44. Metzger C., Christe P., Ursenbacher S. (2011): "Diet variability of two convergent natricine colubrids in an invasive-native interactions". Mertensiella Vol 18: 86-93.
45. Musilova R., Zavadil V., Markova S., Kotlik P. (2010): "Relics of the Europe’s warm past: phylogeography of the Aesculapian snake". Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. Vol 57: 1245-1252. [Crossref]
46. Nadachowska K., Babik W. (2009): "Divergence in the face of gene flow: the case of two newts (Amphibia: Salamandridae)". Mol. Biol. Evol. Vol 26: 829-841. [Crossref]
47. Pabijan M., Zielinski P., Dudek K., Chloupek M., Sotiropoulos K., Liana M., Babik W. (2015): "The dissection of a Pleistocene refugium: phylogeography of the smooth newt, Lissotriton vulgaris, in the Balkans". J. Biogeogr. Vol 42: 671-683. [Crossref]
48. Pabijan M., Zielinski P., Dudek K., Stuglik M., Babik W. (2017): "Isolation and gene flow in a speciation continuum in newts". Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. Vol 116: 1-12. [Crossref]
49. Pankratius U. (2004): "A record of Acrotylus patruelis in Nürnberg, northern Bavaria, Germany (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Locustinae)". Articulata Vol 19: 53-59.
50. Parent G.H. (1979): "Contribution à la connaissance du peuplement herpétologique de la Belgique et des régions limitrophes. Note 4: La question controversée de l’indigénat de la Cistude d’Europe, Emys orbicularis L. au Benelux et dans les territoires adjacents". Arch. Inst. g.-d. Luxemb. Sect. Sci. Nat. Phys. Math. Vol 38: 129-182.
51. Pascal M., Lorvelec O., Vigne J.D. (2006): Invasions biologiques et extinctions: 11,000 ans d’histoire des vertébrés en France. Editions Belin & Quae, Paris.
52. Pimentel D., McNair S., Janecka J., Wightman J., Simmonds C., O’Connell C. , et al, (2001): "Economic and environmental threats of alien plant, animal and microbe invasions". Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. Vol 84: 1-20. [Crossref]
53. Raemy M. (2017): Hybridization between pond turtles (Emys orbicularis) subspecies in natural and human-mediated contact zones. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Basel, Switzerland.
54. Raemy M., Monney J.C., Ursenbacher S. (2013): "Conservation activities for European pond turtles (Emys orbicularis) in Switzerland". Herpetol. Notes Vol 6: 111-112.
55. Raemy M., Fritz U., Cheylan M., Ursenbacher S. (2017): "Hybridization between turtle subspecies: a case study with the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis)". Conserv. Genet. Vol 18: 287-296. [Crossref]
56. Raxworthy C.J. (1990): "Review – a review of the smooth newt (Triturus-Vulgaris) subspecies, including an identification key". Herpetol. J. Vol 1: 481-492.
57. Recuero E., Iraola A., Rubio X., Machordom A., Garcia-Paris M. (2007): "Mitochondrial differentiation and biogeography of Hyla meridionalis (Anura: Hylidae): an unusual phylogeographical pattern". J. Biogeogr. Vol 34: 1207-1219. [Crossref]
58. Roelants K., Gower D.J., Wilkinson M., Loader S.P., Biju S.D., Guillaume K. , et al, (2007): "Global patterns of diversification in the history of modern amphibians". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA Vol 104: 887-892. [Crossref]
59. Schmitt T. (2007): "Molecular biogeography of Europe: Pleistocene cycles and postglacial trends". Front. Zool. Vol 4: 11.
60. Schneeweiss N. (1997): "Fang, Handel, und Aussetzung – historische und aktuelle Aspekte des Rückgangs der Europäischen Sumpfschildkröte (Emys orbicularis, Linnaeus, 1758), in Brandenburg". Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege in Brandenburg Vol 6 (3): 76-81.
61. Schulte U. (2008): Die Mauereidechse. Laurenti-Verlag, Bielefeld.
62. Schulte U., Gebhart J. (2011): "Geographic origin of a population of the Italian wall lizard Podarcis siculus (Rafinesque-Schmaltz 1810), introduced north of the Alps". Herpetozoa Vol 24: 96-97.
63. Schulte U., Hochkirch A., Lötters S., Rödder D., Schweiger S., Weimann T., Veith M. (2012): "Cryptic niche conservatism among evolutionary lineages of an invasive lizard". Global Ecol. Biogeogr. Vol 21: 198-211. [Crossref]
64. Schulte U., Veith M., Hochkirch A. (2012): "Rapid genetic assimilation of native wall lizard populations (Podarcis muralis) through extensive hybridization with introduced lineages". Mol. Ecol. Vol 21: 4313-4326. [Crossref]
65. Schulte U., Veith M., Mingo V., Modica C., Hochkirch A. (2013): "Strong genetic differentiation due to multiple founder events during a recent range expansion of an introduced wall lizard population". Biol. Invasions. Vol 15: 2639-2649. [Crossref]
66. Short K.H., Petren K. (2011): "Fine-scale genetic structure arises during range expansion of an invasive gecko". PLoS ONE Vol 6: e26258. [Crossref]
67. Sillero N., Campos J., Bonardi A., Creemers R., Crochet P.A., Crnobrnja-Isailovic J. , et al, (2014): "Updated distribution and biogeography of amphibians and reptiles of Europe". Amphiba-Reptilia Vol 35: 1-31. [Crossref]
68. Silva-Rocha I., Salvi D., Harris D.J., Freitas S., Davis C., Foster J. , et al, (2014): "Molecular assessment of Podarcis sicula populations in Britain, Greece and Turkey reinforces a multiple-origin invasion pattern in this species". Acta Herpetol. Vol 9: 253-258.
69. Tingley R., Weeks A.R., Smart A.S., van Rooyen A.R., Woolnough A.P., McCarthy M.A. (2015): "European newts establish in Australia, marking the arrival of a new amphibian order". Biol. Invasions. Vol 17: 31-37. [Crossref]
70. Vences M., de Pous P., Nicolas V., Diaz-Rodriguez J., Donaire D., Hugemann K. , et al, (2014): "New insights on phylogeography and distribution of painted frogs (Discoglossus) in northern Africa and the Iberian Peninsula". Amphiba-Reptilia Vol 35: 305-320. [Crossref]
71. Wielstra B., Canestrelli D., Cvijanović M., Denoël M., Fijarczyk A., Jablonski D., Liana M., Naumov B., Olgun K., Pabijan M., Pezzarossa A., Popgeorgiev G., Salvi D., Si Y., Sillero N., Sotiropoulos K., Zieliński P., Babik W. (2018): "The distributions of the six species constituting the smooth newt species complex (Lissotriton vulgaris sensu lato and L. montandoni) – an addition to the New Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles of Europe". Amphibia-Reptilia Vol 39: 252-259. [Crossref]
72. Zampiglia M., Canestrelli D., Chiocchio A., Nascetti G. (2013): "Geographic distribution of the chytrid pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis among mountain amphibians along the Italian peninsula". Dis. Aquat. Organ. Vol 107: 61-68. [Crossref]
Submit comment
Comment moderation successfully completed


Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Brill — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation