Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

CONTEXTS AND POSSIBLE FUNCTIONS OF ALARM CALLING IN THE WILLOW TIT, PARUS MONTANUS; THE PRINCIPLE OF ‘BETTER SAFE THAN SORRY’

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Behaviour

The primary alarm call in the willow tit consists of a series of high-pitched, short zi (zee) notes. A large variety of birds flying overhead may evoke alarm calls in the willow tit, many of which are quite harmless to the species. Also many types of ‘disturbances’ in the forest may elicit alarm calls, including sudden appearance of humans. Alarm calling seems to be an altruistic event since the caller puts itself into a dangerous situation by attracting the predator’s attention, while leaving time for associates to take relevant precautions. For an evolutionary selection of alarm calling the cost involved must somehow be outweighed by factor(s) beneficial to the caller. Among several hypotheses trying to explain possible functions of alarm calls, warning of kin and mates seems most likely with regard to tits. The relevance of the ‘food resource usurpation-hypothesis’ needs further study under natural conditions. The high proportion of ‘false’ alarms is remarkable. A strategy of ‘better safe than sorry’ seems to be advantageous, because the time left for appropriate precautions in case of a real attack is so marginal that it pays in the long run to react to any possible threat even if it turns out to be harmless.

10.1163/156853900502169
/content/journals/10.1163/156853900502169
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
6
3
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/156853900502169
Loading

Data & Media loading...

http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/156853900502169
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/156853900502169
2000-04-01
2016-12-04

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation