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Breeding of the toad Bufo verrucosissimus: sexual dimorphism and shifting spawning sites

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The Colchic toad (Bufo verrucosissimus) inhabits wet mountain forests of Caucasia and breeds in small and unstable slow streams and seepage pools. Pair formation usually takes place on land. Amplexing couples search for new breeding sites every year; there is little site fidelity. Active searching for breeding sites is facilititated by the small size of males; the species is highly dimorphic, males having a mean body length of 70-85 mm, females a length of 100-130 mm. If a larger, more permanent water body appears in a region, reproductive tactics change and males wait for females around the pond. These generalizations are supported by data collected from 1989-1993. There was an inverse correlation between body size of females and males in amplexing pairs.

Affiliations: 1: Chair of Ecology, Department of Biology, Tbilisi State University, University Str. 2, Tbilishi 380077, Georgia


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