Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Distribution of Testudo graeca in the western Mediterranean according to climatic factors

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Despite being one of the most charismatic elements of the Mediterranean Basin fauna and its threatened status, the western Mediterranean range of Testudo graeca is at present very poorly known. The present work provides the most detailed geographical and ecological description for the North African clade of T. graeca so far. We gathered 283 occurrence data of T. graeca in North Africa and modelled the distribution by means of presence-only distribution modelling tools. The obtained model was then projected to southern Europe in order to explore whether the environmental characteristics of European populations fall into the predicted niche of the species in North Africa. T. graeca showed a wide environmental range in North Africa. Presence localities ranged from the sea level to 2090 m of altitude and from 116 to 1093 mm of annual precipitation. The presence-only model indicates that distribution in North Africa is mainly related to rainfall, specifically rainfall values in the wettest and coldest quarter of the year. The distribution model showed a range of ca. 1 000 000 km2. The projection of the model to southern Europe showed that the southern Iberian and Balkan Peninsulas, as well as most Mediterranean islands, present climatic conditions within those found in the range of the species in North Africa.

Affiliations: 1: 1Área de Ecología, Dept. de Biología Aplicada, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Elche, Alicante, Spain; 2: 3Centro de Recuperación de Fauna de Santa Faz, Alicante, Spain; 3: 4Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences, Université Abdelmalek Essaâdi, BP. 2121, Tétouan, Morocco; 4: 5Laboratoire d’Ecologie Animale Terrestre, Faculté des Sciences, Semlalia, Université Cadi Ayyad, BP 2390, 40000 Marrakech, Morocco; 5: 6Institut Sylvo-Pastoral, Jendouba, 8110 Tabarka, Tunisia; 6: 7Zoology Department, Science Faculty, Alfateh University, Tripoli, Libya; 7: 8Faculté des Sciences Biologiques et Agronomiques, Université M. Mammeri, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria; 8: 9Centre Universitaire d’El Tarf, 36100 El Tarf, Algeria; 9: 10Laboratory of Biodiversity & Ecosystem Dynamics, Dept. of Biology, Faculty of Science, Semlalia, Cadi Ayyad University, BP 2390, 40000 Marrakech, Morocco; 10: 11Museum of Zoology (Museum für Tierkunde), Senckenberg Dresden, A. B. Meyer Building, D-01109 Dresden, Germany

Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/156853812x643710
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Álvarez Y. , Mateo J.A. , Andreu A.C. , Díaz-Paniagua C. , Díez A. , Bautista J.M. ( 2000): "Mitochondrial DNA haplotyping of Testudo graecaon both continental sides of the Straits of Gibraltar". J. Hered. Vol 91: 39- 41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jhered/91.1.39
2. Anadón J.D. , Gimenez A. , Martinez M. , Esteve M.A. , Pérez I. ( 2006): "Factors determining the distribution of the spur-thighed tortoise Testudo graecain south-east Spain: a hierarchical approach". Ecography Vol 29: 339- 346. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2006.0906-7590.04486.x
3. Anadón J.D. , Giménez A. , Martínez M. , Esteve M.A. , Palazón J.A. ( 2007): "Assessing changes in habitat quality due to land use changes in Testudo graecausing hierarchical predictive habitat models". Divers. Distrib. Vol 13: 324- 331. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2007.00343.x
4. Anadón J.D. , Giménez A. , Ballestar R. , Perez I. ( 2009): "Evaluation of local ecological knowledge as a method for collecting extensive animal abundance data". Conserv. Biol. Vol 23: 617- 625. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.01145.x
5. Anadón J.D. , Giménez A. , Ballestar R. ( 2010): "Linking local ecological knowledge and habitat modelling to predict absolute species abundance at large scales". Biodivers. Conserv. Vol 19: 1443- 1454. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10531-009-9774-4
6. Barry S.C. , Elith J. ( 2006): "Error and uncertainty in habitat models". J. Appl. Ecol. Vol 43: 413- 423. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01136.x
7. Bons J. , Geniez P. ( 1996): Amphibiens et reptiles du Maroc (Sahara Occidental compris). Atlas biogéographique. Asociación Herpetológica Española, Barcelona.
8. Brito J.C. , Acosta A.L. , Álvares F. , Cuzin F. ( 2009): "Biogeography and conservation of taxa from remote regions: An application of ecological-niche based models and GIS to North-African canids". Biol. Conserv. Vol 142: 3020- 3029. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2009.08.001
9. Buckley L.B. , Rodda G.H. , Jetz W. ( 2008): "Thermal and energetic constraints on ectotherm abundance: a global test using lizards". Ecology Vol 89: 48- 55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/07-0845.1
10. Cherkaoui I. , Selmi S. , Boukhriss J. , Hamid R.I. , Mohammed D. ( 2009): "Factors affecting bird richness in a fragmented cork oak forest in Morocco". Acta Oecol. Vol 35: 197- 205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actao.2008.10.002
11. Daget P. ( 1977): "Mediterranean bioclimate – general characteristics and modes of definition". Vegetatio Vol 34: 1- 20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00119883
12. Dormann C.F. , Mcpherson J.M. , Arau M.B. , Bivand R. , Bolliger J. , Carl G. , Davies R.G. , et al ( 2007): "Methods to account for spatial autocorrelation in the analysis of species distributional data: a review". Ecography Vol 30: 609- 628. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2007.0906-7590.05171.x
13. Elith J. , Graham C.H. , Anderson R.P. , Dudík M. , Ferrier S. , Guisan A. , Hijmans R.J. , Huettmann F. , Leathwick J.R. , Lehmann A. , Li J. , Lohmann L.G. , Loiselle B.A. , Manion G. , Moritz C. , Nakamura M. , Nakazawa Y. , Overton J.McC. , Peterson A.T. , Phillips S.J. , Richardson K.S. , Scachetti-Pereira R. , Schapire R.E. , Soberón J. , Williams S. , Wisz M.S. , Zimmermann N.E. ( 2006): "Novel methods improve prediction of species’ distributions from occurrence data". Ecography Vol 29: 129- 151. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2006.0906-7590.04596.x
14. Elith J. , Kearney M. , Phillips S. ( 2010): "The art of modelling range-shifting species". Met. Ecol. Evol. Vol 1: 330- 342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210X.2010.00036.x
15. Elith J. , Phillips S.J. , Hastie T. , Dudík M. , Chee Y.E. , Yates C.J. ( 2011): "A statistical explanation of MaxEnt for ecologists". Divers. Distrib. Vol 17: 43- 57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-4642.2010.00725.x
16. Emberger L. ( 1930): "Sur une formule applicable en géographie botanique". Cah. Herb. Seanc. Acad. Sci. Vol 191: 389- 390.
17. Fritz U. , Hundsdörfer A.K. , Široký P. , Auer M. , Kami H. , Lehmann J. , Mazanaeva L.F. , Türkozan O. , Wink M. ( 2007): "Phenotypic plasticity leads to incongruence between morphology-based taxonomy and genetic differentiation in western Palaearctic tortoises ( Testudo graecacomplex: Testudines, Testudinidae)". Amph-Rept. Vol 28: 97- 121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853807779799135
18. Fritz U. , Harris J.D. , Fahd S. , Rouag R. , Graciá E. , Giménez A. , Siroky P. , Kalboussi M. , Hundsdörfer A. ( 2009): "Mitochondrial phylogeography of Testudo graecain the Western Mediterranean: Old complex divergence in North Africa and recent arrival in Europe". Amphibia-Reptilia Vol 30: 63- 80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853809787392702
19. Graciá E. , Giménez A. , Anadón J.D. , Botella F. , García-Martínez S. , Marín M. ( 2011): "Genetic patterns of a range expansion: the spur-thighed tortoise Testudo graeca graecain Southeastern Spain". Amph-Rept. Vol 32: 49- 61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/017353710X542985
20. Guisan A. , Hofer U. ( 2003): "Predicting reptile distributions at the mesoscale: relation to climate and topography". Journal of Biogeography Vol 30: 1233- 1243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2699.2003.00914.x
21. Guisan A. , Thuiller W. ( 2005): "Predicting species distribution: offering more than simple habitat models". Ecol. Lett. Vol 8: 993- 1009. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00792.x
22. Hijmans R.J. , Cameron S.E. , Parra J.L. , Jones P.G. , Jarvis A. ( 2005): "Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas". Int. J. Climat. Vol 25: 1965- 1978. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/joc.1276
23. IUCN/Species Survival Commission( 2002): IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Gland, Switzerland.
24. Jiménez-Valverde A. , Barve N. , Lira-Noriega A. , Maher S.P. , Nakazawa Y. , Papeş M. , Soberón J. , Sukumaran J. , Peterson A.T. ( 2011): "Dominant climate influences on North American bird distributions". Global Ecol. Biog. Vol 20: 114- 118. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00574.x
25. Kearney M. , Porter W.P. ( 2004): "Mapping the fundamental niche: physiology, climate, and the distribution of a nocturnal lizard". Ecology Vol 85: 3119- 3131. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/03-0820
26. Lambert M.R.K. ( 1979): "Trade and the Mediterranean tortoises". Oryx Vol 15: 81- 82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0030605300016574
27. Lambert M.R.K. ( 1983): "Some factors influencing the Moroccan distribution of the western Mediterranean spur-thighed tortoise, Testudo graeca graecaL. and those precluding its survival in NW Europe". Zool. J. Linn. Soc. Vol 79: 149- 179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1983.tb01164.x
28. Liu C. , Berry P.M. , Dawson T.P. , Pearson R.G. ( 2005): "Selecting thresholds of occurrence in the prediction of species distributions". Ecography Vol 28: 385- 393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0906-7590.2005.03957.x
29. Manel S. , Williams H.C. , Ormerod S.J. ( 2001): "Evaluating presence-absence models in ecology: the need to account for prevalence". J. Appl. Ecol. Vol 38: 921- 931. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2664.2001.00647.x
30. Pérez I. , Giménez A. , Sánchez-Zapata J.A. , Anadón J.D. , Martínez M. , Esteve M.A. ( 2004): "Noncommercial extraction of a threatened species: a cultural problem of Testudo graeca graecain Southeastern Spain". Biol. Conserv. Vol 118: 175- 181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2003.07.019
31. Pérez I. , Giménez A. , Pedreño A. ( 2011): "A qualitative examination of the social practices and representations towards a species of endangered tortoise". Wildl. Res. Vol 38: 323- 329. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/WR10209
32. Peterson A.T. , Papes M. , Eaton M. ( 2007): "Transferability and model evaluation in ecological niche modeling: a comparison of GARP and Maxent". Ecography Vol 30: 550- 560. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0906-7590.2007.05102.x
33. Phillips S.J. , Dudik M. ( 2008): "Modeling of species distributions with Maxent: new extensions and a comprehensive evaluation". Ecography Vol 31: 161- 175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0906-7590.2008.5203.x
34. Phillips S.J. , Anderson R.P. , Schapire R.D. ( 2006): "Maximum entropy modelling of species geographic distributions". Ecol. Model. Vol 190: 231- 259. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.03.026
35. Pleguezuelos J.M. , Brito J.C. , Fahd S. , Feriche M. , Mateo J.A. , Moreno-Rueda G. , Reques R. , Santos X. ( 2010): "Setting conservation priorities for the Moroccan herpetofauna: the utility of Regional Red Listing". Oryx Vol 44: 501- 508. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0030605310000992
36. Rhodes J.R. , McAlpine C.A. , Zuur A.F. , Smith G.M. , Ieno E.N. ( 2009): "GLMM applied on the spatial distribution of koalas in a fragmented landscape". In: Mixed Effects Models and Extensions in Ecology with R, p.  469- 492. Zuur A.F. , Ieno E.N. , Walker N.J. , Saveliev A.A. , Smith G.M. , Eds, Springer, New York.
37. Rödder D. , Lötters S. ( 2009): "Niche shift versus niche conservatism? Climatic characteristics of the native and invasive ranges of the Mediterranean house gecko ( Hemidactylus turcicus)". Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. Vol 18: 674- 687. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2009.00477.x
38. Rödder D. , Schmidtlein S. , Veith M. , Lötters S. ( 2009): "Alien invasive slider turtle in unpredicted habitat: a matter of niche shift or of predictors studied?" PloS ONE Vol 4: e7843. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0007843
39. Salinas M. , Altet L. , Clavel C. , Almela R.M. , Bayón A. , Burguete I. , Sánchez A. ( 2011): "Genetic assessment, illegal trafficking and management of the Mediterranean spur-thighed tortoise in Southern Spain and Northern Africa". Conserv. Genet. Vol 12: 1- 13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10592-009-9982-1
40. Schleich H.H. , Kästle W. , Kabisch K. ( 1996): Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein.
41. Svenning J.-C. , Normand S. , Kageyama M. ( 2008): "Glacial refugia of temperate trees in Europe: insights from species distribution modelling". J. Ecol. Vol 96: 1117- 1127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01422.x
42. Vamberger M. , Corti C. , Stuckas H. , Fritz U. ( 2011): "Is the imperilled spur-thighed tortoise ( Testudo graeca) native in Sardinia? Implications from population genetics and for conservation". Amphibia-Reptilia Vol 32: 9- 25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/017353710X541869
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/156853812x643710
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/156853812x643710
2012-01-02
2016-12-05

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Amphibia-Reptilia — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation