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The Causation of Pseudofemale and Pseudomale Behaviour: a Further Comment

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image of Behaviour

Pseudofemale behaviour is the performance by a male of motor patterns belonging to the special sexual repertoire of the female. Pseudomale behaviour refers to a similar inversion on the part of the female. The selection of suitable species for the study of this behaviour is discussed. Data (additional to those given in MORRIS 1952 and 1954) are presented for female Ten-spined Sticklebacks and for male Zebra Finches. Four basic causal factors are postulated for pseudofemale and pseudomale behaviour. They are : A. Hormonal or structural abnormality. B. Male submissiveness or female agressiveness. C. Arousal and thwarting of sex drive. D. Releasing stimuli for sex behaviour of opposite sex. Factor A is not considered in this paper. It is suggested that one, or some combination, of these factors will always be responsible for sexual behaviour inversions. Examples of the operation of various combinations of these factors are given and discussed. In conclusion, human pseudofemale and pseudomale behaviour is mentioned, and the relationship between inversion and homosexuality clarified.

Affiliations: 1: (Department of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy, Oxford University


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