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The Role of Emotionality in Hoarding

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The purpose of the study is to determine some empirical relationships between hoarding and selected indices of emotionality in three inbred strains of mice which exhibit characteristic differences in temperament and in responses evoked by a stressful environment. One hundred-fifty females of the Jackson Laboratory C3H, C57, and C Bagg albino strains were given three five minute trials in an open field and eight hoarding trials in a hoarding apparatus. Analysis of the data permits the following conclusions to be drawn: 1. The B albinos, which had the highest rate of defecation-urination, the longest latency of movement in the open-field, and the longest latency of movement into the hoarding alleys also hoarded the largest number of pellets, while the C57's which had the lowest scores on these three variables, hoarded the smallest number of pellets. 2. Intra-strain analysis indicated no systematic relationship among the variables of latency in open field, latency in alley entrance, defecation-urination frequency, and timidity. 3. For the C3H's and B albinos, short latency of movement tended to be a characteristic of those S's which hoarded more frequently, therefore the relationship between strains in the converse of that present within strains. 4. Frequency of defecation-urination was unrelated to frequency of hoarding probably indicating that this variable is not a valid index of general autonomic reactivity. 5. Some interpretative limitations of this study were presented and some pertinent variables for further study were indicated.

Affiliations: 1: Bucknell University, Penn., U.S.A.


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