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Descripcion de la Larva de Elachistocleis bicolor (Valenciennes, 1838) (Anura: Microhylidae)

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Nine tadpoles of Elanchistocleis bicolor from Uruguay are described and figured. Main characters are a globular body; oral disc with two ventral projecting flaps, with a medial notch, and denticulate edges; spiracle reotal in position and to the left of a midventral anal tube; and width of dorsal fin to width of ventral fin 1:1. The tadpole is similar to that of other Elachistocleis: E. ovalis and E. surinamensis. After comparisons with tadpoles of other related genera, Dermatonotus and Elachistocleis appeared to have a symplesiomorphic condition (aquatic development), while Myersiella and Synapturanus presented a synapomorphy (terrestrial development), Synapturanus also having an autapomorphic condition (vestigial fins).

Affiliations: 1: Secc. Herpetología, Museo de Ciencias Naturales, Paseo del Bosque s/n (1900) La Plata, Argentina; 2: Div. Zoología Experimental, Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas C. Estable, Av. Italia 3318, Montevideo, Uruguay


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