Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Long-term management of a natterjack toad (Bufo calamita) population in southern Britain

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Amphibia-Reptilia

We have investigated the dynamics of an isolated population of natterjack toads (Bufo calamita) over the period 1972-1991. During this time the habitat was manipulated by clearance of scrub woodland and by creation and restoration of ponds. The adult toad population increased at least threefold during the study, with a nadir in the late 1970s and a maximum in the late 1980s. Female population size, as judged by spawn string counts, varied according to metamorphic success rates three years previously. Ponds suitable for natterjack breeding on chemical and topographical grounds nevertheless varied both in their attractiveness to natterjacks and in their success rates in sustaining larvae through to metamorphosis; those desiccating at intermediate times were more successful than highly ephemeral or longer-lasting water bodies. Artificial eutrophication of one naturally acid pond by addition of Ca((OH)2 increased its attractiveness to natterjacks for several years but did not sustain high levels of toadlet production. Female natterjacks survived up to twice as long as the oldest males, a difference possibly attributable to selective predation by the snake Natrix natrix. Invertebrates, especially beetles (Coleoptera) and ants (Hymenoptera) were the primary food of both natterjacks and sympatric common toads (B. bufo) at the study site. Addition of fish (Leuciscus idus) to breeding pools reduced numbers of predatory invertebrates and increased toadlet production in two separate experiments. Optimal terrestrial habitat for natterjacks was sustained only for 2-3 years after scrub clearance, after which seral succession rendered it unsuitable.

Affiliations: 1: School of Biology, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QG, UK


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Amphibia-Reptilia — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation