Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Phylogeographic evidence for multiple long-distance introductions of the common wall lizard associated with human trade and transport

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this advance article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Affiliations: 1: 1CIBIO Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources, InBIO, Universidade do Porto, Campus de Vairão, Rua Padre Armando Quintas, N° 7, 4485-661 Vairão, Vila do Conde, Portugal ; 2: 2National insitute of Biology, Večna pot 111, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia ; 3: 3Herpetological society – Societas herpetological slovenica, Večna pot 111, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia ; 4: 4Asociación Herpetológica Española, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, C/ José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain ; 5: 5Department of Health, Life and Environmental Sciences, University of L’Aquila, Via Vetoio, 67100 Coppito, L’Aquila, Italy

*Corresponding authors; e-mails:;

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...

1. Akaike H. (1974): "A new look at the statistical model identification". IEEE Trans. Automat. Contr. Vol 19: 716-723. [Crossref]
2. Allendorf F.W., Leary R.F., Spruell P., Wenburg J.K. (2001): "The problems with hybrids: setting conservation guidelines". Trend. Ecol. Evol. Vol 16: 613-622. [Crossref]
3. Becker M., Gruenheit N., Steel M., Voelckel C., Deusch O., Heenan P., McLenachan P.A., Kardailsky O., Leigh J.W., Lockhard P. (2013): "Hybridization may facilitate in situ survival of endemic species through periods of climate change". Nature Clim. Change Vol 3: 1039-1043. [Crossref]
4. Brown R.M., Gist D.H., Taylor D.H. (1995): "Home range ecology of an introduced population of the European wall lizard Podarcis muralis (Lacertilia; Lacertidae) in Cincinnati, Ohio". Am. Midland Nat. Vol 1995: 344-359. [Crossref]
5. Cabana M., Vázquez R., Galán P. (2016): "Distribución y estado de conservación de Podarcis muralis en Galicia". Bol. Asoc. Herpetol. Esp. Vol 27: 107-114.
6. Ficetola G.F., Padoa-Schioppa E. (2009): "Human activities alter biogeographical patterns of reptiles on Mediterranean islands". Glob. Ecol. Biogeog. Vol 18: 214-222. [Crossref]
7. Galán P. (2003): Anfibios y Reptiles del Parque Nacional de las Islas Atlanticas de Galicia. Faunística, Biología y Conservación. Organismo Autónomo Parques Nacionales, Madrid.
8. Gherghel I., Strugariu A., Sahlean T.C., Zamfirescu O. (2009): "Anthropogenic impact or anthropogenic accommodation? Distribution range expansion of the common wall lizard (Podarcis muralis) by means of artificial habitats in the north-eastern limits of its distribution range". Acta Herpetol. Vol 4: 183-189.
9. Hedeen S.E., Hedeen D.L. (1999): "Railway-aided dispersal of an introduced Podarcis muralis population". Herpetol. Rev. Vol 30: 57.
10. IUCN (2000): IUCN Guidelines for the Prevention of Biodiversity Loss Caused by Alien Invasive Species. IUCN – The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland.
11. Kraus F. (2009): Alien Reptiles and Amphibians – a Scientific Compendium and Analysis, 1st Edition. Invading Nature: Springer Series in Invasion Ecology, 4. Springer, New York.
12. Krofel M., Cafuta V., Planinc G., Sopotnik M., Šalamun A., Tome S., Vamberger M., Žagar A. (2009): "Distribution of reptiles in Slovenia: a review of data collected until 2009". Natura Sloveniae Vol 11: 61-99.
13. Lee C.E. (2002): "Evolutionary genetics of invasive species". Trends Ecol. Evol. Vol 17: 386-391. [Crossref]
14. Letnic M.I., Webb J.K., Jessop T.S., Dempster T. (2015): "Restricting access to invasion hubs enables sustained control of an invasive vertebrate". J. Appl. Ecol. Vol 52: 341-347. [Crossref]
15. Mendes J., Harris D.J., Carranza S., Salvi D. (2017): "Biogeographic crossroad across the Pillars of Hercules: evolutionary history of Psammodromus lizards in space and time". J. Biogeogr. Vol 44: 2877-2890. [Crossref]
16. Michaelides S., White G.M., Bell C., Uller T. (2013): "Human introductions create opportunities for intra-specific hybridization in an alien lizard". Biol. Invasions. Vol 15: 1101-1112. [Crossref]
17. Michaelides S.N., While G.M., Zajac N., Uller T. (2015): "Widespread primary, but geographically restricted secondary, human introductions of wall lizards, Podarcis muralis". Mol. Ecol. Vol 24: 2702-2714. [Crossref]
18. Palumbi S., Martin A., Romano S., McMillan W., Stick L., Grabowski G. (1991): The Single Tools Guide to PCR. Department of Zoology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu.
19. Podnar M., Haring E., Pinsker W., Mayer W. (2007): "Unusual origin of a nuclear pseudogene in the Italian wall lizard: intergenomic and interspecific transfer of a large section of the mitochondrial genome in the genus Podarcis (Lacertidae)". J. Mol. Evol. Vol 64: 308-320. [Crossref]
20. PSA group (2017, December 21). Retrieved from
21. Rambaut A. (2014): FigTree 1.4.2 software. Edinburgh, Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh.
22. Sacks B.N., Moore M., Statham M.J., Wittmer H.U. (2011): "A restricted hybrid zone between native and introduced red fox (Vulpes vulpes) populations suggests reproductive barriers and competitive exclusion". Mol. Ecol. Vol 20: 326-341. [Crossref]
23. Salvi D., Harris D.J., Kaliontzopoulou A., Carretero M.A., Pinho C. (2013): "Persistence across Pleistocene ice ages in Mediterranean and extra-Mediterranean refugia: phylogeographic insights from the common wall lizard". BMC Evol. Biol. Vol 13: 147. [Crossref]
24. Salvi D., Schembri P.J., Sciberras A., Harris D.J. (2014): "Evolutionary history of the Maltese wall lizard Podarcis filfolensis: insights on the ‘Expansion-Contraction’ model of the Pleistocene biogeography". Mol. Ecol. Vol 23: 1167-1187. [Crossref]
25. Sambrook J., Fritsch E.F., Maniatis T. (1989): Molecular Cloning: a Laboratory Manual, 2nd Edition. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, New York.
26. Schulte U., Veith M., Hochkirch A. (2012): "Rapid genetic assimilation of native wall lizard populations (Podarcis muralis) through extensive hybridization with introduced lineages". Mol. Ecol. Vol 21: 4313-4326. [Crossref]
27. Schulte U., Thiesmeier B., Mayer W., Schweiger S. (2008): "Allochthone Vorkommen der Mauereidechse (Podarcis muralis) in Deutschland". Z. Feldherpetol. Vol 15: 139-156.
28. Sillero N., Campos J., Bonardi A., Corti C., Creemers R., Crochet P.-A., Crnobrnja Isailovi J., Denoël M., Ficetola G.F., Gonçalves J., Kuzmin S., Lymberakis P., de Pous P., Rodríguez A., Sindaco R., Speybroeck J., Toxopeus B., Vieites D.R., Vences M. (2014): "Updated distribution and biogeography of amphibians and reptiles of Europe". Amphibia-Reptilia Vol 35: 1-31. [Crossref]
29. Silva-Rocha I., Salvi D., Carretero M.A. (2012): "Genetic data reveal a multiple origin for the populations of the Italian wall lizard Podarcis sicula (Squamata: Lacertidae) introduced in the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands". Ital. J. Zool. Vol 79: 502-510. [Crossref]
30. Silva-Rocha I., Salvi D., Harris D.J., Freitas S., Davis C., Foster J., Deichsel G., Adamopoulou C., Carretero M.A. (2014): "Molecular assessment of Podarcis sicula populations in Britain, Greece and Turkey reinforces a multiple-origin invasion pattern in this species". Acta Herpetol. Vol 9: 253-258.
31. Simberloff D., Martin J.L., Genovesi P., Maris V., Wardle D.A., Aronson J., Courchamp F., Galil B., García-Berthou E., Pascal M., Pyšek P., Sousa R., Tabacchi E., Vilà M. (2013): "Impacts of biological invasions: what’s what and the way forward". Tren. Ecol. Evol. Vol 28: 58-66. [Crossref]
32. Tamura K., Dudley J., Nei M., Kumar S. (2007): "MEGA4: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis (MEGA) software version 4.0". Mol. Biol. Evol. Vol 24: 1596-1599. [Crossref]
33. Urosevic A., Tomovic L., Ajtic R., Simovic A., Dzukic G. (2016): "Alterations in the reptilian fauna of Serbia: introduction of exotic and anthropogenic range expansion of native species". Herpetozoa Vol 28: 115-132.
34. Wagner N.K., Ochocki B.M., Crawford K.M., Compagnoni A., Miller T.E.X. (2017): "Genetic mixture of multiple source populations accelerates invasive range expansion". J. Anim. Ecol. Vol 86: 21-34. [Crossref]
Submit comment
Comment moderation successfully completed


Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation