Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Prey Recognition in the Praying Mantis 1)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
MyBook is a cheap paperback edition of the original book and will be sold at uniform, low price.

Buy this article

$30.00+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites

image of Behaviour

The external factors which release and control prey capture in the praying mantis have been studied in Parastagmatoptera unipunctata and Hierodulae gen. In tests with various kinds of live prey and dummies the strike has been found to be most readily released if I.) the prey is within reach of the forelegs; 2.) the prey moves as a whole while exhibiting rapid, jerky movements of appendages. Size, shape and direction of the prey are less important, while color and odor have no strike releasing value. Continuous presentation of a strike-releaser results in more or less rapid response-waning, depending upon its releasing value. Suboptimal dummies cause complete refractoriness within minutes, while optimal prey continues to elicit strikes after several hours. However, even under optimal internal and external conditions the frequency of strike-discharge declines rapidly at first and then more slowly. By comparing mantids normally raised on live flies with isolated, hand-fed animals and with mantids which were exclusively fed on prey of low stimulus-value, it has been shown that 1.) the strike-releasing qualities of the prey are not learned through experience; 2.) the stimulus-response relations of the subsequent acts of catching and putting to the mouth can be quantitatively modified during the individual life.


Article metrics loading...


Affiliations: 1: (Department of Biology, Tufts University-, Medford; Massachusetts, U.S.A.


Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to email alerts
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Behaviour — Recommend this title to your library

    Thank you

    Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation